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The Quiet Economic Miracle?. The European Economy. In the News. French Oui vs. Non campaign http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4442823.stm http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4446711.stm Basque Nationalists Win Seats http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4453239.stm.

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the quiet economic miracle

The Quiet Economic Miracle?

The European Economy

in the news
In the News . . .
  • French Oui vs. Non campaign
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4442823.stm
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4446711.stm
  • Basque Nationalists Win Seats
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4453239.stm
the new economy
The “New Economy”
  • In late 1990s, Europeans began to talk of new economic paradigm
    • Low wages, low unemployment, low or no inflation, high growth
      • “Goldilocks economy”—not too cold, not too. . .
    • “new economy”
      • Efficient computerized systems (labor)
      • Global competition in labor markets
      • Lower prices for many industrial raw materials
    • Growth did not spark inflation
  • Jeremy Rifkin views this new paradigm in Europe as a quiet revolution
rifkin p 59
Rifkin, p. 59

“While we Americans continue to look to the Pacific and Asian economies for signs of quickening competition and greater commercial opportunities, a quiet economic revolution of a different sort is taking place in the land of our European forebears, of which we know very little and to which we are ill prepared to respond.”

european economic growth
European Economic Growth
  • According to Rifkin:
    • EU World’s largest trader in services
    • EU’s GDP higher than US
    • EU’s population 455 million; US 293 million
  • In 2000 EU heads of state agreed to “Lisbon Agenda”
    • To make EU "the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-driven economy by 2010"
european economic growth1
European Economic Growth
  • National examples
      • Ireland as “Celtic Tiger”: High tech-informational or ICT (information and communications technologies) economy
        • Dell, IBM, Microsoft, Compaq, Sun Microsystems, Cisco, Gateway, Oracle, Hewlett-Packard, Novell, AOL, and Ericsson.
        • Finland and Sweden too
        • Challenged by dot.com bust
      • Dutch “Polder Model” in mid-late 1990s
        • Consensus economic policymaking
          • Between government, unions and employers
          • Led to low wages, no unemployment, high growth
      • Polder model has since collapsed?
        • Decline in Dutch economic growth
          • 1999: 3.9% 2000: 3.3% 2001: 1.3% 2002: 0.2%
          • Unemployment above 5%
  • Turnaround has led to questioning
economic miracle
Economic Miracle?
  • According to study by Dr Fredrik Bergström, President of the Swedish Research Institute of Trade, and Mr Robert Gidehag, President of the Swedish Taxpayer\'s Association entitled EU vs. USA
    • GDP per capita in EU is well below US
    • Without major structural reforms has no hope of reaching US levels
    • Is failing to live up to Lisbon Agenda
      • “Euroschlerosis”? Burdensome gov’t programs
economic miracle1
Economic Miracle?
        • According to study by Dr Fredrik Bergström, President of the Swedish Research Institute of Trade, and Mr Robert Gidehag, President of the Swedish Taxpayer\'s Association entitled EU vs. USA
          • GDP per capita in EU is well below US
          • Without major structural reforms has no hope of reaching US levels
          • Is failing to live up to Lisbon Agenda
  • EU Commission Report (Jan 26, 2005) pointed to renewed ways to meet Lisbon goals
    • Economic prosperity will follow political solidarity and security
    • Effective EU governance, enforcing legislation
    • Adopting the Constitution!
us and europe comparing chalk and cheese
US and Europe: ‘Comparing Chalk and Cheese’?
  • GDP is a poor statistical measure of quality of life
    • Measures value of goods and services produced in a country in a year
      • Includes all economic activities as positive value
        • Clean-up of pollution
        • Costs of non-productive social services like prisons, hospitals, defense, policing, courts.
      • Many things that don’t improve quality of life of citizens
  • Need to question GDP as measure of economic wellbeing
    • Fails to account for income distribution and individual debt (actually shows as a GDP gain)
    • Balance of Trade: national debt
best place in the world
Best Place in the World
  • http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4020523.stm
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