Fragments and run ons
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FRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS. Fragments Fragments try their best to be sentences, but they just don’t make the cut. All sentences must have a subject and a verb.

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FragmentsFragments try their best to be sentences, but they just don’t make the cut. All sentences must have a subject and a verb.


REVIEW: What is a subject?The subject of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that is doing or being somethingTo find a subject, find the verb. Who is doing the verb? The hawksoars.

subject

verb


Which one is the subject
Which one is the subject?

subject

After the final song, the drummer hurled his sticks at the crowd.


Whiteboard practice
WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

On your whiteboard, write the SUBJECT:

My daughter is a wrestler.

The dress was made by Nicki Minaj.

After breakfast, Vera drove to the mission with Ted.


Back to fragments
Back to Fragments

Fragments happen when we are missing a subject or verb, or if the sentence is a dependent clause.


Whiteboard practice1
WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Write FRAGMENT if it is a fragment, or NO if it is not a fragment.

Eating marshmallows on a tortoise.


Whiteboard practice2
WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Write FRAGMENT if it is a fragment, or NO if it is not a fragment.

I enjoy eating marshmallows on a tortoise.


Whiteboard practice3
WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Write FRAGMENT if it is a fragment, or NO if it is not a fragment.

Fifteen slaps on the face.


Whiteboard practice4
WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Write FRAGMENT if it is a fragment, or NO if it is not a fragment.

Eat your breakfast!


Whiteboard practice5
WHITEBOARD PRACTICE

Write FRAGMENT if it is a fragment, or NO if it is not a fragment.

Mimi sleeps.



Run on sentences
Run-on Sentences

A run-on sentence is like a comma splice, only the independent clauses are NOT joined by a comma.

COMMA SPLICE:

He went to the park, he fell on his knee.

RUN-ON:

He went to the park he fell on his knee.


Whiteboard
WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.


Whiteboard1
WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle,

her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.


Whiteboard2
WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.


Whiteboard3
WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

Grandma still rides her Harley motorcycle her toy poodle balances in a basket between the handlebars.


Whiteboard4
WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

  I got up late this morning I didn't have time for breakfast.


Whiteboard5
WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

  I leave muddy paw prints on the kitchen floor, I get in trouble.


How do you fix a run on
How do you fix a run-on?

1. Use a subordinating conjunction:

Subordinating conjunctions make a clause dependent.

Because I got up late this morning, I didn't have time for breakfast.


Whiteboard6
WHITEBOARD

C = correct; R = run-on ; S = comma splice

  If I leave muddy paw prints on the kitchen floor, I get in trouble.


How do you fix a run on1
How do you fix a run-on?

2. Use a period or semicolon.

I got up late this morning; I didn't have time for breakfast.

I got up late this morning. I didn't have time for breakfast.


How do you fix a run on2
How do you fix a run-on?

3. Use a coordinating conjunction:

FANBOYS

FOR – AND – NOR – BUT – OR- YET - SO

 I got up late this morning, so I didn't have time for breakfast.


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