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Forestry in Myanmar. ZAW WIN Myanmar Timber Merchants Association MTMA, Yangon. 2010, July 13 th. F orest Cover Status in Myanmar. Source : Planning and Statistics Division, FD. Status Major Forest Types. Source : Planning and Statistics Division, FD. Status Major Forest Types.

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Forestry in myanmar

Forestry inMyanmar

ZAW WIN

Myanmar Timber Merchants Association

MTMA, Yangon. 2010, July 13th


Forest Cover Status in Myanmar

Source : Planning and Statistics Division, FD


Status Major Forest Types

Source : Planning and Statistics Division, FD


Status Major Forest Types

Tropical Evergreen Forest in

Lower Myanmar

Typical Evergreen Forest in

Upper Myanmar


Status Major Forest Types

Deciduous Indaing

(Dipterocarps) Forests

Moist Mixed Deciduous Forests

Dry Mixed Deciduous Forests


Status Major Forest Types

Coniferous Forest in

Shan State

A Non-teak Hardwoods Stand


Status Major Forest Types

Natural Stand of Bamboos


Myanmar Forest Policy

Formalizes the commitment and intent of Gov: to ensure sustainable development of forest resources (Social + Economic and Environmental Purposes)

Six imperatives indentified in the policy are:

Protection

Sustainability

Participation

Public awareness

About the vital role of forest & a social-economic development

Soil, Water, wildlife, biodiversity

Supply of the forest for present & future generation

Conservation & utilization of forest

Basic needs

Fuel, shelter, food & recreation

Efficiency

To harness, in the socio-environmentally friendly, manner, the full economic potential of the forest.


Institutional Arrangement

M O F

PSD

FD

MTE

DZGD

Coordinates & facilitates the task of FD, MTD & DZGD.

Mainly policy matter & issues related to forestry.

Protection & conservation of biodiversity & sustainable management of forest resources.

Timber harvesting milling downstream processing & marketing.

Reforestation, protection & conservation & restoration of the environment in the Dry Zone Area.


Management System

  • Myanmar selection system (MSS) has been the principle management system since 1856.

  • Formation of felling series, each of which is divided into 30 annual coupes.

  • Under MSS, only mature trees are selected & harvested.

  • Harvesting of tree is controlled by girth limits prescribed species-wise.

  • Felling of exploitable trees is within the bounds of carefully calculated Annual Allowable Cut (AAC).

  • AAC is thus a tool that ensures the harvest of timber yield on a sustained basis.


Timber Harvesting

  • MTE is the sole institution take charge of timber harvesting.

  • Not only exploitation but also to support growth of forest & improvement & upkeep of genetic diversity.

  • Use of elephant in skidding, the environmental-friendly method.

  • National Code of Harvesting Practice have been applied.

  • Myanmar's timber harvesting practice has been recognized as the least impact logging system.

  • (FD responsible for inspection the harvesting works, measurement of Royalty Assessment, hammering the royalty mark on log).

  • MTE must transfer the harvested area to FD with prescribe form (FD carry out post survey).

  • MTE applied sound Chain of Custody method since long time ago.


Transportation Precessing & Trade

  • FD controlled movement of products.

  • Removal pass from FD is require to move from one place to place by private sector.

  • Detailed instruction for upkeep of daily registers for incoming raw & outturn of products are in place.

  • FD checks and control the saw mills & processing plants regularly.

  • Private sector needs licence from Ministry of Trade to export value-added forest products.

  • MTE produced only legal timber & timber products only.


Thanks for

kind attention


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