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Probabilistic Group-Level Motion Analysis and Scenario Recognition. Ming-Ching Chang, Nils Krahnstoever, Weina Ge ICCV2011. Outline. Introduction Related Works Probabilistic Group Analysis Probabilistic Group Structure Analysis and

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probabilistic group level motion analysis and scenario recognition

Probabilistic Group-Level Motion Analysis and Scenario Recognition

Ming-Ching Chang, Nils Krahnstoever, Weina Ge

ICCV2011

outline
Outline
  • Introduction
  • Related Works
  • Probabilistic Group Analysis
  • Probabilistic Group Structure Analysis and
  • Scenario RecognitionProbabilistic Individual Motion and Interaction Analysis
  • Experiment Results
introduction
Introduction
  • Environments such as schools, transportation hubs are typically characterized by a large number of people with complex social interactions.
  • Understanding group-level interaction is particularly important in surveillance and security.
introduction1
Introduction
  • The gang are the root cause of criminal behavior.
  • A major goal of this work is to automatically detect and predict events of interest by understanding behaviors and activities at the group level.
introduction2
Introduction
  • There are at least three major issues in performing group-level behavior recognition.
    • 1.define the groups
    • 2.relationships change rapidly
    • 3. efficient inference strategy
introduction3
Introduction
  • This paper perform and maintain a soft grouping structure throughout the entire event recognition stage.
  • A key feature of our soft grouping strategy is that group-level activities must be represented on a per individual basis.
introduction4
Introduction
  • based on two components:
    • A probabilistic group analysis
    • A probabilistic motion analysis
  • handling arbitrary number of individuals.
  • The group representation is general and can be combined naturally
related works
Related Works
  • Ni et al. [19] recognize human group activities using three types of localized causalities based on training and labeling.
  • Ryoo and Aggarwal [22] simultaneously estimate group structure and detect group activities using a stochastic grammar.
  • For pedestrian tracking and motion prediction, most existing methods focus on modeling simple activities of a single person or theinteractivity between two.
probabilistic group analysis
Probabilistic Group Analysis
  • we define a pairwise grouping measure based on three main terms: the distance between two individuals, the motion (body pose and velocity) and the track history.
probabilistic group analysis1
Probabilistic Group Analysis
  • For instantaneous affinity measure
probabilistic group analysis2
Probabilistic Group Analysis
  • i and j are connected
probabilistic group analysis3
Probabilistic Group Analysis
  • We then set the connection probability between i and j to be the optimal path amongst all possible paths, which yields the highest probability
probabilistic group structure analysis and scenario recognition
Probabilistic Group Structure Analysis and Scenario Recognition
  • Group scenario recognition:
  • In security, group loitering is of particular interest to municipalities, because it is likely related to (or often the prologue of) illegal activities.
probabilistic group structure analysis and scenario recognition1
Probabilistic Group Structure Analysis and Scenario Recognition
  • definition of a loitering person has three criteria:
    • is currently moving slowly
    • has been close to the current position at a point in time at Tmin~Tmax ago
    • Was also moving slowly at that previous point in time
probabilistic group structure analysis and scenario recognition2
Probabilistic Group Structure Analysis and Scenario Recognition
  • Two groups of a pair of people i and j are considered currently close-by if there exists no person k that both i and j are close to.
  • The distinct groups between individuals i and j ,there is no connectivity from (i, k) or (k, j),
probabilistic individual motion and interaction analysis
Probabilistic Individual Motion and Interaction Analysis
  • Contain three main categories:
    • individual motion types
    • relative motion direction between pairs
    • relative distance change between pairs
probabilistic individual motion and interaction analysis3
Probabilistic Individual Motion and Interaction Analysis
  • These can be combined to detect high-level scenarios.
  • For example, the probability of two targets quickly running toward, and meeting at the same location is:
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