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Manual v2.0 Changes and DAERS. Lawrence Allan (HJF – DAIDS) Dr. Oluwadamilola Ogunyankin (RSC Safety Office). November 15, 2010 HVTN Network Meeting. Seattle, WA. Objectives. Expedited Reporting Policy Distinguish changes in Manual v2.0 Define key terms New algorithm for reportability

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Manual v2 0 changes and daers

Manual v2.0 Changes and DAERS

Lawrence Allan (HJF – DAIDS)

Dr. Oluwadamilola Ogunyankin (RSC Safety Office)

November 15, 2010

HVTN Network Meeting. Seattle, WA


Objectives
Objectives

  • Expedited Reporting Policy

  • Distinguish changes in Manual v2.0

    • Define key terms

    • New algorithm for reportability

    • Causality assessment

  • Distinguish DAERS changes for Manual v2.0


Manual for expedited reporting version 2 0
Manual for Expedited Reporting Version 2.0

  • Manual v2.0 (dated Jan 2010) has been issued and posted on Regulatory Support Center (RSC) website

  • Primary goal of this revision is to align expedited reporting to International Conference on Harmonization – Serious Adverse Event (ICH-SAE) definition

    • Fulfill the DAIDS’ regulatory requirements to Federal Drug Administration (FDA)

    • Fulfill the DAIDS’ obligations to industry collaborators


Highlights major changes
Highlights: Major Changes

  • Categories of expedited reporting

  • Clarification of Definitions

  • Terms used in the assessment of Relationship to Study Agent

  • Submission of updates

    • Event resolution

    • Increase in event severity of ongoing AEs

  • Timeframe for expedited AE reporting

    • Reporting days

    • Site investigator assessment and signature timeframe




Expedited reporting of adverse events to daids
Expedited Reporting of Adverse Events to DAIDS

Two Reporting Categories:

The protocol (and any applicable Letter of Amendment) will specify which reporting category will be used

SAE - All Serious Adverse Events

SUSAR- OnlySuspected, Unexpected, Serious Adverse Reactions


Sae reporting category
SAE Reporting Category

  • Report to DAIDS:

  • AllSeriousAdverseEvents

    • Regardless of relationship


Sae definition ich e2a
SAE Definition (ICH E2A)

A serious adverse event (SAE) is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose:

  • Results in death

  • Is life-threatening

  • Requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization

  • Results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity

  • Is a congenital anomaly/birth defect

  • Is an important medical event that may not be immediately life-threatening or result in death or hospitalization but may jeopardize the patient or may require intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes listed in the definition above


Clarification on sae definition life threatening
Clarification on SAE Definition: Life-Threatening

Life-threatening refers to an event in which the patient was at risk of death at the time of the event

  • It does not refer to an event, which hypothetically, might have caused death if it were more severe (e.g. malignancy)

  • Grade 4 events are referred to as potentially life-threatening events as defined in the DAIDS AE Grading Table; a Grade 4 event does not automatically meet SAE criteria

    • Asymptomatic male subject presents with AST & ALT > 400 IU/L

    • Asymptomatic female subject presents with a Hgb of 6.5 g/dL

      • Both events are Grade 4 events (per the AE grading table), but neither subject is “…at risk of death at the time of the event.”


Clarification on sae definition hospitalization
Clarification on SAE Definition: Hospitalization

The following types of hospitalization DO NOT require expedited reporting to DAIDS:

  • Any admission unrelated to an AE (e.g. for labor/delivery, cosmetic surgery, administrative or social admission for temporary placement due to lack of a place to sleep)

  • Protocol-specified admission (e.g. for a procedure required by protocol)

  • Admission for diagnosis or therapy of a condition that existed before receipt of study agent(s) and has not increased in severity or frequency as judged by the clinical investigator

    NOTE: Hospitalization is not an AE, but is an outcome


Clarification on sae definition congenital anomaly birth defect
Clarification on SAE Definition: Congenital Anomaly/Birth Defect

Do not report clinically insignificant physical findings at birth, including those regarded as normal variants.

  • Report clinically significant anomalies and include all other findings (even if not individually significant).

  • Example: An isolated finding of polydactyly or Mongolian spot in an infant with no other findings would not be reported but polydactyly or Mongolian spot occurring with a major cardiac defect would be included in the SAE report of the major cardiac defect.

