Pulmonary rehabilitation
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PULMONARY REHABILITATION. TRI DAMIATI .P, Dr.Sp RM PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION FKUP/RSHS 2011. DEFINITION.

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PULMONARY REHABILITATION

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PULMONARY REHABILITATION

TRI DAMIATI .P, Dr.Sp RM

PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION

FKUP/RSHS

2011


DEFINITION

COMPREHENSIVE TEAM APPROACH THAT PROVIDE PATIENTS WITH THE ABILITY TO ADOPT TO THEIR CHRONIC LUNG DISEASE, IT INCLUDES MEDICAL MANAGEMENT, TRAINING AND COPING SKILLS AND EXERCISE RECONDITIONING

AGUSTA ALBA ;CONCEPT IN PULMONARY REHABILITATION, BRADDOM


DEFINITION OF RESPIRATION

  • PROCESS OF MOVING OXYGEN FROM THE AIR TO ALVEOLI OF THE LUNGS BY A MASS MOVEMENT OF AIR AND REMOVING CARBON DIOXYDE FROM ALVEOLI BY THE SAME MOVEMENT

  • THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM PROVIDE THE TRANSPORT OF OXYGEN BETWEEN LUNG AND THE TISSUE

    H.FREDERIC HELMHOZ,JR, HENRY H.STONNINGTON

    PULMONARY REHABILITATION, KRUSEN


PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIC OF DISORDERS OF RESPIRATION

  • INADEQUATE TRANSPORT OF OXYGEN IN AND CARBON DIOXYDE OUT OF THE LUNG

  • RETENTION OF CARBON DIOXYDE

  • LACK OF OXYGEN


THE CAUSE OF THE RESPIRATORY DISORDERS

  • MUSCLE WEAKNESS OR INEFFICIENCY OR INCREASING OF ELASTIC COMPONEN

  • INCREASE RESISTANCE TO AIRFLOW THROUGH THE TRACHEOBRONCHIAL TREE


ELASTIC COMPONENTS ARE

  • LUNGS

  • THORACIC CAGE

  • DIAPHRAGM

  • ABDOMINAL COMPLEX

  • ACCESSORY MUSCLES


THE RESPIRATORY DISORDERS ARE CLASSIFIED AS

  • RESTRICTIVE DISORDER

  • OBSTRUCTIVE DISORDER


RESTRICTIVE DISORDERS ARE CHARACTERIZED BY

  • AN INCREASE IN ENERGY REQUIREMENT TO OVERCOME ELASTIC RECOIL OF LUNG OR CHEST STRUCTURES AT ANY GIVEN VENTILATION

  • REDUCED VITAL CAPACITY


OBSTRUCTIVE DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY

  • RESISTANCE TO AIRFLOW --- AIRFLOW STOP BEFORE EMPTYING IS COMPLETE --- AIR TRAPPING

  • FIXATION THE CHEST IN A POSITION LARGER THAN THE NORMAL END-EXPIRATION LEVEL

  • INCREASE IN THE FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY AND RESIDUAL VOLUME


OBSTRUCTIVE DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY

4. FLATTENING OF THE DIAPHRAGM

5. LESSEN THE USE FULLNESS OF THIS MUSCLE IN INSPIRATION


PULMONARY REHABILITATION GOALS

  • IMPROVEMENT IN CARDIOPULMONARY FUNCTION

  • PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF COMPLICATION

  • RECOGNITION AND TREATMENT OF STRESS AND DEPRESSION, WHICH CAN INTERFERE WITH COPING MECHANISM AND INDEPENDANCE


PULMONARY REHABILITATION GOALS

4. FACILITATION OF COPING MECHANISM TO OVERCOME ANY SENSE OF LOSS, LOSS OF CONTROL OF PERSONAL AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP, SELF ESTEEM, OR SENSE OF SELF WORTH

5. PROMOTION OF INCREASING PATIENT RESPONSIBILITY FOR HIS OR HER OWN CARE AND WELL-BEING


6.DECREASE NUMBER OF EXACERBATION , EMERGENCY ROOM VISIT AND HOSPITALIZATION

7.TO UNDERSTANDING THE DISEASE SO THAT PATIENTS AND FAMILLY CAN CONFRONT IT REALISTICALLY


PULMONARY REHABILITATION GOALS

8. RETURN TO WORK AND/OR A MORE ACTIVE , PRODUCTIVE, AND EMOTIONALLY SATISFYING LIFE FOR THE PATIENT AND HIS FAMILY


COMPONENT OF PULMONARY REHABILITATION FOR OBSTRUCTIVE DISORDERS

  • MEDICATION (MOST OF THEM ARE DONE BY PULMONOLOGIST)

