Us enters wwii
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US Enters WWII. March 1941 – Lend-Lease to Allies Summer 1941 – US escorting British ships carrying arms Hitler orders the sinking of all merchant vessels (including US ships) US ordered to shoot U-Boats on sight

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US Enters WWII

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Us enters wwii

US Enters WWII


American moving toward war

  • March 1941 – Lend-Lease to Allies

  • Summer 1941 – US escorting British ships carrying arms

    • Hitler orders the sinking of all merchant vessels (including US ships)

    • US ordered to shoot U-Boats on sight

  • ATLANTIC CHARTER – meeting between FDR and Churchill to discuss what to do with post-Nazi Europe

    • Self-determination

    • Conduct trade

American Moving Toward War…


Us enters wwii

Churchill & FDR at the signing of the Atlantic Charter


Hitler and the us

  • Thought the USA was fat and weak, not motivated for war

  • Did not want war with US until the Nazis controlled all of Europe

Hitler and the US


Japan on the move

  • Oct 1940 – US cracks Japanese codes

    • Watch as Japan conquers China, then Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos in July of 1941

  • US response

    • Cut oil exports to Japan

  • Summer 1941 – tries to negotiate lasting peace with US

Japan on the Move


The dagger at the throat

  • US in Philippines could attack at any time to flank of Japanese assault on Asia

    • Unacceptable risk…

The Dagger at the Throat


Japanese on the offensive

  • Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto planned attack at Pearl Harbor to take US out of war on first day

    • Sleeping Giant

  • Attack plan:

    • Aircraft carriers

    • Other ships

    • Oil Tanks

Japanese on the Offensive


7 december 1941

  • 2,300 dead

  • 1,100 hurt

  • 19 ships sunk or badly damaged

7 December 1941


Us declares war

US Declares War!


Greater assault

  • Japanese also take Hong Kong, Guam, Wake, Thailand, Dutch East Indies, Burma

    • India is threatened

  • January 1942 – took the Philippines

    • Bataan Death March

      • 16,000 of 70,000 die

    • 9 April 1942 – forced transfer of Filipino and American POWs

Greater Assault


Japanese empire 1942

Japanese Empire - 1942


Tokyo rose

  • Nickname of any 12 radio women broadcasting propaganda from Japan to weaken American morale

    • Would name units and soldiers to freak out the GI’s

“Tokyo Rose”


The doolittle raid

  • April 1942

    • 16 B-25 bombers under Jimmie Doolittle

    • Morale boosting raid on Japan

The Doolittle Raid


Stopping the unstoppable

  • May 1942 - Battle of the Coral Sea

    • First battle using solely aircraft carriers in history

    • Allies lose many ships but stop the Japanese advance

    • Prevented the invasion of Australia

Stopping the Unstoppable


Midway why so important

  • Gave US advantage in aircraft carriers

  • Superior US production ensured gradual rollback of Japanese from here

Midway – Why so Important?


Turning the tide

  • June 1942 – Midway Island

    • Code breakers told US that Japan was heading toward the island

    • First Japanese naval defeat since 1863

    • In hours, 332 planes are downed, 4 aircraft carriers sunk

    • Turning point in the Pacific theater

Turning the Tide


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