    NOTE: DAIDS clarification


Susar reporting category
SUSAR Reporting Category Defect

  • Report to DAIDS:

  • AllSerious Adverse Events

    • that are Unexpected

    • and Related


Susar reporting category1
SUSAR Reporting Category Defect

Used for some non-Investigational New Drug (non-IND) studies/trials using U.S. FDA-approved agents with approved dosages for approved indications in typical populations

  • At the discretion of DAIDS

    NOTE: Since the majority of HVTN protocols are for unapproved vaccine products, the SAE reporting category would apply most of the time.


Susar reporting category2
SUSAR Reporting Category Defect

For many HVTN studies, SUSAR reporting is used during the period of extended surveillance, after the main study reporting period has been completed

  • For a particular participant, “Main Study Reporting Period” typically means from study enrollment until completion of the main study or discontinuation from study participation

  • If the protocol specifies an extended period of surveillance via annual contacts, this period is known as the “Annual Health Contact Period” (after main study period, continuing for X years thereafter)

  • During the annual health contact period, only SUSARs are reported


Sae vs susar examples
SAE vs. SUSAR examples Defect

Hospitalization for lithium overdose, 9 months since last vaccination, 3 months after termination from the study. Assessed by site PI as not related. Identified during Annual Health Contact reporting period, SUSAR category of reporting

  • SAE: Yes (Hospitalization)

  • SUSAR: No

  • Category of reporting per protocol: SUSAR

  • Reportable: No


Sae vs susar examples1
SAE vs. SUSAR examples Defect

Marked injection site muscle atrophy with arm weakness affecting ADLs reported during an annual health contact visit,1 year after last study visit, 18 months since last vaccination. Considered related due to anatomical location and an isolated similar finding in animal toxicity studies. Identified during Annual Health Contact reporting period

  • SAE: Yes (Important medical event)

  • SUSAR: Yes

  • Category of reporting per protocol: SUSAR

  • Reportable: Yes

    NOTE: All SUSARs are SAEs, NOT all SAEs are SUSARs


Reporting category sae or susar
Reporting Category: SAE or SUSAR Defect

Additional reporting requirements:

  • A protocol may require other AEs to be reported on an expedited basis

    • e.g. all liver toxicities (regardless of seriousness or severity)

  • The protocol will specify the additional AEs to be reported to DAIDS


EXPEDITED REPORTING Defect

PROCESS


Adverse events not requiring expedited reporting to daids
Adverse Events Not Requiring Expedited Reporting to DAIDS Defect

  • An SAE occurring before exposure to a study agent.

  • Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS), even if the event otherwise meets the reporting criteria. IRIS is an intense immune reaction that may result from a response to HIV treatment and is an anticipated event for antiretroviral therapies.


Updated information
Updated Information Defect

Sites must follow each AE until the AE is resolved or stable. For each event reported to DAIDS, sites are required to submit an updated report as soon as significant additional information becomes available. The following are examples that must be submitted:

  • An updated report documenting the stable or resolved outcome of the AE, unless the initial report included a final outcome

  • Any change in the assessment of the severity grade of the AE or the relationship between the AE and the study agent

  • Additional significant information on a previously reported AE [e.g., cause of death, results of re-challenge]

  • A change in the primary AE term from what was previously reported



Reporting timeframe
Reporting Timeframe Defect

Within 3 reporting days of site awareness that an event fulfills the protocol-defined criteria for expedited reporting to DAIDS

  • “Reporting Days” criteria:

    • Starts at 12:00 a.m. and ends at 11:59 p.m. (local time)

    • A day is counted as a reporting day regardless of the time of day that awareness occurred.

    • Monday through Friday count as reporting days.

    • Saturday and Sunday not considered reporting days.

    • Any holiday (U.S. or in-country/local) that occurs on a Monday through Friday counts as a reporting day.


Site investigator signature
Site Investigator Signature Defect

A site physician investigator or sub-investigator listed on the 1572 or the IoR Agreement must:

  • Review and verify the completed report for accuracy and completeness

  • Sign the report

    NOTE: This physician makes the site’s final assessment of the relationship to study agent(s)


Daers
DAERS Defect

For sites where DAERS has been implemented, ALL expedited adverse events and supporting information MUST be submitted to DAIDS using DAERS

  • Use DAIDS EAE reporting form 2.0 if DAERS has not been implemented, or if the system is unavailable for technical reasons.


