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Introduction. What must a floral designer know in order to create an effective design? Types of flowers to use in designs Seasonality and availability of flowers The effectiveness of the plant materials in the overall composition of the design. Cut Flowers and Foliage Used in Floral Designs.

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Introduction

Introduction

  • What must a floral designer know in order to create an effective design?

    • Types of flowers to use in designs

    • Seasonality and availability of flowers

    • The effectiveness of the plant materials in the overall composition of the design


Cut flowers and foliage used in floral designs

Cut Flowers and Foliage Used in Floral Designs

AGSC 363

Mr. Tracey Cortez

Lanier High School


Objectives

Objectives

  • Identify several examples of cut flowers used in floral designs

  • Recognize the seasonality of cut flowers used in floral designs


Flower and foliage classifications

Flower and Foliage Classifications

  • Flowers and foliage can be classified according to their shapes and forms

  • Each shape serves a specific purpose

  • Designers must be able to recognize the plant shapes and forms to solve many design problems

  • Four Classifications

    • Line, form, mass and filler


Line flowers and foliage

Line Flowers and Foliage

  • Line flowers:

    • Used to create an outline of a design

  • Almost serve as a skeleton

  • Include tall, erect spikes of blossoms with florets blooming along the stem

  • Add height and width to an arrangement


Cattail

Cattail

  • Brown heads

  • Available year-round


Delphinium

Delphinium

  • Shades of blue, purple and white

  • Available in the spring


Gladiolus

Gladiolus

  • Variety of colors

  • Available year-round


Larkspur

Larkspur

  • Shades of blue and pink

  • Available in the spring


Snapdragon

Snapdragon

  • All colors except blue

  • Available in the spring and summer


Stock

Stock

  • Many Pastel Colors

  • Available in the summer and autumn


Flat fern

Flat Fern

  • Available year-round


Scotch broom

Scotch Broom

  • Available in the winter and the spring


Spiral eucalyptus

Spiral Eucalyptus

  • Available in the autumn and winter


Ti leaves

Ti Leaves

  • Available year-round


Form flowers and foliage

Form Flowers and Foliage

  • Form Flowers:

    • A type of flower having a distinctive shape (often used in the focal area of a design)

  • Have distinctive shapes and exceptional beauty

  • Should be used sparingly

  • Very expensive


Anthurium

Anthurium

  • Red, orange, pink and white

  • Available year-round


Bird of paradise

Bird-of-Paradise

  • Blue and orange

  • Available year-round


Calla lily

Calla Lily

  • White

  • Available in the fall, winter and spring


Introduction 3850936

Iris

  • Yellow, blue and white

  • Available in the winter and spring


Introduction 3850936

Lily

  • All colors

  • Available year-round


Cattleya orchid

Cattleya Orchid

  • White and yellow

  • Available year-round


Mass flowers and foliage

Mass Flowers and Foliage

  • Mass Flowers:

    • A type of flower consisting of large petals or closely packed florets (used to add mass to a design)

  • Composed of a single stem having one solid, rounded head at the top

  • Used to draw the eye into the focal point

  • Must be used at various heights


Aster

Aster

  • Purple, lavender and pink

  • Available summer and autumn


Carnation

Carnation

  • All colors

  • Available year-round


Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum

  • All colors

  • Available year-round


Daisy

Daisy

  • Yellow and white

  • Available year-round


Introduction 3850936

Rose

  • All colors

  • Available year-round


Bulb flowers

Bulb Flowers

  • Daffodil & Tulip

  • Yellow and red

  • Available year-round


Leatherleaf fern

Leatherleaf Fern

  • Available year-round


Lemon leaf sala

Lemon Leaf (Sala)

  • Available year-round


Introduction 3850936

Palm

  • Available year-round


Filler flowers and foliage

Filler Flowers and Foliage

  • Filler Flowers:

    • Type of flower used to fill open spaces in the completion of a design

  • Add finishing touches to an arrangement

  • Small delicate flowers

  • Add a sense of gentleness and fullness


Baby s breath

Baby’s Breath

  • White

  • Available year-round


Heather

Heather

  • Pink, orchid and gray

  • Available in the winter and the spring


Statice

Statice

  • Yellow, pink and white

  • Available year-round


Plumosa

Plumosa

  • Available year-round


Bear grass

Bear Grass

  • Available year-round


Huckleberry

Huckleberry

  • Available year-round


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • All flower have purpose within the design

  • Line flower are used “out” establishing a skeleton

  • Form flowers are used “at” the center or focal point

  • Mass flower draw attention “toward” the focal point

  • Filler flowers are used “behind” the main flowers as a background and emphasis


Review

Review

  • What is the purpose of a line flower?

  • Give and example of a mass flower?

  • What are filler flowers used for?


Line form mass or filler

Line, Form, Mass or Filler?


Line form mass or filler1

Line, Form, Mass or Filler?


Line form mass or filler2

Line, Form, Mass or Filler?


Line form mass or filler3

Line, Form, Mass or Filler?


Line mass or filler

Line, Mass or Filler?


Line mass or filler1

Line, Mass or Filler?


Line mass or filler2

Line, Mass or Filler?


Line mass or filler3

Line, Mass or Filler?


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