GREEN INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS IN INDONESIA
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GREEN INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS IN INDONESIA INNOVATIVE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS ON GREEN INDUSTRY . Tokyo Green Industry Conference 2011 16 - 18 November 2011. MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA . OUTLINE. Background Green Industry Concept Energy Conservation Program

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GREEN INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS IN INDONESIA INNOVATIVE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS ON GREEN INDUSTRY

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GREEN INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS IN INDONESIA

INNOVATIVE BUSINESS SOLUTIONS

ON GREEN INDUSTRY

Tokyo Green Industry Conference 2011

16 - 18 November 2011

MINISTRY OF INDUSTRY

REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA


OUTLINE

  • Background

  • Green Industry Concept

  • Energy Conservation Program

  • Government Bisnis Model Green Industry Development

  • Green Industry Development Chalenges

    VI . Closing


I. BACKGROUND

1. Current Industrial Condition

  • Industrial development in Indonesia has been running for 50 years. Besides giving positive contribution to the country, it also result in environmental problem especially pollution due to industrial waste and inefficient use of natural resources.

    • Due to limitation of natural resources availability, energy crisis, and drop of environmental carrying capacity, the development of eco-friendly industry or as known as green industry is a must.


2. Global Market Trend

  • Trade liberalization, resulting in the decrease of trade-related tariff (or even none).

  • Implementation of non-tariff policies, such as cleaner production and eco-product standards, Renewal Energy Directive (RED) and REACH have become a constraint for Indonesian products export, especially to enter European and American countries.

    • Global market trend towards eco-product is a chance that should be anticipated as well as gained for benefits.

    • To compete in global market eco-friendly industry or green industry development which able to create eco-products is a must.


3. Government’s Commitment to Reduce Greenhouse Gases Emission

President’s Commitment at G-20 Pittsburgh and COP15

Reducing greenhou gases emission in 2020

26%

26%

Self-initiatives plus international support/

funding

41%

15%

Self-initiatives/ funding

Nat. Action Plan on GHG


20.4 %

3.12 %

59.6%

5.47 %

11.42 %

Source: SECOND NATIONAL COMMUNICATION-SNC, NOV 2010

  • Cement

  • Metal and Steel

  • Textile

  • Pulp and paper

  • Petrochemical

  • Fertilizer

  • Glass and ceramics

  • Food and beverages

  • Indonesia total Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emission from all sectors in 2000: 1,377,982.95 Gg CO2e

  • GHG Contributors :

    • Land use change & forestry 59.6%

    • Energy 20.4%

    • Waste11.42%

    • Industry3.12%

    • Agriculture 5.47%

  • GHG Contributors (Industrial sector only):


4. Industrial Development Policy

Long-Term Industrial Development - National Goal

(President’s Decree No. 28 Year 2008 about National Industrial Policy)

Developing industries with

Sustainable development concept

Environment

Social

Economy

Development of industries which deliver social contribution such as creating job vacancies, better education, health, and security.

Development of industries which capable of maintaining ecosystem balance, sustainable use of natural resources, and prevent natural resources exploitation as well as carry out environmental preservation function.

Development of industries which capable of continuously producing goods as demanded by market.


II. Green Industry Concept

Business as Usual

Packaging

Technology/ Equipment

Products and packaging leftovers

Product

Raw and additional material

Supplier

Production Process

Energy

Waste/ Emission

Green Industry

Green Production


III. Energy Conservation Program

Industry is the highest energy consumers

Transportation

32,6%

Industry

47,2%

Oil

share

is

still

very

dominant

Household & Comercial

20,2%

Source: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, 2008


Grand Strategy of Energy Conservation and CO2 Emission Reduction in Industrial Sector 2010 - 2020


Energy Conservation Implementation Stages

and CO2 Emission Reduction in Industrial Sector (2010 -2020)

Phase 1 : Implementation of Energy Conservation and CO2 Emission Reduction in Industrial Sector;

Phase 2 : Promotion of CO2 emission reduction through several pilot project in energy voracious industries such as steel, pulp and paper industries;

Phase 3: Establishment of Energy Services Company (ESCO)

Phase 4 : Eco-Label Implementation

  • Since 2010, assistances in energy conservation implementation have been conducted at 35 steel industries and 15 pulp & paper industries.