ASSESSMENT OF Defect

ADVERSE EVENTS



Grading severity of events
Grading Severity of Events Defect

All events reported to DAIDS in an expedited timeframe must be graded for severity.

  • Grading does not determine reportability to DAIDS.

  • Division of AIDS (DAIDS) Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events Version 1.0 - December 2004 (Clarification dated August 2009)



Relationship assessment
Relationship Assessment Defect

The terms used to assess the relationship of an event to study agent are:

Related – There is a reasonable possibility that the AE may be related to the study agent(s).

Not Related– There is not a reasonable possibility that the AE is related to the study agent(s).


Relationship assessment1
Relationship Assessment Defect

When an SAE is assessed as “not related” to study agent(s), an alternative etiology, diagnosis, or explanation for the SAE should be provided.

  • If new information becomes available, the relationship assessment of any AE should be reviewed again and updated as required.


Scharp s ae log crfs
SCHARP’s AE Log CRFs Defect

SCHARP currently has 2 versions of the AE Log CRF.

  • One has 5 relationship categories (Definelty, Probably, Possibly, Probably Not, or Not Related)

  • The other has 2 relationship categories (Related or Not Related)

  • All ongoing studies will continue to use the five category AE Log CRF

  • All new studies (as well as HVTN 505 and LTFU), will use the two category AE Log CRF.


  • Scharp s ae log crfs1
    SCHARP’s AE Log CRFs Defect

    For those studies using the five category AE Log CRF, but EAE Manual Version 2, please consider the following “mapping” guidance when documenting the SAE relationship in DAERS and on the AE Log CRF

    • “Mapping Strategy for Relationship Assessments Using Manual Version 2.0”

      Manual V1.0 Manual V2.0

      Definitely related Related

      Probably relatedRelated

      Possibly relatedRelated

      Probably not relatedNot Related

      Not related Not Related

    • This mapping strategy will be used during AE/EAE Reconciliation.


    Expectedness
    Expectedness Defect

    Expected AEs are events that have been previously observed with use of the study agent(s). It is not based on what might be anticipated from the pharmacological properties of the study agent.

    • Listed in the investigator’s brochure (IB)

    • SAE reporting category:

      • Sponsor to determine expectedness

    • SUSAR reporting category:

      • Site physician to determine expectedness


    Expectedness1
    Expectedness Defect

    For unapproved products: Expected AEs are determined on the basis of the IB. Events are unexpected if:

    • Not listed in the IB

    • Occur at a specificity/severity that has not been previously observed

    • Expected based on the drug class, but not yet observed with the specific drug in this drug class

    • Occur at a greater frequency than anticipated


    Daers case review and demonstration

    DAERS CASE REVIEW Defect ANDDEMONSTRATION


    Case study
    Case Study Defect

    • 10 Nov 2010 – Subject enrolled into the study and randomized; receives 1st administration of study vaccine:

      • MRKAd5 HIV-1 gag/pol/nef OR Placebo for MRKAd5

    • 13 Nov 2010 – Subject presents to the ER complaining of sudden onset of severe abdominal pain (no previous history of GI issues or alcohol abuse), and is admitted for further testing and evaluation. Labs on admission were significant for elevated lipase (350 IU/L; normal 7 - 60 IU/L).

    • 15 Nov 2010 – Subject contacts the site and notifies them that she was admitted, and remains hospitalized.


    Reporter and site information
    Reporter and Site Information Defect

    • Site Awareness Date: “…when the clinical research site recognizes that an event fulfills the protocol-defined criteria for expedited reporting to DAIDS.”

