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Chapter 3: Building Vocabulary: Using Word Parts. Essential Reading Skills , 2/e Kathleen McWhorter. What Are Word Parts?. Prefixes Roots Suffixes. Example of Word Parts. My friend Josh is nonconformist . (Prefix) Non = not (Root) conform = go along with others

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chapter 3 building vocabulary using word parts

Chapter 3: Building Vocabulary: Using Word Parts

Essential Reading Skills, 2/eKathleen McWhorter

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

what are word parts
What Are Word Parts?
  • Prefixes
  • Roots
  • Suffixes

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

example of word parts
Example of Word Parts

My friend Josh is nonconformist.

(Prefix) Non = not

(Root) conform = go along with others

(Suffix) ist = one who does something

nonconformist= someone who does not go along with others

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

prefixes beginnings of words
Prefixes–Beginnings of Words

Prefix + Root = New Word

dis + respect = disrespect

Meaning not + respect = lack of respect

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

common prefixes
Common Prefixes
  • Prefixes referring to amount or number
    • Example: micro small microscope
  • Prefixes meaning “not” (negative)
    • Example: anti against antiwar
  • Prefixes giving direction or location
    • Example: sub under submarine

See Table 3.1 in your book for common prefixes.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

common roots core meaning
Common Roots—Core Meaning
  • Examples:
    • bio life biology
    • port carry transport
    • path feeling sympathy

See Table 3.2 in your book for common roots.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

suffixes word endings
Suffixes—Word Endings

Root + Suffix = New Word

class + ify = classify (verb)

class + ic = classic (adjective)

class + ification = classification (noun)

See Table 3.3 in your book for common suffixes.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

common suffixes
Common Suffixes
  • Suffixes that refer to condition or quality
    • Example: ness kindness
  • Suffixes that mean “one who”
    • Example: er teacher
  • Suffixes that mean “referring to”
    • Example: ship friendship

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

roots suffixes
Roots & Suffixes
  • Our college is one of the most prestigious in the state.
    • Root: prestige
    • Suffix: ious
    • New Word: prestigious (having prestige or distinction)

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

using word parts
Using Word Parts
  • Look for the root first and try to figure out its meaning.
  • Look for a prefix and see how it changes the meaning of the root word.
  • Find a suffix and see how it changes or adds to the meaning.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

test taking tip 3 recognizing word parts
Test-Taking Tip #3: Recognizing Word Parts
  • Pronounce the word in question to yourself and see if you recognize a prefix, root, or suffix.
  • If you do not recognize the root of the word, concentrate on the prefix, if there is one. This may give a clue to the word’s meaning.
  • Also pay attention to suffixes to try and figure out the word.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

test taking tip 3 recognizing word parts12
Test-Taking Tip #3: Recognizing Word Parts
  • Example: A monologue is:
    • A. a debate among politicians.
    • B. secrets shared by friends.
    • C. intimate conversation.
    • D. long, uninterrupted speech.

Hint: “mono” is a prefix meaning “one.”

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

visit the companion website
Visit the Companion Website

http://www.ablongman.com/mcwhorter

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.

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