The grand duchy of luxembourg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 13

THE GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 120 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

THE GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG. THE GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG. The Capital-city: Luxembourg A hereditary duchy with a unicameral parliamentary system An independent state since the London Treaty (April 1839) Its neighbouring countries : Germany, Belgium, France

Download Presentation

THE GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The grand duchy of luxembourg

THE GRAND DUCHY OFLUXEMBOURG


The grand duchy of luxembourg

THE GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG

  • The Capital-city: Luxembourg

  • A hereditary duchy with a unicameral parliamentary system

  • An independent state since theLondonTreaty (April 1839)

  • Its neighbouring countries : Germany, Belgium, France

  • Its area: 2 586 km2

  • Its population: 483 800 inhabitants, among whom 205 000 foreigners (42%)

  • The present Grand Duke isHenri Ist


The grand duchy of luxembourg

LOCAL GOVERNMENT (1)

Decentralization

one sole tier of local government

116 COMMUNES

Constitution (art. 107)

1988 Local Government Act


The grand duchy of luxembourg

LOCAL GOVERNMENT (2)

The Communes

Each of the 116 communes are public authorities :

  • they manage their own goods and properties –

  • they raise their own taxes

  • their local councils are controlled by the District Commissioners who are appointed by the Ministry of Interior

  • COMMUNE

  • Municipal Council Board of the Burgmaster and aldermen Burgmaster


The grand duchy of luxembourg

LOCAL GOVERNMENT (3)

The Municipal Council

  • The local councillors are directly elected by citizens for a 6-year-term starting from

    January 1st following the election. They represent the deliberative body.

  • Their duty: to manage every affair that is related to their commune

  • Their power: to regulate the police force

  • 2 TYPES OF RESPONSIBILITY

  • mandatoryoptional

Eventually financed by central government and controlled by the Ministry of Interior or the district commissioner

Exclusive

Law and order,

public health,

special police force

Shared with

central government:

Main sectors (education, environment…)


The grand duchy of luxembourg

LOCAL GOVERNMENT (4)

The Municipal Council

NUMBER OF COUNCILLORS

  • the Grand Duke has the right to dissolve the council

  • Election:

  • - principle: proportional list system in smaller communes

  • - in bigger communes over 3,000 inhabitants, a majority system

  • Local councillors are prohibited from taking part in any decision made by their council whenever they have a direct or indirect interest in the debated matter (It is an offence of interference).


The grand duchy of luxembourg

LOCAL GOVERNMENT (5)

Board of the burgmaster and aldermen

EXECUTIVE BODY OF THE COMMUNE

the Burgmaster

In all communes, 2 or more aldermen

Appointed by the Grand Duke, selected among Luxembourg-citizens in the Council (Local Government Act, Art. 39)

10,000-19,999 inhab.: 3 aldermen

Over 20,000 inhab.: 4 aldermen

City of Luxembourg:

6 aldermen

Appointed by the Grand Duke in the twelve bigger cities,

by the Minister of Interior in all smaller communes

  • Representatives of government in the commune (all Luxembourg-born councillors)

  • Election and duties are identical to those of the municipal council

  • Responsibilities: many (publication and enactment of the council’s decisions…)


The grand duchy of luxembourg

LOCAL AUTHORITY (6)

The Burgmaster

Role: toenact rules and regulations related to the police force, under the District Commissioner’s control.

Responsibilities

towards the Municipal Council

towards central government

  • As a representative of the commune, the burgmaster :

  • chairs the local council and the board of Aldermen

  • approves regulations and decrees made by the local council and the board of aldermen, publications, communal acts and correspondences

  • is in charge of rules and regulations related to the work of the police force (road-traffic, public order, etc.)


The grand duchy of luxembourg

LOCAL AUTHORITY (7)

Local resources

  • Local government staff:

  • 1985 Act: status of local government members of staff

  • 1988 Local Government Act - Art. 30: ‘the local council appoints, revokes and recruits local government officers and employees on the Minister of Interior’s approval’.

  • The municipal council proceeds by secret votes.

  • Local council’s workmen and technical staff are named by the board of Aldermen

  • Legal incompatibilities: to be a member of staff in the commune and a member of the local council

  • In each commune: one chief executive secretary + one tax-collector

  • 2) FINANCES

  • Taxes

  • Subsidies

  • Equalizing financial system

  • Loans

  • Some other sources of revenue


The grand duchy of luxembourg

LOCAL AUTHORITY (8)

Communal administration (1)

How to recruit a member of local government staff?

  • A position has to be declared vacant

  • Job vacancies are advertised (with application deadline)

  • Candidates are legally checked

  • Candidates have to pass exams

  • Results and marks are published by the Ministry of Interior

  • The list of candidates who passed is proposed to the local councillors who can make their choice. The nomination is carried out by secret vote

  • The final decision is made by the Ministry which approves it or not

  • If agreement is reached, candidates are informed


The grand duchy of luxembourg

LOCAL AUTHORITY (9)

Communal administration (2)

In each commune:

  • The Chief-Executive is responsible for all kinds of correspondence that is linked

    with the commune’s duties and responsibilities; he/she writes the minutes

    of deliberations, etc.

  • The Tax-Collector is in charge of local finance

  • Communes over 10,000 inhabitants must organise a department for technical support

    (2004 Act, amended):

  • - to enact the Act on municipal utilities and urban development

  • - to prepare and control the technical aspects of projects


The grand duchy of luxembourg

LOCAL AUTHORITY (10)

Local finances

Sources of revenues:

  • Taxes: business tax, financial tax

  • Subsidies: general grants and dedicated subsidies

  • Financial equalisation system

  • Loans (Local Government Act, Art. 106): over 50 000 €, Ministry of Interior has to assess the financial situation and give its approval.

  • Other sources: taxes related to water distribution, waste collection

    DISTRIBUTION OF REVENUES

  • business tax land properties, taxes revenues from

  • and subsidies central government

  • 33% 33% 33%


The grand duchy of luxembourg

CONCLUSION

  • A well advanced and coherent decentralised process thanks to its one-tiered local government system

  • Main legal bases:

  • - Article 107 of the Constitution

  • - Local Government Act in 1988


  • Login