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Childhood Poverty’s Impact on Health & Development. Charles N.Oberg, MD, MPH Healthy Generation Video Conference June 3, 2003. Children Living in Poverty. Poverty Facts--U.S. Census . Federal Poverty Level Based on “Thrifty Food Plan” of the late 1950’s In 2001 Single Person $9,214

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Childhood Poverty’s Impact on Health & Development

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Childhood poverty s impact on health development l.jpg

Childhood Poverty’s Impact on Health & Development

Charles N.Oberg, MD, MPH

Healthy Generation

Video Conference

June 3, 2003


Children living in poverty l.jpg

Children Living in Poverty


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Poverty Facts--U.S. Census

  • Federal Poverty Level Based on “Thrifty Food Plan” of the late 1950’s

  • In 2001

    • Single Person $9,214

    • Family of Four$18,022


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Poverty Facts

40 Year Trends-Poverty Rates for Children

l

1960

17.6 million

26.9% of all children

1969

9.7 million

14.0%

1993

15.7 million

22.7%

12.1 million

1999

16.9%

Children Still Represent 40% of All Poor

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Trends in Family Composition

2/3 of first marriages end in divorce

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Childbearing to unmarried women in

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2000 five times higher than 1940.

Increasing Diversity of American

Families

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Impact of Family/Ethnicity on Child Poverty Rates

Census 1998


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Hunger/Homelessness & Child Health


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Hunger & Insufficient Food

Physician Task Force on Hunger--1985

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The “Growing Epidemic”, 20 million

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1/2 million malnourished children

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Community Childhood Hunger

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Identification Project--1995

14 million children “at risk” of hunger

n

U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: 31 million food

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insecure homes (12 million kids)-1999


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Housing & Homelessness

Families with children fastest growing

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segment of the homeless population

2000

36% (US. Conference of Mayors)

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1 to 3 million homeless a year

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100,000 homeless children/night (GAO)

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28% Housing shortage, 20% economic,

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31% family issues, 14% drugs/violence


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Homeless

Housed-Poor

Increased

3.8%

1.7%

Lead (>30)

Hospitalized

11.6/1000

7.5/1000

Fair/Poor

13%

3.2%

Health

In addition, increased anemia, delayed

immunizations, increase in abuse

Housing--Increased Health Risk


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Impact of HomelessnessBassuk & Rosenberg

Homeless Housed-Poor


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“The test of our progress is not

whether we add to the abundance of

those who have much--it is whether

we provide enough for those who

have too little.”

Franklin D. Roosevelt


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