Airpower through the post cold war part 2
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Airpower Through The Post Cold War (Part 2). Overview. Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue Operation PROVIDE COMFORT/NORTHERN WATCH Background to conflict and lessons learned Operation SOUTHERN WATCH Background to conflict and lessons learned Operation PROVIDE RELIEF/RESTORE HOPE

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Overview
Overview

  • Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue

  • Operation PROVIDE COMFORT/NORTHERN WATCH

    • Background to conflict and lessons learned

  • Operation SOUTHERN WATCH

    • Background to conflict and lessons learned

  • Operation PROVIDE RELIEF/RESTORE HOPE

    • Background to conflict and lessons learned




The crisis in iraq
The Crisis in Iraq

  • UN Security Council established a “no-fly zone” over northern Iraq to protect the Kurdish people from attacks by Saddam Hussein

  • Operation Provide Comfort began on 5 Apr 91 as a humanitarian relief effort to deliver food, clothing, and supplies to Iraq’s Kurdish refugees

  • C-130s began airdropping supplies on 7 Apr 91

  • Lasted approximately eight years and was then replaced by Operation Northern Watch


The crisis in iraq lessons learned onw
The Crisis in IraqLessons Learned - ONW

  • The need to avoid “Fratricide”

  • The limitations of airdrops

  • Host-country tensions

  • The need for alternate bases

  • Lack of an “exit strategy”


The crisis in iraq1
The Crisis in Iraq

  • Operation Southern Watch (OSW) was a Combined Task Force enforcing the “no-fly zone” below the 36th parallel in southern Iraq

  • Not an aggression against Iraq – executed as a self-defense measure

  • Coalition partners included the U.S., UK, France, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait

  • More than 850 Iraqi SAM and AAA fire directed at coalition aircraft

  • Iraq violated the “no-fly zone” more than 160 times

  • More than 150,000 USAF sorties by 1998


What we ve effectively done since 1992 is conduct an air occupation of a country

“What we’ve effectively done since 1992 is conduct an air occupation of a country…”

Gen Fogleman, Jul 1995


The crisis in iraq lessons learned osw
The Crisis in Iraq air occupation of a country…”Lessons Learned - OSW

  • Became a test for USAF AEF concept in Oct 1995

  • Quality of life changes needed due to high “Ops-Tempo”

  • Reorganized Security Forces


The crisis in somalia
The Crisis in Somalia air occupation of a country…”

  • In-mid 1992, drought and civil war devastated Somalia

  • Food supplies became a weapon of war

  • Operation Provide Relief began on 22 Aug 1992 by the U.S. to deliver food to Somali refugees

  • Military and civilian aircraft used

  • Over 2,000 sorties, carrying 48,162 metric tons of food


The crisis in somalia1
The Crisis in Somalia air occupation of a country…”

  • Although a humanitarian effort:

    • 44 American soldiers lost their lives

    • 175 were injured or wounded

  • Danger of failure due to warlord interference

  • Operation Restore Hope

    • Coalition peacekeeping operation from 9 Dec 92 – 4 May 93

    • First test of Rapid Global Mobility from the CONUS


The crisis in somalia lessons learned
The Crisis in Somalia air occupation of a country…”Lessons Learned

  • First large scale test of newly formed AMC and the Tanker Airlift Control Center (TACC)

  • Difficulties evolved in the planning, coordinating and managing of the operation

  • Austere infrastructure of Somalia added to the lack of adequate bases for strategic airlift aircraft


Summary
Summary air occupation of a country…”

  • Background to the Conflict

  • Iraqi threats

  • Air Defense Threat

  • The Plan of Attack

  • Concept of Operations

  • Five Strategic Rings

  • Targets

  • Campaign Overview

  • Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue


Summary1
Summary air occupation of a country…”

  • Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue

    Operation PROVIDE COMFORT/NORTHERN WATCH

    • Background to conflict and lessons learned

  • Operation SOUTHERN WATCH

    • Background to conflict and lessons learned

  • Operation PROVIDE RELIEF/RESTORE HOPE

    • Background to conflict and lessons learned


Summary2
Summary air occupation of a country…”

  • Operation DENY FLIGHT

    • Background to conflict and lessons learned

  • Operation ALLIED FORCE

    • Background

    • NATO Actions

    • Operation ALLIED FORCE Begins

  • Operation ALLIED FORCE

    • Lessons learned by U.S. Military

    • Political Lessons Learned

    • Impact of Lessons Learned on Future DOD Budget

  • CFD Review


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