Perspectives for biofuels in brazil
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PERSPECTIVES FOR BIOFUELS IN BRAZIL. Marco Antônio Almeida Secretary of Oil , Natural Gas and Renewable Fuels. BRAZIL – ASEAN COUNTRIES MEETING. June , 18 th. 2012. The Perspectives for Biofuels in Brazil. Introduction

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PERSPECTIVES FOR BIOFUELS IN BRAZIL

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Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

PERSPECTIVES FOR BIOFUELS IN BRAZIL

Marco Antônio Almeida

SecretaryofOil, Natural Gas andRenewableFuels

BRAZIL – ASEAN COUNTRIES MEETING

June, 18th. 2012


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

The Perspectives for Biofuels in Brazil

Introduction

Regulatory Framework and Public Policies for Ethanol and Biodiesel (Agro-ecological Zoning and Social Fuel Certificate)

Uses in other sectors (P&D – Bioplastics / Biochemicals)

Infrastructure Projects for Ethanol in Brazil

International cooperation in bioenergy

Final Remarks


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

Fuel Mix - 2011 and Recent Evolution

* Automotive use only

  • Highlights:

    • Biodiesel growth;

    • Ethanol shortening.

Source: MME (2011)


Ethanol forecast pde 2020

million m³

Ethanol for Internal Fuel Market

Ethanol for Exports

Ethanol Forecast (PDE 2020)

20.6

Closed Figures for 2011

2.0


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

Ethanol Use Benefits in Brazil

Efective Economy of 1.6 billion boe or 2 years

of the Brazilian oil production today*

IN THIS PERIOD, DUE TO ETHANOL USAGE, IT WAS AVOIDED THE EMISSIONS OF 950 MILLIONS OF TONS OF CO2

* Considers Daily Production in Brazil of 2,200,000 Barrels of Oil per day


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

Biodiesel Forecast (PDE 2020)

Only the natural growth of B5 will demand

3.8 billion liters in 2020

Million m³

Total oil and fatty acid produced

Installed Capacity (2011)

Demand Expected for B5

Source: MME / PDE 2011-2020/ (Biodiesel demand projection for B5)


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

Policy and Regulatory Framework

  • One of the Brazilian energy policy targets is to increase the share of biofuels in the national energy mix.

  • The main general instruments include:

  • Mandatory mix: ethanol (E18-25) and biodiesel (B5).

  • Stimulate flex-fuel fleet

  • Tax differentiation regime in federal level.

  • Line of credit for ethanol strategic buffer stocks (conceived to improve off-season supply conditions).

  • Public auctions for biodiesel market supply.

  • Agro-ecological zoning that orients and guarantees that raw-material production will take place only in suitable areas. The Brazilian government managed to conclude the sugarcane (2009) and palm oil (2010).


Recent modifications on biofuels regulation

  • Biofuels are now treated as fuels inserted in the Brazilian energy mix and not only as an agriculture product. This understanding is boosted by the ethanol and biodiesel growing utilization, both in Brazil and abroad, that demonstrates the relevant role and potential of biofuels.

  • Both ethanol and biodiesel have an uniform treatment regarding their role in National Energy Policy.

  • The National Energy Policy Council (CNPE) has, from now on, authority to establish the directions for biofuels imports and exports in the same way that it already has for all oil derivatives such as gasoline, diesel and jet fuel.

Recent Modifications on Biofuels Regulation


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

Biodiesel Policy

  • The mandatory policy of B5 is the most important incentive and it is guaranteed through trimestral public auctions;

  • Tax policy regime according to the region in which biodiesel is produced and also the type of agriculture that provides all or part of raw material;

  • The industry that buy, at least, a defined amount of raw-material from small agriculture receive a Social Fuel Certificate - SFC;

  • The amount of raw-material required differs depending on the agriculture region:

    • South, Southeast and Northeast – 30%

    • North and Midwest – 15%

  • 80% of the market is reserved to producers that owns a SFC

  • The government is now focusing on policies to induce the diversification of raw-materials for biodiesel production (palm oil, jatropha etc.).


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

Social FuelCertificateResults

US$ / Family per Year

Families

Total Income

of the Families

due to Biodiesel

Total

Biodiesel Production

Source: MDA, MME (2011)


New uses in other sectors p d

  • The BNDES launched PAISS (Joint Programme of Technological and Innovation Support for Sugarcane Sector), were selected from 25 companies that submitted 35 business plans, which will generate investments of about $ 3 billion.

    • The PAISS fosters research and development of cellulosic ethanol. If made ​​viable economically, the cellulosic ethanol could increase the productivity of the sector in more than 40%.

  • Among the entities who study the processes of production of ethanol from lignocellulose in Brazil, stand out:

    • CENPES - Petrobras;

    • Laboratório Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Bioetanol (CTBE) - MCT;

    • Centro de Tecnologia Canavieira – CTC;

    • Embrapa Agroenergia;

    • Dedini S/A Indústrias de Base.

New Uses in Other Sectors (P&D)


Bioplastics in ten years from now

  • In 2011, the demand for non-fuel ethanol (other uses) has reached 1.1 billion liters.

  • It is estimated that demand for non-fuel ethanol (other uses) will reach 3.5 billion liters in 2020 (PDE 2020).

    • 14% growth rate.

