Basic program logic
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Basic Program Logic. RESOURCES/INPUTS The ingredients you need to implement your program!. YOUR PROGRAM What you do to achieve your departmental goals!. RESULTS/IMPACT Why you are in Business!.

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Basic Program Logic

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Basic program logic

Basic Program Logic

RESOURCES/INPUTS

The ingredients you

need to implement

your program!

YOUR PROGRAM

What you do to achieve

your departmental

goals!

RESULTS/IMPACT

Why you are in

Business!

Source: Excerpt from Tom Grayson, 2008 NASPA Pre-Conference Workshop, Using Logic Models for Identifying Program Goals and Student Learning Outcomes


Another view a series of if then statements

Another View: A Series ofIf-then Statements

Resources

Activities

Outputs

Outcomes

Ifyou have

access to those

resources,

then you can

implement

your program

activities.

If you can

accomplish

those activities,

then you will

have delivered

the services

you planned.

If you have

delivered the

services as

planned, then your

targets (clients or

communities) have

changed.

This is why the

program exists.

You need

certain

resources

to run your

program.


What is a program s logic

What is a program’s logic?

  • A program’s logic tells a story about how the program works. It provides a logical sequence that explains what you are doing and what you expect the outcomes of the program to be.

  • A program’s logic shows how program components are related and lead to desired outcomes. That is, it connects program resources to program activities, and program activities to program outcomes.

  • Logic models help build common understandings (team work) about how your program works, for whom the program is intended, and what it is trying to accomplish.


Basic program logic

A Program’s Logic

Inputs

Program

Outcomes - Impact

Situation

What we

invest

Staff

Volunteers

Time

Money

Material

Equipment

Technology

Partners

What we do

Workshops

Meetings

Facilitation

Product Dev.

Training

Curriculum

Who we reach

Students

Clients

Customers

Expect to see

Like to see

Love to see

(Learning)

Awareness

Knowledge

Attitudes

Skills

Opinions

Aspirations

Motivations

(Action)

Behavior

Practice

Decisions

Policies

(Conditions)

Social

Economic

Civil

Environmental

Environment

(Influential Factors)


Elements of a program s logic

Elements of a Program’s Logic

  • Resources/Inputs: Programmatic investments available to support the program. These are the resources you need to implement the program.

  • Activities: Things you do – activities you plan to conduct in your program. That is, what the program needs to do to produce its deliverables or outputs.

  • Outputs/Workload: The deliverables, e.g., the actual product or service you create and deliver. Outputs are usually expressed in quantitative terms.

  • Customers:Users of the products/services. The customer is the target audience the program is designed to reach.

  • Outcomes: Changes or benefits resulting from activities and outputs. That is, outcomes are the changes your program brings about (intended & unintended).

    Expect to see outcomes – Changes in knowledge, skills, attitude

    Like to see outcomes – Changes in behavior, practice or decisions

    Love to see outcomes – Changes in conditions (impact)

  • Contextual Influences: Factors, e.g., social, political, economic, historical, environmental, that will influence change in the affected community.


Programs focus on outcomes

Programs focus on outcomes!

Outcomes are defined as the changes in the behaviors, relationships, activities, or actions of people (e.g., knowledge, skills and attitudes) as a result of the program’s effort and influence.

These changes in behaviors, relationships, activities, or actions of people can lead to changes in conditions (environmental, social, civic, economic, educational, political)

Reference: Earl, S., Carden, F., & Smutylo, T. (2001). Outcome Mapping: Building learning and reflection into development programs. IDRC


Basic program logic

Performance

Measurement


Basic program logic

Four Quadrants of Performance Measures

Quantity

Quality

How welldid we do it?

How much did we do?

How hard did we try?

Effect Effort

What is thequality of change?

How much change?

Is anyone better off?


Basic program logic

Program Performance Measures

Quantity

Quality

How welldid we deliver it?

What and how much service did we deliver?

Effect Effort

How much change / effect did we bring about?

What is the quality of change / effect we brought about?


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