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【9A】Chapter4 Fishing with birds. 沈阳市 143 中学 王天赤. Class design arrangement. 1. Presentation new words 2. P52--53 3. P54—55. Reading 3. 1.Explain passive voice 2.Exercise P56--59. Language 2. Speaking 1. Describing people. ListeningWriting2.

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9a chapter4 fishing with birds

【9A】Chapter4 Fishing with birds

沈阳市143中学

王天赤


Class design arrangement

1. Presentation new words

2. P52--53

3. P54—55

Reading3

1.Explain passive voice

2.Exercise P56--59

Language 2

Speaking 1

Describing people

ListeningWriting2

Traditional Chinese skills

More practice1

1.Read and answer questions

2.Explain in detail



Do you like travelling?

Have you seen any traditional occupations or skills which are disappearing in China as it develops more modern?


weaving

carving


brede

paper cutting


A traditional chinese skill

A traditional Chinese skill

Cormorant fishing


Match the words with the pictures
Match the words with the pictures.

cross

cormorant

raft

net

rod

neck




Look quickly at the article and write the numbers
Look quickly at the article and write the numbers.

Paragraph __ describes a kind of bird.

Paragraph __ is about the future of this type of work.

Paragraph __ describes an old man.

Paragraph __ describes how the man works.

2

4

1

3


  • 根据句意及首字母提示填写正确形式的单词

  • Although he is an e______ man, he is as active as

  • the young men.

  • 2. He is s________ at dealing with complaints.

  • 3. This plan r________ careful thought.

  • 4. Chew (咀嚼) your food properly before s_______ it.

  • 5. It’s t__________ in China to eat dumplings on New Year’s Eve (除夕).

  • 6. Giraffes have very long n_____.

  • 7. She was f__________ of the fierce dog.

lderly

killed

equires

wallowing

raditional

ecks

rightened


  • 将下列句子改写成同义句

  • I think, one hundred years later, there will be no

  • more cormorant fishermen.

  • I think, one hundred years later, there will ___ be cormorant fishermen any ____________ .

  • 2. The fisherman took the fish away from the birds’ mouths and threw them into the basket.

  • The fish were _________ from the birds’ mouths and ________ into the basket.

  • 3. He is too young to drive a car. He is _______ _______ _______ to drive a car.

  • 4. They set off for school at 7:00 every day.

  • They _______ _______ for school at 7:00 every day.

not

more/longer

removed

thrown

not old enough

set out


Language passive voice
Language :passive voice

  • A Active and passive sentences

  • B Passive sentences that tell us who or what does something

  • C Passive verb forms


将主动语态变被动语态的基本方法为:

①将主动语态的宾语作被动语态的主语;

②谓语动词变为“be+及物动词的过去分词”,并通

过be的变化来表达出不同的时态;

③主动语态的主语变为介词by的宾语,组成介词短

语放在被动结构中的谓语动词之后(有时by短

语可以省略)。

Xiao Liuhas invitedyou to a lunch party.

Youhas been invited to a lunch party by Xiao Liu.

此处也可详见56页A3


语态转换时所注意的问题

  • 把主动语态变为被动语态时,其谓语动词的时态要与原句时态保持一致,其谓语动词的数要与新主语保持一致。We have bought a new computer.  A new computer has been bought. (正确)   A new computer have been bought. (错误) 

  • 把主动语态的主语变为介词by的宾语,放在被动语态里谓语动词之后,by短语可以省略。如果原句主语是地点名词,在被动语态中用in+地点名词作状语。如:My aunt invited me to her dinner party.   I was invited to her dinner party (by my aunt ).The school set up a special class to help poor readers.  A special class to help poor readers was set up in the school.  详见课本P57的B部分练习


感官动词和使役动词的被动语态

  • see, watch, hear, notice,  make, feel等动词后作宾语补足语的动词不定式都不带to,但改成被动语态后都带to,这时不定式为主语补足语,也就是说不定式作主语补足语不存在省略to的问题。 

  • We often hear him play the guitar.  He is often heard to play the guitar.  The earthquake made the road fall onto another one below.  The road was made to fall onto another one below by the earthquake.


