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Ch 3 & 4. Mental/Emotional Health Personality and Emotions. Personality. Same Factors that influence your health influence your personality Heredity Environment Attitude Behavior Media Technology. Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.

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Ch 3 & 4

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Ch 3 4

Ch 3 & 4

Mental/Emotional Health

Personality and Emotions


Personality

Personality

  • Same Factors that influence your health influence your personality

    • Heredity

    • Environment

    • Attitude

    • Behavior

    • Media

    • Technology


Maslow s hierarchy of needs

Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs


Maslow s hierarchy of needs1

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs


Erikson s 8 stages of development

Erikson’s 8 Stages of Development

  • 0-1Basic Trust or Mistrust

  • Child’s feelings of being loved result in trust or mistrust leads to chaos 

  • 1-3Autonomy or Shame and Doubt

  • Praise for learning and control of bodily functions bring independence or criticism and neglect lead to shame and doubt 

  • 3-6Initiative or guilt

  • Praise for efforts leads to initiative, with development of memory and desire to begin learning adult roles. results in guilt

  • 6-11Industry or Inferiority

  • Feelings of worth and competence result in desire to learn and be productive or lack of industry or sense of self worth leads to feelings of inferiority in

  • Comparison to others

  •  12-19Identity or role confusion

    • Sexual maturation and questions about identity lead to development of friendships or inability to separate from family results in adult role confusion

  •  Young AdultIntimacy or isolation

  • Shares self with others or inability to commit self leads to isolation 

  • Middle AdultGenerativity or Stagnation

  • Has desire to contribute to community or is self absorbed

  • Late AdultIntegrity or Despair

  • Accepts fact of death and remembers life fondly or fears death and feels sense of failure


  • Mental health

    Mental Health

    • Having a positive outlook, being comfortable with yourself and others, and being able to meet life’s challenges and demands.


    Signs of good mental health

    Signs of good Mental Health

    • Realistic about strengths and weaknesses

    • Responsible for their personal behavior

    • Open minded and flexible

    • Fun-loving and able to relax alone or with others

    • Avoid high risk behaviors, (tobacco, alcohol, and drugs)

    • Respect both their own and others’ needs

    • Respect everyone’s value as a human being-including their own

    • Express their emotions in ways that do not hurt themselves or others

    • Invest time and energy into nourishing relationships

    • Put their talents and abilities to good use

    • View change as a challenge and an opportunity


    Road blocks to mental health

    Road Blocks to mental health

    • All or nothing thinking

    • Expecting the worst in others or yourself

    • Being a perfectionist

    • Letting your actions or words betray your values

      • How you see yourself may have a lot to do with how others see you.

        • Pat on the back


    Character traits

    Character traits

    • Trustworthiness

    • Respect

    • Responsibility

    • Fairness

    • Caring

    • Citizenship

      • Who is your role model? How do they demonstrate these characteristics? Who are you a role model for? How might they see you demonstrating these characteristics?

        • Portfolio entry?


    Defensive mechanisms

    Defensive Mechanisms

    • Repression (unconscious)

    • Rationalization (excuse)

    • Regression (childish)

    • Denial (refusal)

    • Compensation (strength/weakness)

    • Projection (own attribution’s to another)

    • Idealization (fantasy-over-estimate admired)

    • Reaction Formation (opposite)

    • Daydreaming (lost in thought)

    • Sublimation (procrastination)

    • Displacement (redirecting to another)

    • Ventilation (letting steam go)

    • Placebo (thinking..motivation?)


    Defensive mechanisms1

    Defensive Mechanisms

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FnRBAU6Yg2A


    Tuesday 9 25

    Tuesday-9/25

    • Pick up your Promethean Clicker (leave it off)

    • Get ready for our first activity!


    How many can you name

    How many can you name?

    Group 1

    • Ari

    • Dana

    • Max

    • Dean

    • Colton

    • Rikki

    • Zach S.

    • Hannah

    • Steven

    • Matt

    • Lily

    • Abbey

    • Sam

    Group 2

    • John

    • Lexie

    • James

    • Ethan

    • Hannah

    • Talia

    • Michael

    • Mara

    • Zachary R.

    • Alex

    • Alyssa

    • Brady

    • Morgan


    How many can you name1

    How many can you name?

    • Sports played with a ball


    How many can you name2

    How many can you name?

