Is sex an addiction
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Is Sex an Addiction?. By: Kelly Dawald Minnesota State University Moorhead. Brief Overview. Addiction Sex Addiction Two Sides of Debate Evaluation of Sides Conclusion. What is Addiction?. Definition of addiction according to the DSM-III-R (Goodman, 1990) Powerlessness & Unmanageability

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Is Sex an Addiction?

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Is sex an addiction

Is Sex an Addiction?

By: Kelly Dawald

Minnesota State University Moorhead


Brief overview

Brief Overview

  • Addiction

  • Sex Addiction

  • Two Sides of Debate

  • Evaluation of Sides

  • Conclusion


What is addiction

What is Addiction?

  • Definition of addiction according to the DSM-III-R (Goodman, 1990)

    • Powerlessness & Unmanageability

  • Webster’s Definition of addiction (2006)

    • Psychological or physiological dependence on anything; a compulsion.

  • Permanent Disorder of the Brain (Psychology Today, 2004)


What is sex addiction

What is Sex Addiction?

  • Sexual activity that goes beyond normal practices to point of losing control(Ewald, 2003)

  • Consequences

  • Addicted to neuro-chemical changes


Sexual addiction

Sexual Addiction

  • 15 million people affected in U.S.(Carnes)

  • Characteristics of sex addiction(www.sexaddictionhelp.com)

    • Sex is shameful

    • Sex is a secret (e.g. Pastors)

    • Sexual behavior is abusive

  • Stems from an unhealthy childhood(Ewald, 2003)


Sexual addiction cont d

Sexual Addiction (Cont’d)

  • Narcissistic Personality(Birchard, 2004)

    • Carried into adulthood

    • Try to find ways to reduce pain, may turn into an addiction

  • Why addicted to sex?

    • Preoccupation with sex

    • Prevalence of sex in childhood


Sexual addiction cont d1

Sexual Addiction (Cont’d)

  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder(DSM-IV-TR)

    • Need for admiration

    • Fantasies

    • Interpersonally exploitative

    • Arrogant behaviors


Addiction cycle

Addiction Cycle

  • Four Stage Cycle(Hall, 2006)

    • Preoccupation Stage

    • Ritualization Stage

    • Engaging in Sexual Act

    • Despair

    • Repeat…


Media and the internet

Media and the Internet

  • Sex is everywhere(Longo-Disse, 2006)

  • Sex sells!

  • Accessibility to sex on internet

    • 4.2 million porn sites, 12% of all websites (Hall, 2006)

      “Virtual Cheating”(Daneback et al., 2006)


Dsm iv tr dependence

DSM-IV-TR Dependence

  • Criteria for dependence(Hagedorn & Juhnke, 2005)

    • Certain drugs listed don’t have any physiological dependence

    • 3 of 7 criteria has to be met

    • Tolerance and withdrawal not essential


Sex addiction evaluation

‘Sex Addiction’ Evaluation

  • Stems from childhood

  • Means of coping with psychological pain

  • Definition of addiction

  • Narcissistic Personality traits

  • Sex can be related to substances that are actually diagnosed as dependence


Is sex an addiction

Case Study


Labeling perspective

Labeling Perspective

  • Mental illnesses are culturally constructed because of ideas that deviate from the norm(Levine & Troiden, 1988)

  • Nominal Fallacy: give something a name to understand it

    • Circular Reasoning


Explanation for mental disorders

Explanation for Mental Disorders

  • Constructed by health professionals to create order in society(Levine & Troiden, 1988)

  • Placing stigmatizing labels to behaviors out of the norm

  • Feel better about the unknown when it has a name

    • Sense of understanding


Addiction

Addiction

  • Affected by certain primary factors(Peele, 2000)

    • Cultural

      • Social & Ethnic Factors

    • Situational

      • Traumatic, Developmental, & Ritualistic Factors

    • Cognitive

      • Beliefs & Social Learning

    • Values

      • Stable & Evolving Values


Sex is not an addiction evaluation

‘Sex is not an Addiction’ Evaluation

  • Mental disorders are socially constructed

  • Created to enforce conformity in society

  • Addiction is based off of your values


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Still a heated debate

  • Sex as an addiction has more scientific reasoning

  • Discussion of including sexual addiction and compulsivity into DSM-V (Delmonico, 2005)

  • Additional research needed


The end

THE END

  • Thank You

  • Questions?


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