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Chapter 3: Building Vocabulary: Using Word Parts PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 3: Building Vocabulary: Using Word Parts. Essential Reading Skills , 2/e Kathleen McWhorter. What Are Word Parts?. Prefixes Roots Suffixes. Example of Word Parts. My friend Josh is nonconformist . (Prefix) Non = not (Root) conform = go along with others

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Chapter 3: Building Vocabulary: Using Word Parts

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Chapter 3 building vocabulary using word parts l.jpg

Chapter 3: Building Vocabulary: Using Word Parts

Essential Reading Skills, 2/eKathleen McWhorter

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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What Are Word Parts?

  • Prefixes

  • Roots

  • Suffixes

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Example of Word Parts

My friend Josh is nonconformist.

(Prefix) Non = not

(Root) conform = go along with others

(Suffix) ist = one who does something

nonconformist= someone who does not go along with others

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Prefixes–Beginnings of Words

Prefix + Root = New Word

dis + respect = disrespect

Meaning not + respect = lack of respect

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Common Prefixes

  • Prefixes referring to amount or number

    • Example: micro small microscope

  • Prefixes meaning “not” (negative)

    • Example: anti against antiwar

  • Prefixes giving direction or location

    • Example: sub under submarine

See Table 3.1 in your book for common prefixes.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Common Roots—Core Meaning

  • Examples:

    • bio life biology

    • port carry transport

    • path feeling sympathy

See Table 3.2 in your book for common roots.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Suffixes—Word Endings

Root + Suffix = New Word

class + ify = classify (verb)

class + ic = classic (adjective)

class + ification = classification (noun)

See Table 3.3 in your book for common suffixes.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Common Suffixes

  • Suffixes that refer to condition or quality

    • Example: ness kindness

  • Suffixes that mean “one who”

    • Example: er teacher

  • Suffixes that mean “referring to”

    • Example: ship friendship

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Roots & Suffixes

  • Our college is one of the most prestigious in the state.

    • Root: prestige

    • Suffix: ious

    • New Word: prestigious (having prestige or distinction)

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Using Word Parts

  • Look for the root first and try to figure out its meaning.

  • Look for a prefix and see how it changes the meaning of the root word.

  • Find a suffix and see how it changes or adds to the meaning.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Test-Taking Tip #3: Recognizing Word Parts

  • Pronounce the word in question to yourself and see if you recognize a prefix, root, or suffix.

  • If you do not recognize the root of the word, concentrate on the prefix, if there is one. This may give a clue to the word’s meaning.

  • Also pay attention to suffixes to try and figure out the word.

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Test-Taking Tip #3: Recognizing Word Parts

  • Example: A monologue is:

    • A. a debate among politicians.

    • B. secrets shared by friends.

    • C. intimate conversation.

    • D. long, uninterrupted speech.

Hint: “mono” is a prefix meaning “one.”

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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Visit the Companion Website

http://www.ablongman.com/mcwhorter

© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman Publishers.


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