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Imperialism. Imperialism. DEFINITION Domination by one country of the political, economic and cultural life of another country or region. CAUSES Political, Economic and Social. Imperialism. Political Most of the leaders of the countries of Europe

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imperialism1
Imperialism

DEFINITION

Domination by one country of the political,

economic and cultural life of another country or

region.

CAUSES

Political, Economic and Social

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Imperialism

Political

Most of the leaders of the countries of Europe

had a deep sense of competition between and

among each other. Many were in need of

natural resources (coal and timber) especially

for industrialization.

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Economic

The Industrial Revolution was the motivation

for many European countries to find

locations to market their products.

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Social

Western Civilization had a sense of racial

superiority. Europeans believed they were

superior to all others. Imperial conquest and

destruction of weaker races was natures

way of improving the human species.

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Imperialism in Africa—Suez Canal

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Suez Canal

1869—The Suez Canal opened. It linked the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. Turkish ruler of Egypt owned the largest number of shares in the company that built it.

1875—Britain gains control of the canal by buying shares in the company.

1882—Britain rules over Egypt

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Opening of the Suez Canal in 1869

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History of South Africa

http://www.southafrica-travel.net/history/eh_menu.htm

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Cecil Rhodes

(1853-1902)

--Moves to southern Africa

for health reasons.

--Starts farming but turns

to diamond mining with

his brother Herbert.

--Returns to England to

attend university, but

returns

--April 1880 starts the

DeBeers Mining Co.

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Punch The London

Charivari

December 10, 1892

The Rhodes Colossus

Striding from Cape Town

to Cairo

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Berlin Conference

November 15, 1884---November 26, 1885

Purpose

A way to divide up Africa and its resources as a way to avoid bloodshed among European nations.

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Results

Protectorate—European possession of an African coast.

Spheres of Influence—control of a coast meant control of the hinterland.

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Imperialism in Asia

Opium War (1839-1842)

Why did the British have a sphere of influence in China?

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Cheap Labor

Natural Resources

China’s Ethnocentric Disposition

Europeans could not teach China anything worth knowing. Therefore, China also refused to trade with Great Britain.

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Great Britain was offended by China’s

ethnocentric disposition and decided the best way

to handle China and their lack of interest in trade

With them was to import opium.

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What is Opium?

Opium is a habit forming drug produced at this

time in India.

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Imperialism

Newstatesman.com August 13, 2009

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Imperialism

RT.com published October 7, 2009

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By the 1830s, opium shipped from India to

Canton to be traded for Chinese goods

By 1836, the Chinese Imperial government

makes opium illegal.

By 1839, the Chinese officials tried to stop the

opium trade by destroying 20, 000 chests of

opium.

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Imperialism

Woodcut from sacu.org Society for Anglo-Chinese Understanding

An addict’s wife being sold to support his habit

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Imperialism

Biyokulule.com

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Imperialism

Pdavis.nl

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History.culture-China.com

Take a few moments and describe for me what is happening in this photo

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Treaty of Nanjing 1842

--All British citizens subjected to British not Chinese law

--British would no longer have to pay tribute to the imperial administration in order to trade with China.

--Five new ports open in China

--No restrictions on British trade, which means opium trade more than doubled in the three decades that followed.

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k5hAgVFRF1w

A Fateful Harvest

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Taiping Rebellion—1850

Rebels wanted to overthrow the Manchu Dynasty, it allowed China to become too weak.

Resolution—China asks for Western help from Britain and France in 1856. Britain and France attack China

Consequence—Britain and France view it as an invitation for more imperialism. More trading ports open up by 1856.

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Boxer Rebellion—1900

Righteous and Harmonious Fists

They were referred to as Boxers by Westerners.

A radical group of Nationalists that drove out all foreigners.

Is this a good or bad thing?

The Boxers attacked Western embassies which lasted for two months. It was put down by an international force.

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Imperialism in Japan

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--Tokugawa Japan social order

--Samurai

--Commodore Matthew Perry

--Yoshida Shoen

--Satsuma-Choshu

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--Tokugawa Japan social order

Merchants

Artisans

Farmers

Samurai

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--Samurai

Men of High Purpose

The emperor was the figure head.

Samurai were furious with the Shogun, why?

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--Commodore Matthew Perry

In 1853, four warships steamed up in Yedo Bay. They were looking for water and coal for their ships.

Black Ships

Toy Trains

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--Yoshida Shoen

Defied the Shogun’s orders and rowed out to Perry’s ships.

What happens to him?

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--Satsuma-Choshu

Armed themselves

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Columbia.edu

Meiji Restoration

Emperor Meiji was

installed in 1867 and

thoroughly modernized

Japan.

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