IV. Government Bisnis Model Green Industry Development

  • 1. Pilot Project Machinery Restructurization in Textile Industry PT. Daliatex-Bandung / Water and Energy (NEDO support – 2007 )

a. Dyeing Unit


b. Tenter Unit (Drying and Color Fixation)


c. Dryer Unit

  • Conclusion:

  • With NEDO support, efficiency achieved at PT. Daliatex:

  • Energy: 52% 1. Industry become

  • Water : 38% more efficient

  • 2. Eco-friendly

  • Chemicals : 20-25%


2. RestructurizationProgram for Textile and Textile Products, Footwear, and Sugar Industries

a. Background

  • Approximately 80% machinery used in those industries aged more than 20 years and consumed a lot of resources (water and energy), non-environmental friendly.

  • Low efficiency, unpunctual delivery time

  • Low competitiveness

  • Flooding of Imported products


b. Objective:

Giving stimulus (grant) for machine renewal in order to raise the competitiveness and environmental preservation.

  • 15 % cost reduction for local machinery products purchasing, proved by the calculation of machinery’s local contents.

c. Form of Grant:

  • Granting 10% of investment cost support with the maximum amount of 5 billion Rupiahs/company/budget year.


d. Realization of Machinery Restucturization Program

Impact of the Program:

Textile and Textile Products

619 companies

(2007 - 2010)

Sugar

78 companies

(2009-2010)

Footwear

50 companies

(2009 - 2010)

  • Increasing energy saving: 6-18%

  • Increasing productivity:

  • 7-17 %

  • Increasing production:

  • 15-28 %

  • Increasing job

  • employment : 55.000 people

  • Increasing production capacity: 1,52%

  • Increasing grinding effectiveness:

  • 1,2%

  • Increasing steam efficiency: 0,09%

  • Increasing energy efficiency: 22-25 %

  • Increasing production capacity: 29,75%

  • Increasing productivity: 5,46%

  • Increasing job

  • employment: 21.700 people.


3. CO2 Emission Reduction Program in Industrial Sector

a. CO2 emission inventory in 8 industrial sectors, i.e. cement, steel, pulp & paper, petrochemical, fertilizer, ceramic, textile, food and beverage;

b. Formulation of CO2 emission reduction roadmap for cement industry.


  • Technical assistance in identifying chances of efficiency enhancement, conducting analysis and evaluation of economical, technical, and environmental feasibility.

4. Technical Assistance in Cleaner Production:

Technical Assistance had been given to:

Food Industry (PT Niramas – Bekasi);

Coating Industry (PT Hempel – Bekasi);

Fish Canning Industry (PT Avila Prima – Banyuwangi);

Cosmetics Industry (PT Sparindo – Tangerang);

Electroplating Industry (PT Citra Inti – Tangerang)

  • According to cleaner production result, industries can optimize the use of resources (energy, water, and raw material) to be more efficient and eco-friendly.


Result:

Cleaner Production Recomendation


Electroplating Industry (PT Citra Inti - Tangerang ), cont’d…


IV . GREEN INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES

  • 1. Needs of machinery renewal/equipment modification.

  •  Investment is needed in order to renew/modify the equipments. In the other hand, bank interest is high (14 %) and there’s no existing domestic machinery industries.

  • Reward for industrial practitioners who have implemented green industry, such as funding, technical assistance, etc. to support continuous improvement.

  • Appropriate green industry incentive formulation.


VI. CLOSING

Establishment and development of Green Industry need a lot of support from all stakeholders and national or international related institutions. To achieve the goal – green industry implementation, Indonesia needs good cooperation from other countries through regional or international forums and international organization.

THANK YOU


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