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Climate. What is the difference between Climate and Weather. Weather-day-to-day state of the atmosphere in a region Climate-how the atmosphere "behaves" over relatively long periods of time. . Factors That Effect Climate. LOWERN. L atitude. Latitude.

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Climate

Climate


What is the difference between climate and weather

What is the difference between Climate and Weather

  • Weather-day-to-day state of the atmosphere in a region

  • Climate-how the atmosphere "behaves" over relatively long periods of time.


Factors that effect climate

Factors That Effect Climate

LOWERN


L atitude

Latitude


Latitude

Latitude

Temperature- the further from the equator (north or south), the cooler it gets

Precipitation- the closer to the poles, the lower the preciptation

Why? Cooler air holds less moisture


O cean currents

Ocean Currents


Ocean currents

Ocean Currents

  • Temperature- if they are warm it will raise the temperature along the coast and if they are cold, they will lower the temperature.

  • Precipitation- if they are warm, the climate will be wetter and if they are cold, the climate will be drier


W ind prevailing

Wind (Prevailing)

In Canada, our prevailing winds are the Westerlies, which means our weather patterns travel from west to east.


Winds

Winds

  • Temperature

    • Off water- moderate temperature s( make it more even)

    • Off land- more extreme temperatures

  • Precipitation

    • Off water- brings more moisture (makes wetter)

    • Off land- brings drier conditions


E levation

Elevation


Elevation

Elevation

  • Temperature- the higher you go the colder it gets

  • Precipitation- the higher you go the more precipitation you are likely to get


R elief

Relief


Relief

Relief

  • Temperature- moderate on ocean side and extreme on land side

  • Precipitation- side facing water(windward side) is wetter than the side facing away from the water (leeward side)

    • Why?- as the air rises up the mountain it cools and since cool air

    • cannot hold much moisture, it releases it as it rises


N ear water

N ear Water


Near water

Near Water

  • Temperature- moderated by the ocean (especially if moving inland off the ocean) so far inland areas experience more extreme temperatures

  • Precipitation- higher next to oceans, lower in areas located far inland


So all this creates some very distinct climate zones within canada

So all this creates some very distinct Climate zones within canada


Canada s climate regions

Canada’s Climate Regions


Arctic

Arctic

Characteristics

Temperature

  • Cold winters, cool summers

    Precipitation

    -low amount(less than 50 cm)

    - snow

    What else?

    • High winds

    • Coastal areas are warmer and have heavier snow falls


West coast

West Coast

Characteristics

Temperature

  • Cool summers, mild winters

    Precipitation

  • Very wet (60- 400cm precipitation)


Mountain

Mountain

Characteristics

  • Very different because of the 2 mountain ranges

    Temperature

    • Temperatures tend to drop the higher you get in elevation

      Precipitation

    • Summers tend to be dry, with wetter winters


Boreal

Boreal

Characteristics

Temperature

  • Temperature range is large because zone covers large area latitudinal

    Precipitation

  • Precipitation is generally low, with higher amounts in the eastern coastal areas


Prairie

Prairie

Characteristics

Temperature

  • Extreme temperature range

    Precipitation

  • Generally very dry

    What else?

    • Very windy


Southeastern

Southeastern

Characteristics

Temperature

  • Cool winters, warm to hot summers

    Precipitation

  • Moderate precipitation- various forms

    What else?

    • One of the major storm tracks of North America

    • Prone to highly changeable weather


Lowern explained by bill nye

LOWERN Explained by Bill Nye

  • Elevation- why is it colder at higher elevations? Are you not closer to the sun?

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGNxYtT_36I

  • Wind- how is wind created?

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uBqohRu2RRk

  • Ocean Currents- what keeps ocean currents moving?

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w_8mw-1HYFg


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