PERSPECTIVES FOR BIOFUELS IN BRAZIL. Marco Antônio Almeida Secretary of Oil , Natural Gas and Renewable Fuels. BRAZIL – ASEAN COUNTRIES MEETING. June , 18 th. 2012. The Perspectives for Biofuels in Brazil. Introduction
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Marco Antônio Almeida
SecretaryofOil, Natural Gas andRenewableFuels
BRAZIL – ASEAN COUNTRIES MEETING
June, 18th. 2012
Regulatory Framework and Public Policies for Ethanol and Biodiesel (Agro-ecological Zoning and Social Fuel Certificate)
Uses in other sectors (P&D – Bioplastics / Biochemicals)
Infrastructure Projects for Ethanol in Brazil
International cooperation in bioenergy
* Automotive use only
Source: MME (2011)
Efective Economy of 1.6 billion boe or 2 years
of the Brazilian oil production today*
IN THIS PERIOD, DUE TO ETHANOL USAGE, IT WAS AVOIDED THE EMISSIONS OF 950 MILLIONS OF TONS OF CO2
* Considers Daily Production in Brazil of 2,200,000 Barrels of Oil per day
Only the natural growth of B5 will demand
3.8 billion liters in 2020
Total oil and fatty acid produced
Installed Capacity (2011)
Demand Expected for B5
Source: MME / PDE 2011-2020/ (Biodiesel demand projection for B5)
Biofuels are now treated as fuels inserted in the Brazilian energy mix and not only as an agriculture product. This understanding is boosted by the ethanol and biodiesel growing utilization, both in Brazil and abroad, that demonstrates the relevant role and potential of biofuels.
US$ / Family per Year
of the Families
due to Biodiesel
Source: MDA, MME (2011)
The BNDES launched PAISS (Joint Programme of Technological and Innovation Support for Sugarcane Sector), were selected from 25 companies that submitted 35 business plans, which will generate investments of about $ 3 billion.
In 2011, the demand for non-fuel ethanol (other uses) has reached 1.1 billion liters.
Source: ICONE, ESALQ and IBGE. Elaboration: COSAN and UNICA
Agricultural zoning as a guarantee for public and private investments and a recommendation of suitable areas for production
Agrozoning for Soy, Sunflower, Castor,
Palm, Cotton Seed etc.
Focus = arcofdeforestation
Sugarcane Expansion with
65 million ha
or 7,5% of the territory (green areas)
Focus = coastareas
32 million ha
or 3,7% of the territory (brown areas)
7,4 Mm³ / ano
Dutos já licenciados
RIO DE JANEIRO/
Dutos não licenciados
ILHA D’ ÁGUA
Dutos de exportação
Sistema de dutos existente
Trecho já licenciado
exportaçãoDedicated Infrastructure for Ethanol Distribution
1800 km ofdedicated pipelines
US$ 4.2 billions
Map of International Agreements on Bioenergy sign by Brazilian Representatives
Nearly 1/3 of the whole nations
* Includes MoUs, partnerships and other agreements signed directly by any Federal Government Department or Agency or Public Enterprise. It was considered bilateral agreements, cooperation in third countries and agreements signed with economic or regional blocks.
Climatic and SoilZoning
Areaswith Human Activities
Final result: A biomass cogeneration project has been approved in Honduras and its Executive Project is to be finished soon. Similarly, Senegal, Mozambique and Zambia also have projects (ethanol and biomass) in the same phase.
Identification of suitable areas that will be checked later in field visits to assess the infrastructure and the vocation for the implementation of local productive arrangement for a particular type of project.
Soil Zoning: Areas with suitability for cultivation
Environmental Zoning: Areas without restriction and with less biodiversity
Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) – Initiative proposed by the G8 and led by Italy, with Brazil later joined and acted as co-chair along with Italy.
Changes in the regulatory framework for biofuels in Brazil have been implemented to focus on the character of the energy aspect of biofuels and expanding Regulatory Agency powers;