Organic chemistry
Download
1 / 10

Organic Chemistry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 163 Views
  • Uploaded on

Organic Chemistry. Functional Groups. Groups. Group name: alkyl Found in: alkanes. 2-methyl 3-ethyl pentane. Groups. Group name: alkene Found in: alkenes. but-1-ene. ( could also be written: CH 2 CHCH 2 CH 3 ). If a molecule has at least one alkene group, it is unsaturated.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Organic Chemistry' - borna


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Organic chemistry

Organic Chemistry

Functional Groups


Groups
Groups

Group name: alkyl

Found in:alkanes

2-methyl 3-ethyl pentane


Groups1
Groups

Group name: alkene

Found in:alkenes

but-1-ene

( could also be written: CH2CHCH2CH3 )

If a molecule has at least one alkene group, it is unsaturated


Groups2
Groups

Group name: hydroxyl

Found in:alcohols

butane-1,2-diol


Groups3
Groups

Group name: carbonyl

Found in:aldehydes(if at end of chain), ketones(if not)

propanal

pentan-3-one

( could also be written: HCOCH2CH3 )

( could also be written: CH3CH2COCH2CH3 )


Groups4
Groups

Group name: carboxyl

Found in:carboxylic acids

propanoic acid

( could also be written: HOOCCH2CH3 )


Groups5
Groups

A carboxylic acid can lose its proton (H+) to become a

carboxylate anion

propanoate ion

A carboxylate anion and a positive ion forms a

carboxylate salt

sodium propanoate


Groups6
Groups

Group name: ester

Found in:esters

methyl propanoate

( could also be written: CH3OOCCH2CH3 )

Notice how each side of the ester is named:

methyl

propanoate


Groups7
Groups

Group name: amine

Found in:amines

butan-2-amine

( could also be written: CH3CH(NH2)CH2CH3 )


Groups8
Groups

Group name: amide

Found in:amides

don’t need to name these

( could also be written: CH3CONHCH2CH2CH3 )


ad