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Road Map To Reading. Tips For Working With Your Child At Home. Learning to read is kind of like learning to ride a bike. Most children learn to read in stages and need support and encouragement during each stage. You wouldn’t put a toddler on a ten speed bike!.

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road map to reading

Road Map To Reading

Tips For Working With Your Child At Home

learning to read is kind of like learning to ride a bike
Learning to read is kind of like learning to ride a bike

Most children learn to read in stages and need support and encouragement during each stage.

You wouldn’t put a toddler

on a ten speed bike!

what can you do to help at home
What Can You Do To Help At Home?

Read to your child.

Studies show that a child who has been read to

grasps the idea that print contains a message.


Hearing stories read aloud increases a child’s

  • vocabulary.
  • Having lots of words in their vocabulary
  • helps increase reading success.
  • It’s hard to read a word if you don’t recognize
  • it or know what it means.

Reading stories exposes your child to the language of books, which can be different from the language of conversation.

Being read to provides a sense of closeness, makes wonderful memories, and can also be calming for children and adults.

encourage your child to read to you
Encourage your child to read TO you.

Read road signs, store names, cereal boxes.

Read books. Visit the public library to find books or read books that your child brings home from school.

what to look for in a book
What to look for in a book…
  • Large print
  • Big spaces between the words
  • One or two lines of print on each page
  • Pictures that support the story
  • Stories with repeated phrases
  • A book about something your child knows about or likes
when you think you ve found the right book
When you think you’ve found the right book…

Have your child read a page or two. Count on your fingers the number of errors he or she makes.

If your child makes 5 or more errors, the book is too difficult.

picture walk
Picture Walk

Before your child begins reading a book, ask him to look at the pictures in the book.

Have him tell you what he thinks couldbe happening in the story. This will get his mind ready to think about what he will be reading.


Memorizing is an early part of children’s reading development. Beginning readers match their speech to the printed words.

Memorizing a phrase that repeats is a helpful strategy because the reader can now focuson the parts of the text that change.

A child’s memory for text builds fluency and helps him read smoothly.

pointing to the words
Pointing To The Words
  • Pointing is one of the first strategies a beginning reader can use to check his reading.
  • It helps to remind your child to really look at the words.
  • Pointing helps a child to focus and notice details of our written language.
look at the picture
Look At The Picture

Experts have learned that good readers check the picture for clues to the story.

Teachers encourage children to

look at the pictures.

when your child is stuck
When Your Child Is Stuck
  • Help your child before he becomes frustrated.
  • Have him check the picture for clues.
  • Tell him to look at the first letter of the unknown word, say the letter sound, and make a guess.
  • Decide if the guess would make sense in the story – would it sound right?
  • Ask your child to go back to the beginning of the sentence and reread it.
  • If your child is still struggling after 5 seconds, simply tell him the word.
sounding out words
Sounding Out Words

Knowing the sounds letters make is very important, but sounding out every word would make reading tiresome. While sounding out can be helpful for some unknown words, some words are easier to figure out if you know a part or chunk of them.

fl+at = flat

The word “flat” has the little word “at” in it.

You can use the part you know to help you figure out the rest of the word.

a toolbox of strategies
A Toolbox of Strategies

Good readers use many different strategies to figure out unknown words.

  • Sound it out
  • Use context clues
  • Look for word patterns
  • Use prefixes or suffixes
  • Reread
  • Look at the picture
  • Skip it and keep going, then come back and see if they can figure it out

Allow your child to take the risk of trying to figure out an unknown word.

  • A mistake is a chance to learn.
  • Teachers learn what a child needs to work on by looking at the mistakes he makes while reading.

Reading should be fun!


A reader is like an athlete.

The more a child reads, the better his reading becomes.

The information in this presentation came from

When A Child Reads…

Some Answers To Your Questions

By Denise Worthington

Seedling Publications

Continental Press

ISBN 1-880612-65-8 SE2658