Chapter 10. How do the authors summarize findings of their study (p. 219-220)? Poor/Petty/”Losers” with “few options in life” Aspire to a conventional life In and out of trouble until they age out Mislabeled “dangerous criminals” Eventually warehoused for long terms. Chapter 10.
How do the authors summarize findings of their study (p. 219-220)?
How expensive are prisons - why are new prisons more expensive than they appear to be (Table 10-1)?
Prosperous states - Lower CR - union workers
Poorer states - Higher CR - non union workers
(“criminals” poor and dispro minority in both)
Costs & “hidden costs” (lost taxes, welfare) **Table 10-1 223
Has the imprisonment binge reduced crime –
I'll talk about this in class?
Common sense says -- it must have!!
But: low clearance rate, aging out, and replacement suggest -- not likely!
“Lying with stats” -
selecting time periods to “prove” a point.
** Figure 10-2 224 impr incr, crime decr!
** Figure 10-1 224 more honest view
Table 10-2 Table 10-3 Table 10-4
As IRs go up, CRs go down!!
A more honest view
What are the other factors that influence crime rates
- especially demographic and economic factors?
Table 10-5 237
Aging population % at prime crime age
1990s economic boom
What is "voodoo criminology"?
+ pseudo-science (selective information)
Note: competing liberal version no better
What is America's "farm system for criminals"?
Basic idea is that crime is cultural -- learned
(Authors avoid use of term “class”)
Poor as “abandoned class”
Contrast with Euro countries - “welfare states”
(EU dismantling some aspects)
Where is the binge headed going into the new century
- more "costly, inhumane, and racist"?
Short run -- Yes!
Long run -- the “budget wall”
“Our vindictive society”
Individualism, competition, and “losers”
What do the authors mean by "cutting our losses"
From: incr imprisonment and decreasing social services
To: decr imprisonment and increasing social services
What two broad solutions do they advocate for prisons?
1. Reduce prison terms (length of sentences)
2. Humanize prisons (for when they get out)
“Minimum list” p.248
Health, safety, rehab -- stop the damage!