  • EDUCATION

  • CHEST PHYSICAL THERAPY

  • UPPER EXTREMITY EXERCISES

  • RECONDITIONING

  • PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT


COMPONENT OF PULMONARY REHABILITATION FOR OBSTRUCTIVE DISORDERS

2. EDUCATION

- THE MOST IMPORTANT IS SMOKING CESSATION

- CHANGING IN LIFESTYLE TO ADAPT THE

DISEASE

- UNDERSTAND THE DISEASE

- UNDERSTAND THE GOALS AND THE BENEFIT OF

THE REHABILITATION PROGRAM


COMPONENT OF PULMONARY REHABILITATION FOR OBSTRUCTIVE DISORDERS

3. CHEST PHYSICAL THERAPY

A. APPLICATION OF PHYSICAL METHOD TO THE RESPIRATORY CARE OF PATIENS WITH PULMONARY DISEASE

B. THE COMPONENTS ARE

1. CONTROL BREATHING

- RELAX POSITION

- BREATHING EXERCISE

PURSEDLIPS BREATHING

SLOW DEEP BREATHING

DIAPHRAGMATIC BREATHING

SEGMENTAL BREATHING


The Aim of Control Breathing:

A. HELP THE PATIENTS RELIEVE AND CON- TROL BREATHLESSNESS

B. IMPROVE VENTILATORY PATTERN

C. PREVENT DYNAMIC AIRWAY COMPRESSION

D. IMPROVE GAS EXCHANGE


The aim of Pursed-lips and Diaphragmatic Breathing:

A. SLOW EXPIRATORY PHASE

B. MAINTAIN THE AIRWAY PRESSURE

C. DECREASE THE RR

D. INCREASE TIDAL VOL


COMPONENT OF PULMONARY REHABILITATION FOR OBSTRUCTIVE DISORDERS

2. CLEARENCE OF SECRETION

- POSTURAL DRAINAGE

- CHEST PERCUSION AND VIBRATION

- CONTROL COUGHING

3. TRUNK FLEXIBILITY

- NECK

- COMPONENT SHOULDER GIRDLE

- TRUNK


COMPONENT OF PULMONARY REHABILITATION FOR OBSTRUCTIVE DISORDERS

4. UPPER EXTRIMITY EXERCISES

A. STRENGTHENING OF THE UPPER BACK MUSCLES

B. STRENGTHENING OF THE UPPER EXTRIMITY MUSCLES

C. RANGE OF MOTION EXERCISE OF THE SHOULDER-GIRDLE COMPLEX


COMPONENT OF PULMONARY REHABILITATION FOR OBSTRUCTIVE DISORDERS

5. RECONDITIONING

AEROBIC EXERCISES

  • INTENSITY DEPENDS ON THE EXERCISE TESTING

  • DURATION 20 – 30 MINUTES

  • FREQUENCY 3 – 4 TIMES AWEEK

    WALKING, JOGGING, CYCLING, ERGOCYCLE,TREADMEAL,SWIMMING, ETC


6.PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT

  • IS PROVIDED BY WARM AND ENTHUSIASTIC STAFF WHO CAN COMMUNICATE EFFECTIVELY WITH PATIENTS AND DEVOTE THE TIME AND EFFORT NECESSARY TO UNDERSTAND AND MOTIVATED THEM


FAMILY MEMBER SHOULD ALSO BE INCLUDE SO THAT THEY CAN UNDERSTAND THE DISEASE AND HELP THE PATIENT TO COPE


PATIENT SELECTION

  • SYMPTOMATIC LUNG DISEASE

  • STABLE ON STANDARD THERAPY

  • FUNCTION LIMITATION BECAUSE OF DISEASE

  • MOTIVATED TO BE ACTIVELY INVOLVED IN AND TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR OWN HEALTH CARE


  • NO OTHER INTERFERING ON UNSTABLE MEDICAL CONDITION

  • NO ARBITRARY LUNG FUNCTION OR AGE CRITERIA


WHEN ARE THE PATIENTS REFERED TO THE PULMONARY REHABILITATION?

MOSTLY:

  • PATIENTS WITH DIFFICULTY IN CLEARING SECRETION

  • PATIENTS WITH DYSPNEA AND HYPOXIC PANNIC

  • PATIENT WITH PULMONARY CHRONIC DISEASE

  • PRE AND POST THORACIC SURGERY


DON’T PANIC : CONTROL YOUR BREATHING


DON’T PANIC :RELAX YOURSELF


CONTROLED BREATHING ACTIVITY


ACCESSORIES MUSCLES RELAXATION

  • Neck muscles

  • Shoulder muscles

  • Chest flexibility


Abdominal Muscles Exercises


Upper Extremity Exercises


Postural Drainage


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