Machado Case. Foreseeable but Unforeseen Consequences. Source of Machado Case. www.computingcases.org Three cases Therac-25 Case Hughes Aircraft Case Machado Case. Cases Compiled by Students. National Science Foundation Project DUE-9972280 DUE-9980768
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Foreseeable but Unforeseen Consequences
Analogy between design and ethics
Step One:Problem Specification
2a. Is the problem a disagreement on facts? What are the facts? What are cost and time constraints on uncovering and communicating these facts?
2b. Is the problem a disagreement on a critical concept? What is the concept? Can agreement be reached by consulting legal or regulatory information on the concept? (For example, if the concept in question is safety, can disputants consult engineering codes, legal precedents, or ethical literature that helps provide consensus? Can disputants agree on positive and negative paradigm cases so the concept disagreement can be resolved through line-drawing methods?
2c. Use the table to identify and locate value conflicts within the STS. Can the problem be specified as a mismatch between a technology and the existing STS, a mismatch within the STS exacerbated by the introduction of the technology, or by overlooked results?
Brainstorm Ten Solutions
Avoid Dilemma Framing
Reduce and Refine List
Test for Ethics and Global Feasibility
Implement your solution over feasibility constraints