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Chapter 9. Communications and Networks. WWW. PALINFONET .COM. p. 6. Communications. notebook computers. Web-enabled PDAs. smart phones. servers. GPS receivers. desktop computers. mainframe computers. set-top boxes. Tablet PCs. Next. What are computer communications ?.

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Chapter 9

Chapter 9

Communications and Networks

WWW.PALINFONET.COM

p. 6


Communications

Communications

notebookcomputers

Web-enabledPDAs

smartphones

servers

GPS receivers

desktopcomputers

mainframecomputers

set-top boxes

Tablet PCs

Next

  • What are computercommunications?

  • Process in which two or more computers or devices transfer data, instructions, and information

p. 460 Fig. 9-1


Uses of computer communications

Uses of Computer Communications

Next

  • What are some uses of communications technology?

Internet

Web

E-Mail

InstantMessaging

Chat Rooms

Newsgroups

FTP

WebFolders

VideoConferencing

Fax Machine or Computer Fax/Modem

p. 463


Uses of computer communications1

Uses of Computer Communications

Internet telephony enables you to talk to other people over the Internet

Sometimes calledVoice over IP

Internet printingallows you to print to network printer from anywhere in the world

Next

  • What are Internet telephony and Internet printing?

p. 464


Uses of computer communications2

Uses of Computer Communications

Next

  • What are Web services?

  • Software that enables programmers to create applications that communicate with other remote computers

p. 464 Fig. 9-4


Uses of computer communications3

Uses of Computer Communications

Click to view video

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 9, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click GPSbelow Chapter 9

Next

  • What is a global positioning system (GPS)?

Step 1.GPS satellites orbit Earth. Every thousandth of a second, each satellite sends a signal that indicates its current position to the GPS server.

Step 2.A GPS receiver (such as in a car, a PDA, a watch, a handheld device, or a collar) determines its location on Earth by analyzing at least 3 separate satellite signals from the 24 satellites in orbit.

p. 464 Fig. 9-7


Uses of computer communications4

Uses of Computer Communications

Next

  • What are voice mail and wireless messaging services?

  • Voice mail is voice message converted to digital form

  • Wireless messaging services include:

    • Text Messaging

    • Instant Messaging

    • Picture Messaging

p. 468 Fig. 9-8


Networks

Networks

Next

  • What is a network?

  • Collection of computers and devices connected via communications devices and transmissionmedia

p. 469 Fig. 9-9


Networks1

Networks

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 9, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click LANbelow Chapter 9

Next

  • What is a local area network (LAN)?

  • Network in limited geographical area such as home or office building

  • Metropolitan area network (MAN) connects LANs in city or town

p. 471 Fig. 9-10


Networks2

Networks

Next

  • What is a wide area network (WAN)?

  • Network that covers large geographic area using many types of media

  • Internet is world’s largest WAN

p. 472 Fig. 9-11


Networks3

Networks

Next

  • What is a client/server network?

  • One or more computers act as server and other computers, or clients, access server

p. 472 Fig. 9-12


Networks4

Networks

Next

  • What is a peer-to-peer network?

  • Simple network that connects fewer than 10 computers

  • Each computer, or peer, has equal capabilities

p. 473 Fig. 9-13


Networks5

Networks

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 9, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click P2Pbelow Chapter 9

Next

  • What is Internet peer-to-peer (P2P)?

  • Enables users to connect to each other’s hard disks and exchange files directly

p. 473 Fig. 9-14


Networks6

Networks

Next

  • What is a bus network?

  • All computers and devices connect to central cable,or bus

  • Example of network topology (layout of devices in network)

    • Popular topologies are bus, ring, and star

p. 474 Fig. 9-15


Networks7

Networks

Next

  • What is a ring network?

  • Cable forms closed ring, or loop, with all computers and devices arranged along ring

  • Data travels from device to device around entire ring, in one direction

p. 474 Fig. 9-16


Networks8

Networks

Next

  • What is a star network?

  • All devices connect to a central device, called hub

  • All data transferred from one computer to another passes through hub

p. 475 Fig. 9-17


Networks9

Networks

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 9, Click Web Link from left navigation,

then click Ethernetbelow Chapter 9

Next

  • What are Ethernet and token ring?

  • Ethernet technology allows computers to contend for access to network

    • If two computers send data at same time, a collision occurs and computers must send again

Token ring technology controls access to network by requiring devices to pass a special signal, calledtoken

p. 475


Networks10

Networks

Next

  • What are TCP/IP and 802.11?

  • TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) technology transmits data by breaking it up into small pieces, or packets

    • Commonly used for Internet transmissions

  • 802.11 is family of standards for wireless LANs

p. 476 Fig. 9-18


Networks11

Networks

Next

  • What is Bluetooth?