    • Fruits


    How many can you name3

    How many can you name?

    • Toppings on a pizza


    How many can you name4

    How many can you name?

    • TV Shows


    How many can you name5

    How many can you name?

    • Movies


    How many can you name6

    How many can you name?

    • Song Titles


    How many can you name7

    How many can you name?

    • Animals with 4 legs


    How many can you name8

    How many can you name?

    • States


    How many can you name9

    How many can you name?

    • Capitols


    How many can you name10

    How many can you name?

    • Yogurt Brands


    How many can you name11

    How many can you name?

    • Mountains


    How many can you name12

    How many can you name?

    • Foods that start with the letter “E”


    How many can you name13

    How many can you name?

    • Rivers


    Stressors

    Stressors

    • Kinds of Stressors

      • Biological

        • Changes in body, illness, injury, disability

      • Environmental

        • Unsafe area, media, natural disasters, war

      • Cognitive (Thinking)

        • Self-esteem, personal appearance, not fitting in

      • Personal Behavior

        • Busy schedule, Relationship issues, smoking, alcohol

      • Life situation

        • School demands, bullying, peer pressure, family problems


    Stress

    stress

    How do you cope with stress?


    Stress mail

    Stress mail

    From: sam@stressedandlonely.com

    To: Stress Mail

    Subject: Stress in the family

    My parents are getting a

    divorce, and I’m really stressed

    out about it. I can’t stop

    thinking about what’s going to

    happen to my family. I don’t

    feel like hanging out with any

    of my friends, and I don’t think

    there’s anyone I can talk to who

    will understand what I’m going

    through. When someone does try

    to talk to me, I snap at them

    and tell them to leave me alone.

    I don’t know what to do to get

    this knot out of my stomach.

    From: kate@stressfulschedule.com

    To: Stress Mail

    Subject: Stress on the go

    I am so stressed! I barely have a

    minute to relax all day long. Before

    school, I go to swim practice, and

    after school, I work on the school

    newspaper and have piano lessons. On

    Saturday mornings, I volunteer at the

    local hospital. Then the rest of the

    weekend, I try to catch up on the

    schoolwork that I didn’t have time for

    all week. I never see my friends, and

    I always eat on the run. I’m starting

    to have headaches an d stomachaches.

    What should I do?


    General adaptation syndrome

    General adaptation syndrome


    Targets

    Targets

    • Identify the physical and mental responses of stress.

    • Identify what causes stress.

    • Explain techniques of coping with stress.

    • Apply their knowledge of coping with stress to a given situation.


    Stages of the stress response

    Stages of the stress response

    • Alarm

    • Resistance

    • Fatigue

      • Physical

      • Pathological

      • Psychological


    Personality type

    Personality type

    • Type A……HardyPersonality…….Type B

      • Commitment

      • Control

      • Change


    Stress related symptoms

    Stress related symptoms

    • BP

    • Headache

    • Asthma

    • Immune system weakened

    • psychosomatic response


    Stress and your body 1 6

    Stress and your body (1-6)

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kh97RaxaCJQ&feature=list_related&playnext=1&list=SP55F5CD398A2037CF

    • Stress portrait of a killer

      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eYG0ZuTv5rs&feature=related


    Stress relaxation

    Stress Relaxation

    • Eat healthy meals with plenty of fruits and vegetables

    • • Maintain daily routine and schedule

    • • Exercise regularly

    • • Avoid caffeine (can increase feelings of anxiety and agitation)

    • • Do things you enjoy (for example: art, listening to music, being outdoors,

    • dancing, writing poetry, reading, etc.)

    • • Get good amounts of rest and sleep

    • • Avoid alcohol, tobacco and drugs

    • • State feelings in a clear way (for example: “I feel angry when you yell at me.”)

    • • Decrease negative self talk (for example: transform “My grades will never get any

    • better.” to “I may not be doing to well now, but my grades can improve if I get

    • extra help and I do all my homework.”)

    • • Be with friends who help you cope in a positive way

    • • Learn relaxation techniques (such as: deep breathing, muscle relaxation,

    • meditation)

    • • Talk to caring adults

    • •Humor/laughter

    • http://swearercenter.brown.edu/Literacy_Resources/StressReductionActivities.pdf

      • Relaxation activities


    Grieving

    Grieving

    • DENIALANGERBARGANINGDEPRESSIONACCEPTANCE


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