WASTE MANAGEMENT. Chapter 19. Love Canal, New York When Waste is Not Disposed of Properly. 1942 to 1958 Hooker Chemicals Disposal Site 1953 Sold to Niagara Falls School Board (school, housing) 1976 Residents becoming sick 1978 Lois Gibbs leads outcry 1980 Declared Disaster Site
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Why should we care about solid waste?
How much waste does the U.S. produce?
What is in the garbage?
The throw away mentality: OUT of SIGHT… OUT OF MIND
Two Reasons to Be Concerned:
Fig. 24-2 p. 533
WHY DO THEY NOT DECOMPOSE????.....what do things need to decompose
Enough disposable diapers each year linked together would go to moon and back 7 times
Enough office paper to build a wall 11 feet high between NYC and SF
Waste is part of economic growth, lets manage negatives
Before product is produced look to minimize life cycle
4) Develop products that are easier to repair, reuse, remanufacture, compost or recycle
5) Design products to last longer
6) Eliminate or reduce packaging (nude packaging)
What are advantages and disadvantages of burning solid waste?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of burying solid waste?
Typical Waste to Energy Plant (incinerator)
Fig. 24-14 p. 547
And what about all of the older landfills around U.S. and the rest of the world???
How can we reduce, reuse, recycle our waste?
Cleaning and using the material over and over again increasing the lifespan of the product
Junkyards and salvaging wood from old homes etc.
Many eke out living scavenging for waste in large open dumps
Shopping bags and tool libraries
What is recycling?
What is composting?
How should we recycle solid waste?
How much waste paper is being recycled?
How feasible is recycling plastics?
Why isn’t more reused and recycled?
Reprocessing solid waste into new useful products
5 Categories in US Household Recycling
How plastics are made
Did You Know?States with “bottle bills” (consumers receive a refund per returned bottle or can) have reduced their beverage container litter by 69–84% and total litter by 30–64%.
What is hazardous waste?
What can we do with hazardous waste?
How can we detoxify waste?
What are advantages and disadvantages of burying hazardous wastes?
What are Brownfields?
Any discarded solid or liquid that is toxic, ignitable, corrosive or reactive enough to explode or release toxic fumes.
Abandoned industrial and other hazardous waste site
One example of many in Camden: http://www.state.nj.us/dep//srp/brownfields/bda/n_camden.htm
Primary Sources of Lead
Sources of Dioxins
What is RCRA?
What is Superfund?
1976 Passed By Congress: amended 1984
Commonly called Superfund
1) ID abandoned dumps sites
2) Clean up groundwater
3) Establish NPL list for cleanups
Why do you think NJ has so many?