The value of interscholastic sports
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The Value of Interscholastic Sports. Introduction. Proponents of high school sport programs believe that sports contribute to the overall education of students. National Federation of State High School Associations. Mission Statement:

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The Value of Interscholastic Sports

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The value of interscholastic sports

The Value of Interscholastic Sports


Introduction

Introduction

  • Proponents of high school sport programs believe that sports contribute to the overall education of students.


National federation of state high school associations

National Federation of State High School Associations

  • Mission Statement:

    • States that it serves “…students by providing leadership for the administration of education-based Interscholastic activities, which support academic achievement, good citizenship, and equitable opportunities.”


National association of state boards of education

National Association of State Boards of Education

  • Claims the purpose of high school athletics “…is to enhance the whole school experience for all students. Academic achievement must always be considered the priority.”


Research findings about physiological benefits

Research findings about physiological benefits

  • Enhanced functioning and health of cardiovascular and muscular system

  • Improved flexibility, mobility, and coordination

  • Increased stamina and strength

  • Improved ability to maintain weight

  • Increased likelihood of maintaining weight


The value of interscholastic sports

  • Regular athletic participation will decrease the risk of diabetes, heart disease, obesity, and other related diseases.

  • Non-participants are 49% more likely to use drugs and 37% more likely to become teen parents than those who spend one to four hours per week in extracurricular activities (United States Department of Education. No Child Left Behind: The facts about 21st Century Learning. Washington, DC: 2002.)

  • Students participating in organized sports were 25 percent less likely to be current cigarette smokers (American Journal of Health Behavior, 2004)


Participation in extracurricular activities benefits the student

Participation in extracurricular activities benefits the student

  • Participants have higher GPAs than non-participants(2.84 to 2.68)

  • Participants have lower absenteeism than non-participants (4.9 days to 10.8 days)

  • 75% of participants were “A” or “B” students in high school

  • Reduced the drop out rate by 40 %. (Holloway, J. H., 2002)

    • The mean dropout percentage for athletes was 0.6 percent vs. 10.32 percent by non-athletes.


Participation in extra curricular activities linked to success in school

Participation in extra-curricular activities linked to success in school

  • Music students scored about 11 percent higher than non-music students on the 2001 SAT (College Entrance Examination Board).

  • Discipline referrals for athletes ran at a 33.3 percentage while the referral percentage for non-athletes was 41.8 percent.

  • Students who took part in more vigorous sports like soccer or football or skateboarding, do about 10% better in math, science, English and social studies classes (Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, August 2007).


Increased graduation rate

Increased Graduation Rate

  • The mean graduation percentage for athletes was 99.4 percent as compared to 93.5 percent for non-athletes.

    • National graduation rate in 2011 – 77.7% (Iowa ranks first with 88%)


The value of interscholastic sports

University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Monitoring the Future, 2010.


How former high school athletes have benefited

How former high-school athletes have benefited…

  • 92% said participating in high school athletics made their high school experience more positive

  • 87% said the lessons they learned while participating have helped them as adults

  • 71% earned a post-secondary degree

  • 77% employed full-time

  • 95% of Fortune 500 CEOs participated in high school athletics


Athletics popular among high school students

Athletics popular among high school students

  • 40% athletics

  • 32% school clubs

  • 23% music/performing arts

  • 14% academic clubs

  • 10% newspaper/yearbook

  • 9% student government

  • 55.5 percent of students enrolled in high schools participate in athletics


Summary of the benefits of interscholastic sports

Summary of the Benefits of Interscholastic Sports

  • Students who participate in athletics tend to:

    • Have maximized physiological development

    • Be less likely to use drugs, tobacco, or suffer from health problems

    • Have a higher GPA

    • Have lower absenteeism

    • Have a higher graduation rate

    • Have a high success rate after high school


References

References

  • American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Sports Medicine and Fitness. (2001). Organized sports for children and preadolescents. Pediatrics, 107(6), 1459-1462.

  • American Journal of Health Behavior, 2004

  • Barber, B.L., Eccles, J.S., & Stone, M.R. (2001). Whatever happened to the jock, the brain, and the princess? Young adult pathways linked to adolescent activity involvement and social identity. Journal of Adolescent Research, 16, 429-455

  • Broh, B.A. (2002). Linking extracurricular programming to academic achievement: Who benefits and why? Sociology of Education, 75, 69-91

  • College Entrance Examination Board


References1

References

  • Holloway, J. H., 2002. Extracurricular Activities: The path to academic success? Educational Leadership, 57(4), 87-88

  • Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, August 2007

  • National Federation of State High School Associations. (n.d). Mission Statement.

  • United States Department of Education. No Child Left Behind: The facts about 21st Century Learning. Washington, DC: 2002.

  • University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Monitoring the Future, 2010.


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