由动词+介词或副词构成的短语动词,要把它们作为整体看,即把它们看成一个及物动词,介词或副词不可拆开或漏掉。

  • 这类动词有:  不及物动词+ 介词,如: agree to, ask for, laugh at, operated on, listen to, look after, think of, talk about等。 

  •   及物动词+ 副词:如:bring about, carry out, find out, give up, hand in, make out, pass on, point out, put away, put off, think over, turn down, work out, turn out等。

  • 例句The baby should be looked after well.

    The sports meet will be put off 


Feel look seem taste sound remain
感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:feel,look, seem, taste, sound, remain等。

——Do you like the material?  ——Yes, it feels very soft.  误:It is felt very soft.  The food tastes delicious.  误:The food is tasted delicious.  The pop music sounds beautiful.  误:The pop music is sounded beautiful. 


中 考 链 接感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:


I. 感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:单项选择。

1. Our house ______ now.

A. was painted B. is being painted

C. is painted D. has painted

2. He arrived in Beijing, where he ______ his friend.

A. was met by B. was met C. is met D. met by

3. The mistakes in the exercises will _____ the teacher.

A. being crossed B. be crossing

C. be crossed by D. crossed by

4. My brother and I have ______ her birthday party.

A. been invited B. been invited for

C. invited to D. been invited to

5. The sports meeting ____ .

A. is put off B. is to put off C. has put off D. puts off

B

A

C

D

A


  • II. 感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:把下列句子变成主动或被动语态。

  • The teacher asked the students to clean the

  • classroom immediately.

  • The students ______ ______ ______ clean the classroom immediately.

  • 2. My sister is watching the football match on TV.

  • The football match _______ _____ _________ on TV ______ ______ _____.

  • 3. They had produced 100 tractors by the end of last year.

  • 100 tractors _______ _____ __________ by the end of last year.

  • 4. I shall send my boy to school next year.

  • My boy ______ _______ _______ to school next year.

were asked to

is being watched

by my sister

had been produced

will be sent


5. We must keep this in mind.感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:

This ______ _______ _______ in mind.

6. These days, works of art are produced by artists.

Artists _________ works of art these days.

7. A lot of enjoyment is given to these people by

these parties.

These parties ___________ a lot of enjoyment

_________ these people.

8. Alice has sent a letter to the office. A letter _______ _______ ________ to the office.

9. The man saw the children playing in the street.

The children _______ ______ ______ in the

street by the man.

must be kept

produce

give

to

has been sent

were seen playing


Speaking

Speaking感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:

describing people


build感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:

fat/plump

thinly-built

thin/slim

well-built


height感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:

below average height

above average height

of average height


age-group感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:

elderly

young

middle-aged


head/face感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:

beard

bald

blond

moustache


hair style感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:

straight

long

short

curly


Listening

Listening感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:

Correcting mistakes in a picture.


Bund感官系动词一般用主动形式表示被动意义,如:

One day I was walking near the _____, when I saw a small group of people. I walked over to see what they were looking at. In the middle of the crowd, there was a ____ old man. He was wearing a _____ hat on his head. He was dressed in a dark shirt and trousers, and _____ shoes. In his hands he was holding a ______ pair of scissors. He was cutting

something carefully, using black paper.

short

little

black

small


A young girl sat on a _____ in front of him. She was looking up at her _____, who was standing near her. The girl had lovely, ____ hair. Then I realized that the man was cutting a picture of her. A sign next to the man said: ’Paper Picture, _______. One man in the crowd was holding a black paper picture. He was showing it to a woman. She was ________ at the picture.

chair

mother

long

500yuan

laughing


I watched the old man carefully. He was very skillful. I thought about having my picture done, but then I looked up at the clock. It was ______. Time for dinner. I left the little crowd, and went towards the underground station.

6p.m.


