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US Enters WWII. March 1941 – Lend-Lease to Allies Summer 1941 – US escorting British ships carrying arms Hitler orders the sinking of all merchant vessels (including US ships) US ordered to shoot U-Boats on sight

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Presentation Transcript
american moving toward war

March 1941 – Lend-Lease to Allies

  • Summer 1941 – US escorting British ships carrying arms
    • Hitler orders the sinking of all merchant vessels (including US ships)
    • US ordered to shoot U-Boats on sight
  • ATLANTIC CHARTER – meeting between FDR and Churchill to discuss what to do with post-Nazi Europe
    • Self-determination
    • Conduct trade
American Moving Toward War…
hitler and the us

Thought the USA was fat and weak, not motivated for war

  • Did not want war with US until the Nazis controlled all of Europe
Hitler and the US
japan on the move

Oct 1940 – US cracks Japanese codes

    • Watch as Japan conquers China, then Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos in July of 1941
  • US response
    • Cut oil exports to Japan
  • Summer 1941 – tries to negotiate lasting peace with US
Japan on the Move
japanese on the offensive

Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto planned attack at Pearl Harbor to take US out of war on first day

    • Sleeping Giant
  • Attack plan:
    • Aircraft carriers
    • Other ships
    • Oil Tanks
Japanese on the Offensive
7 december 1941

2,300 dead

  • 1,100 hurt
  • 19 ships sunk or badly damaged
7 December 1941
greater assault

Japanese also take Hong Kong, Guam, Wake, Thailand, Dutch East Indies, Burma

    • India is threatened
  • January 1942 – took the Philippines
    • Bataan Death March
      • 16,000 of 70,000 die
    • 9 April 1942 – forced transfer of Filipino and American POWs
Greater Assault
tokyo rose

Nickname of any 12 radio women broadcasting propaganda from Japan to weaken American morale

    • Would name units and soldiers to freak out the GI’s
“Tokyo Rose”
the doolittle raid

April 1942

    • 16 B-25 bombers under Jimmie Doolittle
    • Morale boosting raid on Japan
The Doolittle Raid
stopping the unstoppable

May 1942 - Battle of the Coral Sea

    • First battle using solely aircraft carriers in history
    • Allies lose many ships but stop the Japanese advance
    • Prevented the invasion of Australia
Stopping the Unstoppable
midway why so important

Gave US advantage in aircraft carriers

  • Superior US production ensured gradual rollback of Japanese from here
Midway – Why so Important?
turning the tide

June 1942 – Midway Island

    • Code breakers told US that Japan was heading toward the island
    • First Japanese naval defeat since 1863
    • In hours, 332 planes are downed, 4 aircraft carriers sunk
    • Turning point in the Pacific theater
Turning the Tide
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