  • Short-range radio waves transmitdatabetweenBluetoothdevices

p. 476 Fig. 9-19


Networks12

Networks

Click to view video

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 9, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click WAPbelow Chapter 9

Next

What are IrDA, RFID, and Wireless Applications Protocol (WAP)?

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)uses radio signals to communicatewith a tag placed in an object

IrDAspecification allows data to be transferred wirelessly via infrared light waves

Wireless Applications Protocol (WAP)allow wireless mobile devices to access Internet

p. 476


Communications over the telephone network

Communications Over the Telephone Network

Next

  • What is the public switched telephone network (PSTN)?

  • Worldwide telephone system that handles voice-oriented telephone calls

p. 480 Fig. 9-22


Communications over the telephone network1

Communications Over the Telephone Network

Next

  • What is a dial-up line?

  • Temporary connection using telephone line for communications

  • Costs no more than making regular call

  • Computers at any two locations can establish a connection using modems and telephone network

p. 480 Fig. 9-23


Communications over the telephone network2

Communications Over the Telephone Network

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 9, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click DSLbelow Chapter 9

Next

  • What is an ADSL (asymmetric digital subscriber line)?

  • Popular type of DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)

  • Faster when receiving data than when sending data

    • Ideal for Internet access

p. 482 Fig. 9-25


Communications devices

Communications Devices

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 9, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click Dial-Up Modems below Chapter 9

Next

  • What is a dial-up modem?

  • Converts digital signals to analog signals and vice versa

  • Notebook computers often use PC Card modem

p. 483 Figs. 9-26–9-27


Communications devices1

Communications Devices

Next

  • What are ISDN and DSL modems?

Communications devices that send and receive digital ISDN and DSL signals

Usually external devices in which one end connects to a telephone line and the other end connects to a port on the system unit

p. 484


Communications devices2

Communications Devices

Next

  • What is a network card?

  • Adapter card, PC Card, or compact flash card that enables computer or device to access network

  • Sometimes called network interface card (NIC)

p. 485 Fig. 9-29


Communications devices3

Communications Devices

Next

  • What is a wireless access point?

  • Central communications device that allows computers and devices to transfer data wirelessly among themselves or to wired network

p. 485 Fig. 9-30


Communications devices4

Communications Devices

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 9, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click Routersbelow Chapter 9

Next

  • What is a router?

  • Connects computers and transmits data to correct destination on network

  • Routers forward data on Internet using fastest available path

p. 486 Fig. 9-31


Communications devices5

Communications Devices

Click to view animation

Next

  • What is a hub?

  • Device that provides central point for cables in network

p. 486 Fig. 9-32


Home networks

Home Networks

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 9, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click Home Networks below Chapter 9

Next

  • What is a home network?

  • Multiple computers connected in home

  • Several types of home networks

    • Ethernet— connect computers via cable

    • Powerline cable— use electrical lines in house

    • Phoneline— use telephone lines

    • HomeRF (radio frequency)— wireless

p. 487 Fig. 9-33


Communications channel

Communications Channel

Next

  • How is a request sent over the Internet using a communications channel?

Step 1.The sending device requests information using either a physical transmission media or a wireless transmission media.

Step 2.When the request leaves the ISP, it travels over T1 lines, microwave stations, earth-based stations, and communications satellites until it reaches the Internet backbone.

Step 3.The request travels over T3 lines along the Internet backbone.

Step 4.The Request travels over T1 lines until it reaches the destination network server.

p. 489 Fig. 9-34


Physical transmission media

Physical Transmission Media

Next

  • What are twisted-pair cable and coaxial cable?

  • Twisted-pair cable is used for telephone systems and network cabling

  • Coaxial cable is often used for cable television wiring

p. 490 Fig. 9-36—9-37


Physical transmission media1

Physical Transmission Media

Next

  • What is fiber-optic cable?

  • Capable of carrying significantly more data at faster speeds than wire cables

  • Less susceptible to interference (noise) and, therefore, more secure

  • Smaller size (thinner and lighter)

p. 491 Fig. 9-38


Wireless transmission media

Wireless Transmission Media

Next

  • What is a microwave station?

  • Earth-based reflective dish used for microwave communications

  • Must transmit in straight line with no obstructions

p. 493 Fig. 9-41


Wireless transmission media1

Wireless Transmission Media

Next

  • What is a communications satellite?

  • Space station that receives microwave signals from earth-based station, amplifies signals, and broadcasts signals back to any number of earth-based stations

p. 494 Fig. 9-42


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