Chapter 12 westward expansion
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

Chapter 12 Westward Expansion PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 79 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Chapter 12 Westward Expansion. Section 2 Independence for Texas. A Clash of Cultures. Conflict over Texas began in 1803 Americans believed it was part of Louisiana Purchase. Spain Disagreed 1819 U.S. agreed to drop claim (Adams-Onis Treaty) Davy Crockett – Texas in 1835

Download Presentation

Chapter 12 Westward Expansion

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 12 westward expansion

Chapter 12 Westward Expansion

Section 2 Independence for Texas


A clash of cultures

A Clash of Cultures

  • Conflict over Texas began in 1803

    • Americans believed it was part of Louisiana Purchase.

    • Spain Disagreed

    • 1819 U.S. agreed to drop claim (Adams-Onis Treaty)

  • Davy Crockett – Texas in 1835

    • Wanted to help Texans


A clash of cultures1

A Clash of Cultures

  • 3, 000 Tejanos- Mexicans who claimed Texas as their home.

  • Native Americans- Comanche, Apaches, and Kiowa

  • Spain offered Land Grants to promote growth of Texas.

    • Persons who arranged for the settlement of land in Texas: Empresarios


A clash of cultures2

A Clash of Cultures

  • Moses Austin- 1821 first land grant

    • Died before colony established

    • Son Stephen Austin continued colony

  • Stephen F. Austin

    • 300 settlers (Old Three Hundred)

    • “Father of Texas”

    • Advocate for settlers

    • First Secretary of state for Texas

    • Capital of Texas is named after him


A clash of cultures3

A Clash of Cultures

  • 1823- 1825 Mexico Colonization Laws

    • Learn Spanish

    • Become Mexican Citizens

    • Convert to Catholicism

    • Obey all Mexican Laws

    • Settlers would receive land with reduced or no taxes.


A clash of cultures4

A Clash of Cultures

  • 1830 More Americans than Tejanos – and had not adopted Mexican ways.

  • Issued a decree (official order) to stop all immigration from the U. S.

  • Tax was placed on imports from the U.S.

  • New Laws angered Texans.


A clash of cultures5

A Clash of Cultures

  • 1833 General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna – became President of Mexico

  • Stephen F. Austin- demands: remove bans, allow Texas to become a separate state.

  • Santa Anna overthrows Mexican constitution and names himself dictator of Mexico.


Struggle for independence

Struggle for Independence

  • 1835- Open Conflict begins.

  • Gonzales- first battle of the Texas Revolution

  • December 1835- San Antonio freed

  • Texans think the war is over- just the beginning.


Battle of the alamo

Battle of the Alamo

  • February 1836 – Mission –

    • Had cannons, lacked gunpowder

    • Only 180 soldiers against several thousands

    • Leaders

      • Davy Crockett

      • Jim Bowie

      • William B. Travis – Commander


Battle of the alamo1

Battle of the Alamo

  • Held Santa Anna off for 12 days

  • March 6, 1836, Alamo fell

  • A few women and children survived

  • Santa Anna’s aide “The Texans fought more like devils than like men.”

  • Bought Texans some much needed time.


Texas independence

Texas Independence

  • March 2, 1836

  • Similar to the Declaration of Independence of the United States

  • Santa Anna had violated liberties

    • Deprived Texans of freedom of religion

    • Trial by jury

    • Right to bear arms


Texas independence1

Texas Independence

  • Mexican Troops- Could not hold general election

  • Texans leaders selected officers until an election could be held

  • Sam Houston as Commander in Chief of troops

    • Raised among Cherokee

    • Fought along side Andrew Jackson


Texas independence2

Texas Independence

  • Sam Houston ordered troops at Goliad to abandon their post-

    • Ran into Mexican troops.

    • Surrendered

    • Santa Anna orders –execute them

    • Texans outraged “Goliad Massacre”


Battle of san jacinto

Battle of San Jacinto

  • Page 367

  • Sam Houston + 900 troops

  • San Jacinto (present day Houston)

  • April 21-

  • “Remember the Alamo!”

  • “Remember Goliad!”

  • Santa Anna captured

  • May 14, 1836 – Santa Anna signed treaty

  • Texas won its independence.


Lone star republic

Lone Star Republic

  • Sam Houston elected President 1836

  • Mirabeau Lamar Vice president

  • Texans asked U.S. to take control (annex) Texas.

  • Andrew Jackson refused.

    • Texas was a slave state- would upset the balance.


Lone star republic1

Lone Star Republic

  • Texas faced political and financial difficulties.

  • Mexican government refused to honor Santa Anna’s treaty- war continued.

  • John Tyler – supported annexation of Texas – Senate did not


Texas becomes a state

Texas Becomes a State

  • 1844 Manifest Destiny

  • December 29, 1845 President James K. Polk- Senate agree-

  • Texas becomes a state of the United States – 9 years after winning independence


  • Login