Fragments and run ons
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FRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS. Fragments Fragments try their best to be sentences, but they just don’t make the cut. All sentences must have a subject and a verb.

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FRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS

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FRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS


FragmentsFragments try their best to be sentences, but they just don’t make the cut. All sentences must have a subject and a verb.


REVIEW: What is a subject?The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being somethingTo find a subject, find the verb. Who is doing the verb? The hawksoars.

subject

verb


Which one is the subject?

subject

After the final song, the drummer hurled his sticks at the crowd.


WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

On your whiteboard, write the SUBJECT:

My daughter is a wrestler.

The dress was made by Nicki Minaj.

After breakfast, Vera drove to the mission with Ted.


Back to Fragments

Fragments happen when we are missing a subject or verb, or if the sentence is a dependent clause.


WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Write FRAGMENT if it is a fragment, or NO if it is not a fragment.

Eating marshmallows on a tortoise.


WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Write FRAGMENT if it is a fragment, or NO if it is not a fragment.

I enjoy eating marshmallows on a tortoise.


WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Write FRAGMENT if it is a fragment, or NO if it is not a fragment.

Fifteen slaps on the face.


WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Write FRAGMENT if it is a fragment, or NO if it is not a fragment.

Eat your breakfast!


WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Write FRAGMENT if it is a fragment, or NO if it is not a fragment.

Mimi sleeps.


WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Cute Mimi!


Run-on Sentences

A run-on sentence is like a comma splice, only the independent clauses are NOT joined by a comma.

COMMA SPLICE:

He went to the park, he fell on his knee.

RUN-ON:

He went to the park he fell on his knee.


WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.


WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle,

her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.


WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.


WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.


WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

  I got up late this morning I didn't have time for breakfast.


WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

  I leave muddy paw prints on the kitchen floor, I get in trouble.


How do you fix a run-on?

1. Use a subordinating conjunction:

Subordinating conjunctions make a clause dependent.

Because I got up late this morning, I didn't have time for breakfast.


WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

  If I leave muddy paw prints on the kitchen floor, I get in trouble.


How do you fix a run-on?

2. Use a period or semicolon.

I got up late this morning; I didn't have time for breakfast.

I got up late this morning. I didn't have time for breakfast.


How do you fix a run-on?

3. Use a coordinating conjunction:

FANBOYS

FOR – AND – NOR – BUT – OR- YET - SO

 I got up late this morning, so I didn't have time for breakfast.


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