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Receptive and Expressive Language Disability
--American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 1993
The student may have difficulty in some or all of the following areas:
Some instructional strategies for students’ processing/production errors:
Instructor’s request: Use lunge in a sentence.
Student’s response: The students lunged around all day.
Student said:Meant to say:Type of error:
point him to the officeappointdropped prefix
containmentcontaineradded incorrect derivational ending
unfilmdevelopattempted to work with negative prefix
I brokenI brokeconfused present perfect/past tense
Doesn’t supposed to beisn’t…confused linking verbs
Mousesmiceovergeneralized rule for plurals
I brangI broughtovergeneralized an irregular verb form
--Elisabeth Wiig and Eleanor Semel (1984) Language Assessment & Intervention for the Learning Disabled, 2nd Edition. Pragmatics goals from Barbara Weinrich, et al. Pragmatics for Adolescents in the Classroom and Charlann Simon’s Evaluating Communicative Competence (1994).
Language Circle Enterprises: Project Read/Language Circle 800-450-0343http://www.projectread.com
McCarthy, T. 1997. Teaching literary elements. NY : Scholastic Professional Books.
Bush, C. 1979. Language remediation and expansiion – 100 skill-building reference lists. Tucson, AZ : Communication Skill Builders.
Gajewski, Nancy, et al. 1989. Social skills strategies, books A & B. Tucson, AZ : Thinking Publications.
Johnston, Elizabeth, et al. 1984. A sourcebook of pragmatic activities. Tucson, AZ : Communication Skill Builders.
Kisner, Rita, et al. Warm-Up Exercises – Calisthenics for the brain, Books 1,2, 3. Eau Claire, WI : Thinking Publications.
Mayo, Patty, et al. Scripting : social communication for adolescents. 1986. Eau Claire, WI : Thinking Publications.
Zachman, L. et al. 1982. Manual of exercises for expressive reasoning. Moline, IL : Lingui Systems.
Wiig, E. and Semel, E. 1984. Language assessment & intervention for the learning disabled (2nd ed.). Columbus, OH : Merrill.
Wiig, E. and Secord, W. 1989. Test of Language Competence—Expanded. San Antonio : The Psychological Corporation.
Cullinan, Bernice. 1993. Children’s voices : talk in the classroom. Newark, DE : Intl. Reading Association.
Semel, E., Wiig, E., and Secord, W. 1995. Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals
Palmer, Michelle O’Brian. 1997. Great Graphic Organizers to Use with Any Book ! NY : Scholastic, Inc.