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Udaipur. LAKE CITY …….. situated in southern Rajasthan is one of the Beautiful place’s in India. BEAUTY. UDAIPUR from years is known for its beautiful lake ,forts and has been a major tourist spot ……. Lakes in Udaipur. Fateh Sagar Pichola Lake

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Udaipur

LAKE CITY …….. situated in southern Rajasthan is one of the

Beautiful place’s in India


BEAUTY

UDAIPUR from years is known for its beautiful lake ,forts and has been a major tourist spot …….


Lakes in udaipur
Lakes in Udaipur

  • Fateh Sagar

  • Pichola Lake

  • Rangsagar lake

  • Swaroopsagar Lake

  • Badi Lake


Our Main Concern :

  • Fateh Sagar Lake

The Lake is situated in the north of Udaipur city, as apart

of the western lake frontage. The lake was constructed in

the year 1678A.D. and then renovated in 1889A.D. by

Maharana Fateh Singh. The dam of this reservoir is

720m in length and about 100m in breadth. The lake has

a catchment area of 53.66km.The greatest depth of the

Lake lies near the middle of the dam i.e. 13.4 m. The

total spread is 4.0 sq. kms.


A Banjara chieftain initially constructed the lake in the

14th century. Rana Udai Singh further raised its

embankment in 1560 A.D. The water spread of the lake

is 6.96 kms. And has a maximum depth of 10.5 m

towards the west where the Kotra River drains into the

lake. The lake forms the main source of drinking water

for the city. The river Sisarma, a tributary of the Kotra is

the chief source of water to the lake


Harsh Reality

But ……………………in recent years the pollution (majorly water pollution ) level has increased so much that udaipur is loosing its scenic beauty …………..




Surveys

Water quality of Fatehsagar lake:



Effects

  • The aquatic species are suffering the most. Fishes are dying because of non availability of Oxygen since the water surface is covered with watercress .

  • Also chemical water is directly dumped in the water bodies without any treatment which is affecting aquatic life.

  • Accumulation of bioaccumulative and non-biodegradable pollutants in animal bodies which is leading to the death of aquatic animals and plants and this effect is than continued in the food chain


Effect on HUMANS :

  • Increased incidence of tumours, ulcers due to nitrate pollution.

  • Increased incidence of skin disorders due to contact with pollutants.

  • Increased incidence of constipation, diarrhea and infections to intestine.

  • Dangerous effects on growing foetus in pregnant women.

  • Concentration of pollutants due to bioaccumulative pesticides. through secondary and tertiary food chain in case of non - vegetarians.

  • Still births, abortions and birth of deformed children.

  • 'Blue baby' disease caused by methane globinemia - which results in asphyxia (reduced O2 supply).

  • Reduced activity of immune system.

  • Loss of memory power and reduced mental sharpness.

  • Water borne diseases like jaundice, hepatitis, gasteroenteritis will be more prevalent due to water pollution.

  • Reduced bone development and muscular development.

  • Reduced male fertility.

  • Shifts in physiological cycles of human body.


Udaipur Purification Plant:

  • There are 3 main water purification plants in Udaipur :

  • Doodh Talai

  • Jaisamand

  • Udaisagar

We visitedDoodh Talai plant


Step 1- Raw water collection

Pic-2

Pic-1

In this step chlorine gas and alum are added in certain amount of ppm depending on tubidity of water.


Step 2- Flux Removal

Water flowing from inside to outside tank

Pic-3

Pic-4

After first step treatment water is collected in the centre tank and allow to stand. So that the flux formed is seperated. Then this water is pumped from bottom to top in outer tank, known as sedimentation tank. These tanks are 20 ft deep.


Step 3- Filteration

Pic-5

contd....


Pic-6

Water from the sedimentation tank is passed into these two filter bed. In these bed the water is passed through the bed of sand and gravels.


By the end of these processes the water is free from macroscopic pollutants.

Pic-7

This water is transferred to a storage tank where chlorine gas is passed through it in optimum amount.


Step 4- Storage and Final chlorination macroscopic pollutants.

Pic-8

This collected water is pumped to different parts of the city.


Others pics of the plant macroscopic pollutants.

Chlorine gas cylinders

Chlorine gas


Measures going on in the city to control this\ macroscopic pollutants.

  • Rajasthan Patrika is running “AMRATAM JALAM” program which is receiving great response from the public

  • Jheel Sanrakshan Society, Udaipur too is working along with the public cooperation and working at a great pace.

  • Clubs of udaipur like .. Lions’ Club , Rotary Club , Field Club and many Non Governmental Organisations too are running many programs for saving the beauty of UDAIPUR.


SUGGESTIONS : macroscopic pollutants.

  • Bury or flush pet wastes down the drain.

  • Recycle as much plastic and other materials as possible.

  • Dispose of all unused household hazardous wastes at your local disposal site.

  • Use NATURAL alternatives.

  • Put litter into garbage cans, never throw it into storm drains or the street.


More suggestions please!!! macroscopic pollutants.


Presented by : macroscopic pollutants.

  • Arpit Harkawat (Y10uc080)

  • Kapil Tilwani (Y10uc142)

  • Nikunj Bhargava (Y10uc196)


It’s our humble request to all of you to please save the water bodies and to cooperate the working teams in their motive.

Thank You.


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