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French Revolution Vocabulary. Please get desks back into groups. Can you remember our “Enlightenment Thinkers” and what they represented? How could their ideas lead to a revolution? What is a revolution?. First Estate.

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French Revolution Vocabulary

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French Revolution Vocabulary


  • Please get desks back into groups.

  • Can you remember our “Enlightenment Thinkers” and what they represented?

  • How could their ideas lead to a revolution?

  • What is a revolution?


First Estate

  • Church leaders (i.e. priests, bishops, etc.) who owned 15% of the land.

  • Only 1% (1 out of every 100) of the people of France were in the 1st Estate.

  • Privileged from birth

  • They didn’t have to pay taxes.


Second Estate

  • The wealthy nobles who owned 15% of the land.

  • Privileged from birth

  • Only 2% of the people

  • Didn’t pay taxes

  • Had one vote


King Louis XVI

  • King of France, a noble of the 2nd Estate

  • Wanted to tax the nobles at the Estates General because of France’s debt (money owned)

  • Did not understand how poor most of the people of France were


Third Estate

  • Consisting of all other French people who were not of the 1st and 2nd Estates

  • Some were wealthy but not born of noble birth – sometimes called “bourgeois” or common people

  • Many times larger than either of the first two estates

  • Paid taxes

  • Had one vote and 97% of the population


Bourgeoisie

  • Non-noble rich people who were part of the 3rd Estate

  • Main leaders of the French Revolution

  • Lawyers, shopkeepers, etc./middle class


Estates General

  • An ancient assembly (group of representatives) consisting of the three different estates

  • Each represented a portion of the French population


National Assembly

  • Realizing they had much more of the population represented, the Third Estate declared themselves a new country.

  • They wanted to a new Constitution for France


Tennis Court Oath

  • Having been locked out of the Estates General, the new National Assembly went to a tennis court next door.

  • They swore they would not leave until a new constitution had been agreed upon.


Declaration of the Rights of Man

  • After the Revolution began, the General Assembly released the Declaration of Man

  • This document established new laws for France

  • Declared a new country


Bastille

  • A prison in Paris where weapons were kept

  • Bastille Day: July 14, 1789 a mob attacked the Bastille, releasing 14 prisoners and taking weapons

  • This is the beginning of the French Revolution


Robespierre and the Jacobins

  • A leader of the National Convention and a member of the Jacobins

  • Influenced by Enlightenment thinkers

  • Between 1793-1794, he had 15,000 (guillotined) beheaded; he was then beheaded in 1794.


Reign of Terror

  • Robespierre and the Jacobins go throughout the country guillotining thousands

  • After foreign invaders are pushed out by the army and after the economy is stable (country’s money situation is okay), Robespierre is guillotined.


Napoleon Bonaparte

  • With the army becoming strong, Napoleon (a general) becomes stronger

  • In 1799 Napoleon leads a takeover of the capital city, Paris

  • Napoleon declares himself “First Consul” (leader of France)

  • This ended the French Revolution


Napoleonic Code

  • Napoleon created his own French law (laws for France) in 1804

  • Laws were simple and gave the equality desired by the 3rd Estate


Continental System

  • Napoleon set out to take over Europe

  • 1806, the Continental System was to stop Britain’s trading with the rest of Europe (Britain includes islands separate from the European mainland)


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