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ESPAÑOL. Olaitan April 29, 2011. Past Participles as ADJECTIVES. La cadena está rota. Las ventanas están abiertas. La catedral fue construida en 1560. Esa pintura fue hecha en el Perú. The chain is broken. The windows are open. The cathedral WAS BUILT in 1560.

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Espa ol

ESPAÑOL

Olaitan

April 29, 2011


Past participles as adjectives
Past ParticiplesasADJECTIVES


La cadena está rota.

Las ventanas están abiertas.

La catedral fue construida en 1560.

Esa pintura fue hecha en el Perú.

The chain is broken.

The windows are open.

The cathedral WAS BUILT in 1560.

This painting WAS MADE in Peru.


El futuro
El Futuro

  • Most verbs are regular

  • All share the same endings

  • Stem = infinitive

  • Same irregulars as in conditional

  • Also used to state or express probability – I wonder/must be. . .


Endings

YO – é

TÚ – ás

ÉL – á

ELLA

USTED

NOS – emos

VOS – éis

ELLOS – án ELLASUSTEDES

Endings




El maletero

El espejo retrovisor

El limpiaparabrisas

La llanta, rueda

Las luces

El parabrisas

El pito, claxon

La placa

La puerta

The trunk

The rearview mirror

The wiper

The tire, wheel

The lights

The windshield

The whistle, horn

The plate

The door


Los cognados

El auto, automóvil

El carro

Compacto

Económico / a

La gasolina

Híbrido / a

El motor

The car

The cart

Compact

Economic

Gasoline

Hybrid

The motor

Los Cognados


Los sustantivos

El aire acondicionado

El asiento

El coche

La batería, pila

La bolsa de aire, el airbag

La carretera

El choque

El cinturón de seguridad

El / La conductor / a

El deportivo

Los frenos

La licencia de maneja / conducir

La llanta pinchado

La multa

El volante

The air conditioner

The seat

The car

The battery

The airbag

The road

The crash

The seatbelt

The driver

The sport car

The brakes

The drivers license

The punctured tire

The fine

The steering wheel

Los Sustantivos


Los verbos

Abrocharse (el cinturón)

Arrancar

Chocar

Conducir, manejar

Dañar

Freñar

Parar

Pitar

To buckle up (seatbelt)

To start (a car, a race)

To collide, crash

To drive

To injure; to damage

To brake

To stop

To beep the horn

Los Verbos



Adverbial clauses

Introduced by conjunctions

C – cuando

H – hasta que

A – aunque

D – después de que

A – a pesar de que

T – tan pronto como

E – en cuanto

When

Until

Even when, even though, even if, although

After

Even though

As soon as

As soon as

Adverbial Clauses


Adverbial clauses continued
Adverbial Clauses (continued)

  • Give info, such as when, how or under what circumstances something happened or may occur.

    • If the situation in the adverbial clause is viewed as something hypothetical or anticipated = use subjunctive

    • If the situation in the adverbial clause is viewed as something completed, habitual, or factual = use indicative

      • Preterite – past specific actions

      • Imperfect – past habitual action

      • Present – current habitual action


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