Kerala people s campaign for decentralised planning
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Kerala People’s Campaign for Decentralised Planning. Dr. Joy Elamon Dr. B. Ekbal. People’s Campaign for Decentralised Planning: Objectives. Strengthen the Local Governments Solve Developmental Crisis Initiate a New Development Culture. Local Self Government Institutions:1214.

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Kerala People’s Campaign for Decentralised Planning

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Kerala people s campaign for decentralised planning

Kerala People’s Campaign for Decentralised Planning

Dr. Joy Elamon

Dr. B. Ekbal


People s campaign for decentralised planning objectives

People’s Campaign forDecentralised Planning:Objectives

  • Strengthen the Local Governments

  • Solve Developmental Crisis

  • Initiate a New DevelopmentCulture


Local self government institutions 1214

Local Self Government Institutions:1214

  • Grama (Village) Panchayaths

    • 991: Population: 20,000

  • Block Panchayaths

    • 152: Population:150,000

  • District Panchayaths

    • 14: Population:2 Million

  • Urban Bodies

    • Municipalities (54) Population:100,000

    • Corporations(3) Population:1 Million


Peoples planning strategy

Peoples PlanningStrategy

  • Plan Allocation

  • Peoples Movement

  • Rules and Regulation


Kerala people s campaign for decentralised planning

Peoples Campaign for Decentralised Planning

Gramasabha

(Village Assembly

Development Seminar

Report

Task Forces

Projects

Plan Document

Gramasabha

Implementation


Peoples campaign for decentralised planning

Peoples Campaign for Decentralised Planning

Massive Devolution of Resources and Power


Achievements

Achievements

  • Participatory Planning and Development

  • Devolution of Resources and Power

  • Empowerment of Women

  • Transparency in governance

  • Physical achievements


Kerala model of health

Kerala Model of Health

High Health Status

Low Economic Development


Kerala model of health1

Kerala Model of Health

Good Health at Low Cost

Good Health with Social Justice


Kerala health model from success to crisis

Kerala Health ModelFrom Success to Crisis

  • Low Mortality High Morbidity Syndrome

  • Resurgence of Infectious Diseases

  • Rise in Life Style Diseases

  • Stagnation of Public Health System

  • Rising Health Expenditure

  • Marginalisation of the Poor


Kerala health reform goals

Kerala Health Reform: Goals

  • Control of Infectious Diseases

  • Control of LSD

  • Revamping of Public Health System

  • Social Control of Private Sector

  • Control of Health Expenditure

  • Protection of the poor

Community involvement in Health


Decentralisation and health

Decentralisation and Health

  • Health Care institutions to local bodies

  • Power and resources transferred

  • Mandate to plan and implement locally

  • Human resource development


Decentralisation and health sector achievements

Decentralisation and Health Sector: Achievements

  • Integrated Disease control programmes

  • Specific disease detection camps

  • School health programmes

  • Nutrition programmes

  • Geriatric care

  • Rural Sanitation

  • Water Supply

  • Health Survey

  • Strengthening Hospital Infrastructure


Kerala experiment uniqueness

Kerala Experiment : Uniqueness

  • Thrust on preventive and promotive health

  • Innovative health programmes

  • Better working partnership health workers and the people

  • Reallocation and availability of Health Resources

  • Improvement of Primary and Secondary Health Systems


Peoples campaign health

Peoples Campaign: Health

Case Studies


Erattupettah grama panchayath integrated health development

Erattupettah: Grama PanchayathIntegrated Health Development

  • Healthy Village Project

  • Drinking Water

  • Sanitation

  • School Health Programme

  • Health Cards to citizens

  • Healthy Hotels

  • Primary Health Centre Strengthening


Ponnani block panchayath community mental health programme

Ponnani: Block PanchayathCommunity Mental Health Programme

  • School Mental Health Programme

  • Teenage Marriage Prevent ion

  • Mental Health Survey

  • Suicide Prevention

  • Dementia Care

  • Pain and Palliative Care


Nedumangad municipality model hospital development

Nedumangad: MunicipalityModel Hospital Development

  • Infrastructure

  • Blood Bank and Mortuary

  • Fair price medical shop

  • Hospital Sanitation


Chembilod grama panchayath study on gender status in health

Chembilod: Grama PanchayathStudy on Gender Status in Health

  • Local Women’s Health Cell

  • Sex Ratio

  • Education Status

  • Sanitation, Toilet and Bathing Facilities

  • Household work burden

  • Health Care Facilities

  • Health and Sex Education


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