the end of medieval europe
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The End of Medieval Europe. The Main Event(s). The Black Death (1347-1351) The Hundred Years War (1337-1453) The Great Schism (1378-1417) The Crusades (1095-1291). The Black Death. Lasted from 1347-1351

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the main event s
The Main Event(s)
  • The Black Death (1347-1351)
  • The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
  • The Great Schism (1378-1417)
  • The Crusades (1095-1291)
the black death
The Black Death
  • Lasted from 1347-1351
  • Cause: Rats with fleas carrying the bubonic plague entered Europe from Asia on trading ships
  • Killed 25 Million people in Europe (1/3 of the population)
  • Bodies buried in mass graves
bubonic plague
Bubonic Plague
  • DON’T WRITE THIS DOWN
  • Symptoms:
    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Chills
    • High Fever
    • Seizures
  • Kills in about 4 days
the blame game
The Blame Game
  • People came up with many “explanations” for why the plague occurred
  • 2 Main “Explanations”
    • Jews poisoned the wells
    • God was punishing sinful ways
results
Results
  • The peoples’ faith in God was shaken
  • The church lost some of its power
  • Peasants lives improved
    • Created labor shortage
    • Workers could demand higher wages
    • Some peasants granted freedom in exchange for labor
the hundred years war
The Hundred Years War
  • Actually lasted 116 years (1337-1453)
  • Between England & France
  • Cause: The French king died with no heir to his throne. The King of England attempts to claim the French throne.
what happened
What Happened?
  • Didn’t actually fight continuously for 100 years
  • Actually a series of conflicts between the 2 groups
  • Each king developed a standing army of foot soldiers
  • New weapons were created
    • English Longbow
    • Gunpowder & cannons (from Asia)
joan of arc
Joan of Arc
  • Young French woman
  • Rallied French troops around the heir to the throne
  • Drove English out of Orleans
  • Eventually captured & burned at the steak
the results are in
The Results Are In . . .
  • Royal power in both countries strengthened
  • Both developed greater national pride
  • No real winner
    • France held its ground, but didn’t gain anything
    • England didn’t gain anything
the great schism
The Great Schism
  • Disputes between the Pope & Europe’s secular kings
    • Kings wanted to:
      • Appoint bishops, who controlled vast areas of land
      • Try priests in royal courts
      • Tax church lands
    • The Pope resisted
the cause
The Cause
  • 1305 – French Pope elected & moves Papacy to Avignon, France
  • 1378 – Italian Pope elected & returns Papacy to Rome
  • French Cardinals claim the election was unfair, and elect a 2nd Pope who was French
the results
The Results
  • Schism (split) greatly weakened the church
  • 1409 – Church Council elects 3rd Pope
    • Makes things worse
  • 1417 – New Church Council
    • Deposes all 3 Popes
    • Elects new Pope (only 1)
  • Church’s prestige already greatly weakened
essential question
Essential Question
  • What were the causes & effects of the end of Medieval Europe?
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