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Reminder: there are many ways in which reasoning can go wrong; that is, there are many kinds of mistakes in argument. It is customary to reserve the term “fallacy” for arguments that, although incorrect, are psychologically persuasive. Some arguments are so obviously incorrect as to persuade and deceive no one. But fallacies are dangerous because most of us are, at one time or another, fooled by some of them. A fallacy is often defined as a type of argument that may seem to be correct, but that proves, on examination, not to be so.
Professor Snodblatt has argued against the theory of evolution. But Snodblatt is a pompous, egoistical windbag, and a card-carrying member of the Communist Biker’s Association. I absolutely refuse to listen to him.
Senator Biddle has argued that we should outlaw violent pornography. Obviously, the Senator favors complete governmental censorship of books, magazines and films. Frankly, I’m shocked that such a view should be expressed on the floor of the United States Senate. It runs counter to everything this great nation stands for. No senator should listen seriously to such an outrageous proposal.
Secretary to boss: I deserve a raise in salary for the coming year. After all, you know how friendly I am with your wife, and I’m sure you wouldn’t want her to find out what’s been going on between you and that sexpot client of yours.
Patient: Look who’s talking! I’ll quit when you do, Dr. Smokestack!
Yes, Jill argues for deconstruction. But her mind is so open her brains are falling out. You can safely ignore whatever she has to say.
All of the really cool, intelligent, sophisticated students take critical thinking. Therefore, you should, too.
“Buy Michelin tires. Don’t risk your children’s safety by buying inferior brands.”
“Yes, obviously the President’s strategy in Iraq is working. The liberal media in this country just can’t stand the thought of us winning this war.”
I bet my husband will be glad that I was out drinking with my friends until 2 AM because he probably needed some time alone.
Officer: Excuse me, sir. Do you know how fast you were going? Driver: I never get over the sight of you mounted policemen. How do you leap down off the horse\'s back so fast? And you must have them well trained, not to run away when you dismount.