Writing
Writing thought about having my picture done, but then I looked up at the clock. It was ______. Time for dinner. I left the little crowd, and went towards the underground station.

a.Write a short article describing an old person,like Damin,who has a

traditional skill or job

b. Write a short article describing

someone skilled in the art of

dough sculpting.


thought about having my picture done, but then I looked up at the clock. It was ______. Time for dinner. I left the little crowd, and went towards the underground station.面塑介绍】面塑,俗称面花、礼馍、花糕、捏面人。它以糯米 面为主料,调成不同色彩,用手和简单工具,塑造各种栩栩如生的形象。山东面塑起源于菏泽,至今已有三百多年的历史。旧社会的面塑艺人“只为谋生故,含泪走四方”,挑担提盒,走乡串镇,做于街头,成于瞬间,深受群众喜爱,但他们的作品却被视为一种小玩意儿,是不能登上大雅之堂的。如今,面塑艺术作为珍贵的非物质文化遗产受到重视,小玩意儿也走入了艺术殿堂。

  捏面艺人,根据所需随手取材,在手中几经捏、搓、揉、掀,用 小竹刀灵巧地点、切、刻、划、塑成身、手、头面,披上发饰和衣裳,顷刻之间,栩栩如生的艺术形象便脱手而成。婀娜多姿、衣裙飘逸的美女、天真料漫的儿童,以及各种神话故事、戏剧、历史人物精致的玻璃框内,就成为人们喜爱的工艺美术品。


Useful words thought about having my picture done, but then I looked up at the clock. It was ______. Time for dinner. I left the little crowd, and went towards the underground station.

eyesight n.视力

He has good eyesight.

他的视力很好。

creative adj. 创造性的

Painters are creative artists.

画家是具有创造性的艺术家。


mix thought about having my picture done, but then I looked up at the clock. It was ______. Time for dinner. I left the little crowd, and went towards the underground station.vt.混合,融合

mixture n.

You can’t mix oil with water.

你不能把油和水混合。

style n. 风格

The letter is written in a formal style.

这封信是用正式文体写的


detailed thought about having my picture done, but then I looked up at the clock. It was ______. Time for dinner. I left the little crowd, and went towards the underground station.adj.细致的,精细的

He owns a detailed miniature of the Titanic.

他有一艘泰坦尼克号的精致小模型。

ritual adj. 礼节性的,(宗教等的)仪式一部分的。

banquet n. 宴会

offering n.祭品


thought about having my picture done, but then I looked up at the clock. It was ______. Time for dinner. I left the little crowd, and went towards the underground station.面塑的特点】

  面塑艺术的特点是“一印、二捏、三镶、四滚”(泥塑的步骤),还有“文的胸、武的肚、老人的背脊、美女的腰。

  面塑体积小、便于携带,又经久不霉、不裂、不变形、不褪色,因此为旅游者喜爱,是馈赠亲友的纪念佳品。外国旅游者在参观面人制作时,都为艺人娴熟的技艺、千姿百态栩栩如生的人物形象所倾倒,交口赞誉,称北京面塑为“中国的雕塑”。

【面塑的起源】

  捏面人真正始自何时已不可考。但从新疆土鲁番阿斯塔那唐墓出土的面制人俑和小猪来推断,距今至少已有一千三百四十多年了。南宋《东京梦华录》中对捏面人也有记载:“以油面糖蜜造如笑靥儿。”那时的面人都是能吃的,谓之为“果食”。而民间对捏面人还有一个传说,相传三国孔明征伐南蛮,在渡芦江时忽遇狂风大作,机智的孔明随即以面料制成人头与牲礼模样来祭拜江神,说也奇怪,部队安然渡江并顺利平定南蛮,因而从此凡执此业者均供奉孔明为祖师爷。


Sample
Sample thought about having my picture done, but then I looked up at the clock. It was ______. Time for dinner. I left the little crowd, and went towards the underground station.

Chen Huaming is a dough sculptor. He is very skillful and has good eyesight. He also works well with his hands. Chen is quite patient because dough sculpting takes a long time and a lot of effort. His creative imagination helps him think of interesting things to make. When he works, he wears simple, old clothes. They usually get dirty when he works.


The skill of dough making is often learnt from family members. Chen’s father started teaching him when he was only five years old. The materials needed are easy to get and the preparation is simple. Water, wheat flour and

glutinous wheat flour are mixed together, boiled and then allowed to cool down. Adding chemicals helps the dough to last longer. Only very simple tools are used to shape the dough.


