11 august 2008 spa508 policy analysis design
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11 August 2008 - SPA508 Policy Analysis & Design- . What logic models are Their purpose Their components Building logic models. What Logic Models Are. May be viewed as a series of “if-then” statements Link resources to activities to outputs to goals. Policy Making & Management Uses.

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11 august 2008 spa508 policy analysis design

11 August 2008 - SPA508 Policy Analysis & Design-

What logic models are

Their purpose

Their components

Building logic models

what logic models are
What Logic Models Are
  • May be viewed as a series of “if-then” statements
  • Link resources to activities to outputs to goals
policy making management uses
Policy Making & Management Uses
  • For program & policy planning - helps clarify strategy
  • For program management to
    • Develop an implementation plan
    • Monitor performance
  • For communicating program & its results
components the context
Components: The Context
  • Problem statement (distillation of the problem definition)
    • Brief statement of problem: what it is, whom it effects, why it is a problem (implied cause)
  • Goals (outcomes)– intended results, for whom
components activities
Components: Activities
  • Actions needed to implement the program
  • Types (see Workbook, p 11)
    • Developing products
    • Providing services
    • Conducting advocacy
    • Building capacity
components resources
Components: Resources
  • Resources or inputs
    • Human resources – how many? Doing what?
    • Financial resources
    • Space available
    • Technology – hardware/software, electronic communications, other equipment
    • Materials & office supplies
components outputs
Components: Outputs
  • Direct products or results of the activities
  • Usually expressed as quantities or scope (increased service area)
  • Does not indicate anything about quality (a lot doesn’t mean good)
  • Should be able to link to activities & resources (remember how much can be produced may depend on the amount of resources)
components outcomes i
Components: Outcomes I
  • Change(s) that occurred or difference made b/c of program/policy
  • Difference betw outputs & outcomes (p 17)
  • Should be measurable
  • Common types of changes (pp 13-14)
    • Learning
    • Behavior or action
    • Condition
components outcomes ii
Components: Outcomes II
  • Focus
    • Individual
    • Family or community
    • Systemic (crosses organizational lines; may look at networks, collaboration)
    • Organizational
    • Change of outcomes links to time (p. 16)
      • Short –term
      • Intermediate
      • Long-term
looking at sample logic models
Looking at sample logic models
  • TROSA – drug rehabilitation center
  • Model used as part of an evaluation (accountability) study
    • First step in trying to understand a program
    • What it does
    • What it is trying to do
    • Why it should be effective (get the desired outcomes)
where to start
Where to start
  • Can start at the end and work one’s way backward
  • Can start at the beginning and constantly ask “why is this being done”
  • Note model is built with a program or policy in mind
another example project description
Another Example: Project Description

Family Involvement Project (FIP) plans to improve outcomes for children by increasing parent involvement in their children’s education. FIP recruits and trains parent leaders in communities at workshops. The workshops teach parent leaders how to get involved in their children’s education and how to train other parents in their community to get involved.

using a logic model
Using a Logic Model
  • Amount of detail depends on intended use
  • Examine the brief model (Family) &
    • Identify all the ways that occur to you as to how to use the model
    • (Recall: models can be used for program planning, evaluation, communication)
  • Examine the expanded model (Parent)
    • What value does it add?
    • Suggest when you would use the brief model, the expanded model
1 st pass at model building i
1st Pass at Model Building I
  • Let’s build a model for the policy “All motorcyclists must wear approved helmets”
  • Which long term outcome would you use
    • Decrease the number of injuries & fatalities or
    • Decrease the number of injuries & fatalities due to head injuries
model building 2
Model Building 2
  • What short term outcome(s) would proceed the long term outcome?
  • Would you include these outputs?
    • % aware of statute
    • Size of enforcement effort
    • % owning a helmet
  • What activities would you include?
on your own
On your own
  • Build a logic model for a disaster training program for teachers & school children
next class 25 august
Next class: 25 August
  • Cost Benefit Analysis (on wiki)
  • We will focus on chapters 2 & 3