the sociology of religion
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The Sociology of Religion. Durkheim (1912) a classical sociologist .

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durkheim 1912 a classical sociologist
Durkheim (1912) a classical sociologist
  • A unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden – beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called a Church, all those who adhere to them.

Source: Aldridge, 2004, pg 8

what is it actually to be religious
What is it actually to be religious?
  • What does it really mean to be religious
  • Do you have to do anything?
  • Do you have to believe in anything religious?
  • Is it a clear cut thing
    • YES I am religious, NO I am not religious
religiosity
Religiosity
  • How religious a society is, looking at, for example, beliefs and practices
current beliefs
Current Beliefs
  • Some people now believe without belonging (Davie 1994)
  • Consider that religions are maybe retreating from public awareness, its more privatised?
  • Or is it declining?
religious belief
Religious Belief
  • Day (2007) conducted research into what people believed in and why some people who said they were Christians weren’t sure if God existed.

Findings categorised:

  • Adherent Christians
  • Natal Christians
  • Ethnic Christians
  • Aspirational Christians
children religious belief garrod 2006
Children & Religious BeliefGarrod (2006)
  • School cut across religious boundaries for different religions and ethnic backgrounds

Children\'s experience fell into :

  • Religious identity
  • Social practice
  • Belief and spirituality
children religious belief garrod 20061
Children & Religious BeliefGarrod (2006)

Children belonged to the following groups:

  • Highly observant
  • Observant
  • Occasionally participating
  • Impact individual faith
  • Not religious
religious belief1
Religious Belief
  • Census
  • 2001 vs 2011
  • What are the changes in these two?
  • What are the Christian figures?
  • What is the biggest non Christian category?
issues with statistics
Issues with Statistics
  • Social construction
  • Reliability
    • Historical data gathering differs to today’s methods, not replicable
  • Validity of data
    • Different religions use different criteria to record membership (figures to whose benefit)
  • Interpretations of religiosity
    • Reasons behind while they are religious
      • Companionship/friendships
religious commitment homework
Religious Commitment- Homework
  • How do individuals show their religious commitment?
  • Give 3 examples of religious commitment illustrated through dress
  • Give 3 examples of religious commitment shown through following a religious code of conduct
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