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Emerging Issues for Transportation Data Users of ACS. Elaine Murakami, FHWA [email protected] TRB Planning Applications Conference, April 26, 2005. First, the good news…. CB has added several transportation-related tables to their planned set of ACS tabulations. This includes

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emerging issues for transportation data users of acs

Emerging Issues for Transportation Data Users of ACS

Elaine Murakami, FHWA

[email protected]

TRB Planning Applications Conference, April 26, 2005

first the good news
First, the good news…
  • CB has added several transportation-related tables to their planned set of ACS tabulations.
  • This includes
    • Residence tabulations of households such as: household size * # of vehicles
    • A FEW tables by Place of Work
more positive things about acs
More positive things about ACS
  • The ACS will provide reliable data for large geographic units on an annual basis.
  • The flip side is that the data for small areas will be compromised, with much larger standard errors, and the risk of the inability to tabulate small area (TAZ) home-to-work flows.
questions for today s discussion
Questions for today’s discussion
  • Do you want home-to-work flow (Part 3) from ACS if the geography is limited to tract-to-tract, or “tract group”- to- “tract group”
  • Should AASHTO to sponsor a pooled fund for a CTPP from ACS?
aashto pooled fund
AASHTO pooled fund
  • Special tabs for large geography completed annually, starting perhaps in 2007? 2008?
  • Special tab for “small geography”, conducted every 5 years, starting with the accumulated records of 2005 thru 2009, OR accumulated records of 2008-2012.
transportation sponsored research on acs
Transportation-sponsored research on ACS
  • 1995 meeting (1996 BTS publication) on Continuous Measurement
  • NCHRP project for Guidebook on using ACS data.
  • FHWA sponsored research at CB RDCs and Suitland using ACS microdata.
  • TRB Conference for May 2005.
findings
Findings
  • Seasonality does not seem to be a problem for JTW variables (Hampden County only)
  • Loss in # of O/D pairs is significant, and may cause problems for modeling applications (Westat, NCHRP)
  • Tract level data by mode of transport seems reasonable by residence geography (chart next slide)
key issues for transportation
Key issues for Transportation
  • Sample size / geographic level of reporting / data quality / error
  • Thresholds for FLOW tabulation
  • CB Disclosure Review Board
  • How to do Trend Analysis?
sample size
Sample Size
  • Long Form 16.6% of addresses
  • ACS (60 months) 12.5% of addresses
  • HOWEVER, that is the sample FRAME, not the number of completed returns. Because the Mail-back response rate is much lower for ACS, even with 1:3 NRFU, the # of records in ACS is significantly lower than LF.
implications of smaller number of completed surveys
Implications of smaller number of completed surveys
  • Kiss TAZ data GOODBYE.
  • Need a geographic unit maybe a “Tract Group” or a TAZ that is as large as 2 or 3 tracts together, especially for home-to-work flow data.
thresholds required for ctpp2000 for flow tabulation
Thresholds required for CTPP2000 for flow tabulation
  • Thresholds are based on unweighted records.
  • The smaller number of completed records in ACS results in a loss of O/D pairs meeting the threshold.
impact of thresholds comparing decennial lf to acs part 3 broward county fl tract to tract
Impact of Thresholds Comparing Decennial LF to ACS Part 3Broward County, FL Tract-to-Tract

22% of O/D pairs

30% of workers

8% of O/D Pairs

does 60 months of accumulation result in reduced risk of disclosure we think yes
Does 60 months of accumulation result in reduced risk of disclosure? We think “yes”
  • People move residence
  • People move workplace location
  • People change means of transportation to work.
  • People change departure time.
  • People change # of vehicles in hhld.
therefore
Therefore…
  • The Census Bureau should not require as much rounding or require thresholds for tabulation!
what rules will the drb impose
What rules will the DRB impose?

What thresholds will the DRB impose for flow tabulation?

  • We hope NONE!
  • If the threshold is 3 for key tables, as in 2000, will transportation planners find it useful or not?
biggest threat
Biggest threat
  • The combination of smaller samples and potential requirements of thresholds (unweighted records) for tabulation by DRB could result in a CTPP that is primarily used for residence tabulations, with limited workplace tabulations, and flow data limited to total worker counts.
what do we want from the cb
What do we want from the CB?
  • Alternatives to rounding and thresholds for disclosure avoidance.
  • Improved allocation procedures. Want to continue working with CB on allocation and imputation of means of transportation, # of vehicles, and place of work geocoding.
how should we augment acs data
How should we augment ACS data?
  • Explore alternatives for Home-to-Work Flow matrices, including LED
  • Consider workplace surveys
  • Add group quarters surveys, unless ACS implements as planned.
  • NHTS for 2008, for trip length distribution curves for various trip purposes/activities
questions for today s discussion23
Questions for today’s discussion
  • Do you want home-to-work flow (Part 3) from ACS if the geography is limited to tract-to-tract, or “tract group”- to- “tract group”
  • Should AASHTO to sponsor a pooled fund for a CTPP from ACS?
slide24
Please come to the TRB conference in May!

Thank you for your attention.

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