      • Date serious adverse event (SAE) occurred

        • 13 Nov 2010

      • Date site aware event occurred at a reportable level

        • 15 Nov 2010


    Timeline for submission
    Timeline for Submission Defect

    Must submit within 3 ‘reporting days’ of site awareness


    Primary adverse event1
    Primary Adverse Event Defect

    • Seriousness Criteria (select appropriate ICH-SAE criteria; more than one criteria can be selected)

      • Requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization

    • Primary Adverse Event

      • Abdominal Pain

    • Severity Grade

      • 4 – Potentially life-threatening


    Primary adverse event continued
    Primary Adverse Event (continued) Defect

    • Onset Date: The date the primary adverse event first occurred at the level requiring expedited reporting

      • 13 Nov 2010

    • Country of AE Origin: The country where the event occurred; may not necessarily be the same where the clinical site is located

      • USA

    • Status Code at Most Recent Observation: The status code of the subject at the most recent observation

      • Not Recovered/Not Resolved

    • Status Date: Date of the most recent observation of the subject

      • 15 Nov 2010


    Case narrative
    Case Narrative Defect

    Provide information on reported primary AE

    • Describe the clinical course, therapeutic measures, outcome, relevant past medical history, concomitant medication(s), alternative etiologies, any contributing factors, and all other relevant information.

      NOTE: Any significant information that doesn’t have a field in DAERS can be included in the case narrative (e.g., results of a re-challenge).


    Study agent
    Study Agent Defect

    • Not a free text field

    • Choose study agent from drop down menu

      • MRKAd5 HIV-1 gag/pol/nef OR Placebo for MRKAd5

    • Exposure to and duration of use of study agent important information to assess the case

      • Ensure accuracy of information

      • If unsure, please note that the date is estimated


    Study agent continued
    Study Agent (continued) Defect

    • Relationship of Study Agent to Primary AE

      • Related

    • Dose

      • 1 milliliter

    • Date of First Dose

      • 10 Nov 2010

    • Date of Last Dose: The date the subject took the last dose prior to onset of the adverse event

      • 10 Nov 2010


    Study agent continued1
    Study Agent (continued) Defect

    • Action Taken: Enter the study physician’s action taken with the study agent after awareness of the SAE

      • Temporarily Held

    • Action Date: Date has to be on or after the site awareness date (i.e., study physician can take action with study agent only after site is aware AE has occurred at a reportable level). If action taken is “Course Completed” or “Off Study Agent at AE Onset” action date can be left blank.

      • 15 Nov 2010


    Concomitant medications laboratory and diagnostic tests
    Concomitant medications Defect Laboratory and Diagnostic tests

    Concomitant Medications:

    • None

      Other Events: List other clinically significant signs and symptoms that more fully describe the nature, severity, and/or complications of the primary AE.

    • None

      Laboratory Tests (include normal range, if known):

    • Elevated lipase (350 IU/L; normal 7 – 60 IU/L)

      Diagnostic Tests:

    • None


    Review and submission
    Review and Submission Defect

    Reporter:

    • Completes and sends the report to submitter for final review

      Submitter:

    • Reviews and submits the report to DAIDS

    • Email notification of expedited report submission sent to CRS staff and other key stakeholders

      NOTE: It’s the site’s responsibility to confirm that the report was in fact submitted.


    Update
    Update Defect

    • 17 Nov 2010 – Subject is discharged from the hospital; event is ongoing.

    • 18 Nov 2010 – Subject seen at the study clinic and provides a copy of discharge summary with diagnosis of acute pancreatitis.


    Update continued
    Update (continued) Defect

    • Primary Adverse Event

      • Term: Acute pancreatitis

      • Status Code: Recovering/Resolving

      • Status Date: 18 Nov 2010

    • Case Narrative

      • Do not delete previous narrative when updating

    • Additional Information

      • Upload copy of the discharge summary


    How to report eaes
    How to Report EAEs Defect

    Reports must be submitted via DAERS:

    • DAERS: via web

      https://daidses.niaid.nih.gov/Phoenix

    • For emergency use only:

      • Fax: 1-301-897-1710

        or

        1-800-275-7619 (USA only)

      • Email: [email protected]

        • If e-mailing, scan or fax signature page


    Where to get help
    Where to Get Help Defect

    • RSC Safety Office:

      • E-mail: [email protected]

      • Telephone: + 1-301-897-1709

        or 1-800-537-9979 (US Only)

      • Fax: +1-301-897-1710

        or 1 -800-275-7619 (US Only)

    • RSC Web Site: http://rsc.tech-res.com/

    • DAIDS-ES Support:

      • E-mail: [email protected]

      • Telephone: +1-240-499-2239

        or 1-866-337-1605 (US Only)

      • Fax: +1-301-948-2242


    QUESTIONS? Defect


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