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COOPERATIVE LEARNING. COOPERATIVE LEARNING.

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Cooperative learning1
COOPERATIVE LEARNING

  • “The term cooperative learning (CL) refers to students working in teams on an assignment or project under conditions in which certain criteria are satisfied, including that the team members be held individually accountable for the complete content of the assignment or project.”


Cooperative learning2
COOPERATIVE LEARNING

According to Johnson and Johnson, Cooperative Learning is “students working in teams to accomplish a common goal.”


Cooperative learning3
COOPERATIVE LEARNING

  • Positive interdependence. Team members are obliged to rely on one another to achieve the goal. If any team members fail to do their part, everyone suffers consequences.

  • Individual accountability. All students in a group are held accountable for doing their share of the work and for mastery of all of the material to be learned.


Cooperative learning4
COOPERATIVE LEARNING

  • Face-to-face promotive interaction. Although some of the group work may be parcelled out and done individually, some must be done interactively, with group members providing one another with feedback, challenging reasoning and conclusions, and perhaps most importantly, teaching and encouraging one another.


Cooperative learning5
COOPERATIVE LEARNING

  • Appropriate use of collaborative skills. Students are encouraged and helped to develop and practice trust-building, leadership, decision-making, communication, and conflict management skills.

  • Group processing. Team members set group goals, periodically assess what they are doing well as a team, and identify changes they will make to function more effectively in the future.


Structures of cooperative learning
STRUCTURES OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING

  • PROBLEM SETS

  • LABS AND PROJECTS

  • JIGSAW

  • PEER EDITING

  • PEER-LED TEAM LEARNING


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