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Aberdeen Grammar School. Graphic Communication. True Shapes The Cylinder. CDT Department . True Shape. This type of drawing is asked to be drawn as part of a cut, prism, pyramid, cylinder or cone. It shows the actual shape of a sloping surface.

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Aberdeen grammar school l.jpg
Aberdeen Grammar School

Graphic Communication

True Shapes

The Cylinder

CDT Department


True shape l.jpg
True Shape

  • This type of drawing is asked to be drawn as part of a cut, prism, pyramid, cylinder or cone.

  • It shows the actual shape of a sloping surface.

  • They can be quite confusing but are not as hard to produce as they look.


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True Shape

  • As there are other slides and presentations depicting how to draw cut prisms, pyramids, cylinders and cones we are not going to show you how to do these things in this slideshow.

  • Instead we will focus on producing the true shapes.


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True Shape - Cylinders

Here we will draw the true shape of the sloping surface.


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True Shape

Draw 2 lines at 90° to the cut from the bottom and top of the cut.


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True Shape

Construct a clockface on the plan.


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True Shape

Construct a clockface on the plan.


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True Shape

Number the clockface on the plan.


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This centre line must be parallel with the sloping face on the elevation.

True Shape

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Add a centre line at 90° to these two lines. Draw this centre line clear of all the other views to make the true shape clearer.


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True Shape the elevation.

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Now project the lines down from each of the clock points on the plan.


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True Shape the elevation.

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Ignore any of these lines that do not travel through the cut face of the cone. These are shown pink.

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True Shape the elevation.

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Project these projection lines at 90° to the cut line on the elevation.


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11 the elevation.

True Shape

Number the corners to stop you getting confused.

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Use a compass to transfer the distances from the centre line to the clock face.

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Distances from the centre line to point 11 and point 7 are the same so can be marked on at the same time.


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11 the elevation.

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True Shape

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Repeat for all the points.


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11 the elevation.

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True Shape

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Draw a smooth freehand curve joining these points.

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Now join points 7 and 11 with a straight line.


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True Shape the elevation.

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Here the true shape is shown more clearly.

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