Overview of the EU’s competition policy. PhDr. Jan Havlík M.A. Politics and Policies of the European union 12. 4. 2007. Outline. Why do we need competition policy? DG Competition The three pillars of EU Competition Policy DG Competition: Decision Making Process State aid Seminar activity.
PhDr. Jan Havlík M.A.
Politics and Policies of the European union
12. 4. 2007
Restrictive agreements and concerted practices
Abuse of a dominant position and control of mergers
Undue State intervention
Agreements which cause an appreciable restriction of Competition, such as e.g. price fixing or market sharing (and affect trade between Member States)
Behaviour which constitutes an abuse of a dominant position, such as e.g. tying or discrimination (and affects trade between Member States).
(Art. 2 of Regulation No 4064/89)
Operation which creates or strengthens a dominant position which impedes effective competition.
(Art. 87 of the EC Treaty)
Any aid granted by a Member State which distorts competition by favouring certain undertakings, in so far as it affects trade, shall be incompatible with the common market
Four criteria defining State aid:
The Commission can take action through different ways
Notification Ex-officio Complaint
Statement of Objections
(Court of First Instance, Court of Justice)