Introduction: Western Civilization in the Modern Era. The End of History and the Last Man - Francis Fukuyama 1992.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
The contemporary West at the end of the Cold War  is “the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government.”
The essential, undeniable fact is that the West was the first civilization in history to focus attention on the individual and on freedom…we have committed crimes, but we have also caused the whole of mankind to take a gigantic step forward and to leave its childhood behind.
The Betrayal of the West 1978 - Jacques Ellul
200,000 BCE – Homo sapiens
50,000 BCE – intellectually “us”
8,000 BCE – agriculture
5,000 BCE – civilization
1200 BCE – sky gods/monotheism
500 BCE – 500 CE“Classical” civilization
500 – 1500 CE – Middle Ages
II. The Roots of Modernity ca. 1500-1969
Collapse of Medieval Europe
100 Years War
Emphasis on human achievement- centrality of this life
Martin Luther / John Calvin
Individual & salvationNationalism & the state
Decline in Church Primacy
Exploration / colonization
Age of Revolutionsintellectual
economic / ecological