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UNIT 5 TEST REVIEW. AGRICULTURE. WHAT IS AGRICULTURE. AGRICULTURE. The process of growing plants or raising animals to produce food for sustenance or sale at the marketplace. ORINGINS OF AGRICULTURE. VEGETATIVE PLANTING.

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UNIT 5 TEST REVIEW

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UNIT 5 TEST REVIEW

AGRICULTURE


WHAT IS AGRICULTURE


AGRICULTURE

  • The process of growing plants or raising animals to produce food for sustenance or sale at the marketplace.


ORINGINS OF AGRICULTURE


VEGETATIVE PLANTING

  • Process of cultivating by simply cutting off a stem of another plant or by dividing roots of a plant; developed before seed agriculture.


SEED AGRICULTURE

  • Developed later than vegetative planting, this type of farming involves planting seeds rather than simply planting part of the parent plant.


AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTIONS


1ST AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION

  • Period marked by the development of seed agriculture and the use of animals in the farming process just 12,000 years ago; also called the Neolithic Revolution.


2nd Agricultural Revolution

  • It was a precursor to the Industrial Revolution.

  • There were many new innovations in farming including the enclosure movement, the seed drill, new fertilizers, and more efficient irrigation and drainage.


TYPES OF AGRICULTURE


SUBSISTENCE FARMING

  • Growing only enough food to feed the farmer’s own families.


SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE

  • Shifting cultivation

  • Intensive subsistence agriculture

  • Pastoralism


COMMERCIAL FARMING

  • Growing food to be sold in grocery stores and markets, not just to be eaten by the farmers themselves.


COMMERICAL AGRICULTURE

  • Mixed crop and livestock

  • Ranching

  • Dairy farming

  • Plantation farming

  • Truck farming


AGRICULTURAL MAPS


Von Thünen’s Model


KEY TERMS


AGRIBUSINESS

  • System of food production involving everything from the development of seeds to the marketing and sale of food products at the market.


GREEN REVOLUTION

  • It began in the 1940’s and developed new strains of hybrid seeds and fertilizers that dramatically increased the crop output possible from each farm.


BIOTECHNOLOGY

  • Using living organisms to produce or change plant or animal products


GENETIC MODIFICATION

  • Form of biotechnology that uses scientific, genetic manipulation of crop and animal products to improve agricultural productivity and products.


Organic Farming

  • It is a type of sustainable agriculture, that is, an agricultural practice that preserves and enhances environmental quality.


THE THIRD AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION

Pg. 241-245 in the Test Prep Book


WHAT IS THE 3RD AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION

  • This revolution distributed mechanized farming technology and chemical fertilizers on a global level. Farming and food processing were completed at different sites.


INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURE

  • It became more for commercial farmers to harvest their crops and ship them off to food-processing sites to be packaged for marketing and distribution.

  • This has led to the globalization of farming. Often food sold in grocery stores throughout MDCs is often grown in LDCs and shipped to factories for processing and to markets in MDCs.


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