Chen works either at his home or in a studio. He turns the basic mixture into shapes. These shapes have many different sizes and colours and there are a lot of influences on his style. He likes to show ancient Chinese culture in his works and the shapes can be very detailed. Chen thinks that dough figures are a very good thing to collect.


The ancient Chinese craft of dough sculpting first appeared in the Han Dynasty (206 BC —220). During the Song Dynasty, the colourful figures decorated banquets. In later years, they were used as ritual offerings to gods or weddings and festivals. They were most popular during the Qing Dynasty (1644 — 1911). Sadly fascinating art is quickly disappearing, like many other traditional crafts. In a few years, it could disappear completely.


More practice

More practice in the Han Dynasty (206 BC —220). During the Song Dynasty, the colourful figures decorated banquets. In later years, they were used as ritual offerings to gods or weddings and festivals. They were most popular during the Qing Dynasty (1644 — 1911). Sadly fascinating art is quickly disappearing, like many other traditional crafts. In a few years, it could disappear completely.

Can you guess?


Riddle
Riddle in the Han Dynasty (206 BC —220). During the Song Dynasty, the colourful figures decorated banquets. In later years, they were used as ritual offerings to gods or weddings and festivals. They were most popular during the Qing Dynasty (1644 — 1911). Sadly fascinating art is quickly disappearing, like many other traditional crafts. In a few years, it could disappear completely.

It’s brown . When you put some dry leaves into the hot water, you can have the drink. It’s healthy for your body. Fujian, Hangzhou are famous for it.

?


Story about tea
Story about tea in the Han Dynasty (206 BC —220). During the Song Dynasty, the colourful figures decorated banquets. In later years, they were used as ritual offerings to gods or weddings and festivals. They were most popular during the Qing Dynasty (1644 — 1911). Sadly fascinating art is quickly disappearing, like many other traditional crafts. In a few years, it could disappear completely.

green tea

new green leaves

red tea, black tea

dry tea leaves

white tea

oolong tea

flower tea

flowers


Find the words in the passage and match them with meanings 1
Find the words in the passage and match them with meanings (1).

majority

remove

reduce

processed

transported

take away

sth. done to material to change or preserve it

carried from one place to another

the greater number

make less

More practice


Find the words in the passage and match them with meanings 2
Find the words in the passage and match them with meanings (2).

regular

popular

contain

truly

properties

usual; normal

liked by a large number of people

be correct; be genuine

keep or have inside

characteristics that sth. has


Questions
Questions (2).

  • Where does all tea come from?

  • Why did people invent black tea?

  • In many western countries, which kind of tea do they like best?




Useful expressions
Useful expressions (2).

1.regular tea普通茶 herbal tea草药茶

2.organic tea有机茶non-organic tea无机茶

3.by hand靠手工

4. be processed into被加工成

5.in the Ming Dynasty在明朝

6.the majority of the world世界的多数人

7. the risk of getting cancer得癌症的风险

8.in recent years在近几年

9. in the same way用相同的方法


How many types of tea are there in china where do they come from
How many types of tea are there in China? (2).Where do they come from?


Write the name of the province or tea
Write the name of the province or tea (2).

Oolong __________________________

Pu’er tea__________________________

Tieguanyin tea__________________

Biluochun tea __________________

Maofeng tea __________________

Yunwu tea __________________

Tuo tea __________________

Longjing tea __________________

__________________

__________________

Fujian, Taiwan and Guangdong

Yunnan Province

Fujian Province

Jiangsu Province

Anhui Province

Jiangxi Province

Yunnan Province

Zhejiang Province


初三的生活还是忙碌乏味的,但苦中作乐就如饮茶一般,愿所有同仁经过努力奋斗的一年都苦尽甘来初三的生活还是忙碌乏味的,但苦中作乐就如饮茶一般,愿所有同仁经过努力奋斗的一年都苦尽甘来


Thanks for listening初三的生活还是忙碌乏味的,但苦中作乐就如饮茶一般,愿所有同仁经过努力奋斗的一年都苦尽甘来


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