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Lab Safety. Why is Lab Safety Important?. Lab safety is a major aspect of every lab based science class. Lab safety rules and symbols are needed so that students do not injure themselves or their classmates. . General Safety Rules.

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Why is lab safety important
Why is Lab Safety Important?

  • Lab safety is a major aspect of every lab based science class.

  • Lab safety rules and symbols are needed so that students do not injure themselves or their classmates.

NSF North Mississippi GK-8


General safety rules
General Safety Rules

1. Always follow the teacher’s directions and only do lab work when a teacher is present.

2. Conduct yourself in a responsible manner at all times. No Horseplay!

3. Do not touch any equipment, chemicals, or other materials until told to do so.

4. Do not eat food, drink beverages, or chew gum in the lab. Do not use lab glassware as food or beverage containers

NSF North Mississippi GK-8


5. Report ALL accidents to your teacher immediately, even if you think it is minor.

6.After handling chemicals, always wash your hands with soap and water.

7. During lab work, keep your hands away from your face.

8. Tie back long hair


Roll up loose sleeves.

8. Know the location of the fire extinguisher, fire blanket, eyewash station, and first aid kit.

9. Keep your work area uncluttered. Take to the lab station only what is necessary.


Never put anything into your mouth during a lab experiment.

11. Clean up your lab area at the conclusion of the laboratory period.


Clothing

Wear:

Goggles/safety glasses

Closed-toed shoes

Clothing made of natural based fiber such as cotton

Tie back long hair

Do NOT Wear:

Sandals

Jewelry

Loose or Baggy clothing

Clothing

NSF North Mississippi GK-8


B glassware safety

1. Chipped or cracked glassware should not be used. Show it to the teacher.

2. Broken glassware shouldnot be disposed of in a classroom trashcan. There is a special glass disposal container for it.

3. When pouring liquids into glassware, make sure the container you are pouring into is resting on a table at least a handsbreadth from the edge.

B. Glassware Safety


B glassware safety1

4. Pour down a glass stirring rod to prevent liquids from splattering.

5. If a piece of glassware gets broken, do not try to clean it up by yourself. Notify the teacher.

6. 9. Do not place hot glassware in water. Rapid cooling may make it shatter.

B. Glassware Safety


C chemical safety

1. Wear protective goggles and a lab apron whenever heating or pouring hazardous chemicals.

2. Never mix chemicals together unless you are told to do so (and then only in the manner specified).

3. Never taste any chemicals (you should never taste anything in the lab).

C. Chemical Safety


C chemical safety1

4. If you need to smell the odor of a chemical, waft the fumes toward your nose with one hand. Do not put your nose over the container and inhale the fumes.

5. Never pour water into a concentrated acid. Acid should be poured slowly into water.

C. Chemical Safety


C chemical safety2

Follow the instructions of your teacher when disposing of all chemicals.

First ask your teacher where/how to dispose of waste.

Never pour anything down the drain unless you are told to do so.

Wash your hands after handling hazardous chemicals.

C. Chemical Safety


Reasons for proper waste disposal
Reasons for proper waste disposal all

  • Hazardous chemicals down the drain can lead to pollution of ground water, lakes, rivers, etc.

  • Plants and animals will die if they are exposed to hazardous chemical waste.

  • Serious health problems will become present in people if hazardous waste finds its way into drinking water.

NSF North Mississippi GK-8


D electrical safety

1. Lay electrical cords where no one can trip on them or get caught in them.

2. Be sure your hands and your lab area are dry before using electrical equipment.

3. Never poke anything into electrical outlets.

D. Electrical Safety


D electrical safety1

4. Unplug cords by pulling the get plug and not the cord.

5. Unplug all electrical equipment at the end of the labperiod.

D. Electrical Safety


E heating safety

1. Let burners and hotplates cool down before get touching them. Test to see if they are cool enough by bringing the back of your hand close to them.

2. Use tongs and/or protective gloves to handle hot objects.

3. Never reach across an open flame or burner.

E. Heating Safety


E heating safety1

4. The only type of glassware that may safely be heated is either Kimax or Pyrex.

5. Always point the top ends of test tubes that are being heated away from people.

6. When heating a test tube, move it around slowly over the flame to distribute the heat evenly.

E. Heating Safety


E heating safety2

Only glassware that is thoroughly either dry should be heated.

Never leave a burner or hotplate unattended.

E. Heating Safety


Lab safety equipment

Safety Shower either

Safety Goggles

Lab Safety Equipment

Eye Wash


Lab safety equipment1

Fire either

Extinguisher

Fire Blanket

Lab Safety Equipment

Fume Hood


Chemical hazard symbols and definitions
Chemical Hazard Symbols and Definitions either

  • Flammable– Any substance that will burn if exposed to an open flame.

  • Explosive– A substance that may explode if exposed to heat or flame.

NSF North Mississippi GK-8


Chemical hazard symbols and definitions1
Chemical Hazard Symbols and Definitions either

  • Toxic/Poison – A substance that canlead to death if inhaled, ingested, or absorbed by the skin.

  • Corrosive – A substance that can destroy or burn living tissue and can eat away at other materials.

NSF North Mississippi GK-8


Chemical hazard symbols and definitions2
Chemical Hazard Symbols and Definitions either

  • Irritant - A substance that causes inflammation upon contact with skin or mucous membranes.

  • Environmental - Substances that are harmful to the environment. They must be disposed of properly, not washed down the drain.

NSF North Mississippi GK-8


Accidents and injuries
Accidents and Injuries either

  • Report ALL accidents and injuries to your teacher immediately!!!

  • Be aware of safety hazards associated with each chemical you use.

  • Eye accident – Wash the eye with copious amounts of water for at least 15 min.

  • Fire Burns – Stop, Drop, and be covered with a fire blanket or soaked with water. Do not remove clothing stuck to victim. Get medical attention immediately.

NSF North Mississippi GK-8


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