The romantic age 1815 1848 the industrial revolution
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The Romantic Age, 1815 - 1848: The Industrial Revolution. “What’s that smell?”. Overview. The Industrial Revolution will be one of the most important shifts in human history It will begin in England, but at first as an Agricultural Revolution Topics Agricultural Revolution

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The romantic age 1815 1848 the industrial revolution
The Romantic Age, 1815 - 1848:The Industrial Revolution

“What’s that smell?”


Overview
Overview

The Industrial Revolution will be one of the most important shifts in human history

It will begin in England, but at first as an Agricultural Revolution

Topics

Agricultural Revolution

Industrial Revolution



Technological innovation
Technological Innovation

Seed Drill

New plow

Thresher


Enclosure
Enclosure

Old feudal land arrangements now useless

Parliament passed “enclosure” acts closing off common land

Led to higher crop yields



Why england
Why England?

Colonial Empire (land)

  • Available Capital (money)

  • Available workers (labor)


Textiles
Textiles

Spinning jenny

Flying shuttle

Cotton Gin

Steam Engine





Social changes
Social Changes

Landed nobility became less important

“Cotton Lords” & Entrepreneurs dominated society


Oliver; "Please, sir, I want some more."


The luddites
The Luddites

Attacks on the “frames” [power looms].

Ned Ludd [a mythical figure supposed to live in Sherwood Forest]


Classical economics
Classical Economics

“Manchester School”

Ideas

Free market, little government regulation, & no tariffs

“iron law of wages”

System is naturally occurring

Thomas Malthus

David Ricardo


Summary
Summary

For the lower classes, it was an improvement

Exploitation had existed before

Did allow for an increase in life expectancy

Upper classes, the bourgeoisie got richer and richer - intermarried with nobility

A new middle class formed

Factory managers, skilled labor

Lawyers, doctors, etc

Urbanization allowed for the rapid spread of ideas!

Newspapers and print culture


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