Bioplastics in Ten Years From Now


Land use in brazil

Land Use in Brazil

Others

15

2%

Arable Land

Total Area

Native Vegetation

Available

Pasture

Agriculture

Sugarcane

2009 Data

Source: ICONE, ESALQ and IBGE. Elaboration: COSAN and UNICA


Agricultural zoning

AgriculturalZoning

Agricultural zoning as a guarantee for public and private investments and a recommendation of suitable areas for production

Agrozoning for Soy, Sunflower, Castor,

Palm, Cotton Seed etc.

North Region

Focus = arcofdeforestation

Sugarcane Expansion with

Agroecological Requirements

Maximum allowed:

65 million ha

or 7,5% of the territory (green areas)

NortheastRegion

Focus = coastareas

Maximum allowed:

32 million ha

or 3,7% of the territory (brown areas)


Dedicated infrastructure for ethanol distribution

GO

JATAÍ

Out/16

2,0 Mm³

ITUMBIARA

0,8 Mm³

QUIRINÓPOLIS

MG

5,2 Mm³

Dec/14

UBERABA

APARECIDA

q

Out/14

TABOADO

q

7,4 Mm³ / ano

2,3 Mm³

Out/13

q

RIBEIRÃO

MS

80 barcaças

q

PRETO

ARAÇATUBA

q

Out/13

2,5 Mm³

11,7 Mm³

Mar/13

PRESIDENTE

EPITÁCIO

4,0 Mm³

SP

RJ

Out/14

PAULÍNIA

9,1 Mm³

Jul/12

ANHEMBÍ

Ago/15

6,2 Mm³

4 Mm³

14,6 Mm³

Hidrovia

GUARAREMA

Dutos já licenciados

Jul/14

REVAP

RIO DE JANEIRO/

Out/16

BARUERI

TERMINAL

Dutos não licenciados

PR

ILHA D’ ÁGUA

GUARULHOS

Dutos de exportação

7 Mm³

CARAGUATATUBA

3,6 Mm³

Jul/13

Sistema de dutos existente

Trecho já licenciado

-

exportação

Dedicated Infrastructure for Ethanol Distribution

1800 km ofdedicated pipelines

US$ 4.2 billions

16 Terminals


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

BioenergyInternationalCooperation

Map of International Agreements on Bioenergy sign by Brazilian Representatives

77 countries

Nearly 1/3 of the whole nations

* Includes MoUs, partnerships and other agreements signed directly by any Federal Government Department or Agency or Public Enterprise. It was considered bilateral agreements, cooperation in third countries and agreements signed with economic or regional blocks.


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

Feasibility Studies on Bioenergy

  • Brazil has already financed feasibility studies on bioenergy projects in six countries in Central America and in six countries in Africa:

  • El Salvador, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Honduras, Guatemala, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea-Conakry, Liberia, Mozambique e Zambia. Angola and Tanzania are the next candidates.

  • Business models designed for these countries have demonstrated the economic, social and environmental viability of projects for sugarcane production and ethanol distilleries, production of vegetable oils and biodiesel, biomass power plants for electricity generation, and production of wood and pellets.


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

FeasibilityStudies – Honduras

AgroclimaticZoning

SoilZoning

Climatic and SoilZoning

HydrousDeficiency

Rain Data

HumidAreas

Soil

Evapotranspiration

AverageTemperature

SlopeAreas

EnvironmentalZoning

ProtectedAreas

Areaswith Human Activities

Final result: A biomass cogeneration project has been approved in Honduras and its Executive Project is to be finished soon. Similarly, Senegal, Mozambique and Zambia also have projects (ethanol and biomass) in the same phase.


Perspectives for biofuels in brazil

FeasibilityStudies – Guatemala

End result:

Identification of suitable areas that will be checked later in field visits to assess the infrastructure and the vocation for the implementation of local productive arrangement for a particular type of project.

Soil Zoning: Areas with suitability for cultivation

Environmental Zoning: Areas without restriction and with less biodiversity


Sustainability work on gbep

  • Global Bioenergy Partnership (GBEP) – Initiative proposed by the G8 and led by Italy, with Brazil later joined and acted as co-chair along with Italy.

  • In January this year, GBEP published the report "The Global Bioenergy Partnership Sustainability Indicators for Bioenergy", which presents the 24 selected indicators for sustainable production and use of bioenergy.

  • The GBEP sustainability assessment through the 24 proposed indicators will evaluate, in each case, the real contribution of a given project to improve the conditions of a country or locality, as well as interpreting to the environmental, social and economic impacts of their bioenergy production and use.

Sustainability – Workon GBEP


Final remarks

  • Changes in the regulatory framework for biofuels in Brazil have been implemented to focus on the character of the energy aspect of biofuels and expanding Regulatory Agency powers;

  • Brazil supports the ethanol commoditization, with many countries producing and consuming the energetic;

  • There are investment opportunities in Brazil for the expansion of bioenergy production, both in new plants and in infrastructure;

  • International cooperation is of great importance to Brazil because the country defends biofuels as a driver for development in countries with low access to energy.

  • Even with the Presalt discoveries, Brazil preserve the compromise to have the cleanest energetic matrix within developed and developing countries.

Final Remarks


Thank you

THANK YOU!

Marco Antônio Martins Almeida

SecretaryofOil, Natural Gas andRenewableFuels

e-mail: [email protected]

June, 18th. 2012


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