Chapter 10
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Chapter 10. Participating in Groups. Groups. Participants are those members of a group who interact to bring about the actions of the group. Leaders are those who guide the group. Leadership refers to those who influence the group to accomplish its goal. The Group Participant.

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Chapter 10

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Chapter 10

Chapter 10

Participating in Groups


Groups

Groups

  • Participants are those members of a group who interact to bring about the actions of the group.

  • Leaders are those who guide the group.

  • Leadership refers to those who influence the group to accomplish its goal.


The group participant

The Group Participant

  • Group participants normally perform communicative maintenance and task roles, form networks to relay messages, and deal with other group members.


Responsibilites of group members

Responsibilites of Group Members

  • All members of a group are responsible and accountable for final decisions.

  • All members should be knowledgeable.

  • All members must participate.

  • Members should take an active role within the group.

  • Members must put aside their own perjudices and beliefs and be open to others’ ideas.


Group maintenance

Group Maintenance

  • Group maintenance focuses on the social dimension of the group.

  • In order to effectively perform group maintenance an individual should:

    • Treat others with respect

    • Maintain a positive attitude

    • Encourage others

    • Pay attention to nonverbal messages

    • Assume an active role


Task roles

Task Roles

  • Task roles include initiating ideas, encouraging diverse ideas, using reasoned thought, staying open-minded, being aware of hidden agendas, etc.; in other words making sure the group accomplishes its goal.

  • To do this effectively members need to:

    • Initiate ideas

    • Encourage diverse ideas

    • Use reasoned thought

    • Stay open-minded

    • Be aware of hidden agendas

    • Be cognizant of time constraints


Dealing with difficult group members

Dealing with Difficult Group Members

  • Don’t placate the troublemaker

  • Refuse to goaded into a reciprocal pattern

  • Try to make the disruption a constructive contribution

  • Confront the difficult person directly

  • Separate yourself from the difficult person


Group leadership

Group Leadership

  • Leaders gain power through five different sources:

  • 1. legitimate power; inspiring a sense of responsibility in followers.

  • 2. reward power; providing followers with things they desire.

  • 3. coercive power; taking away rewards or administering sanctions and punishments.

  • 4. expert power; providing others with information and advice.

  • 5. referent power; providing others with self worth, or approval.


Types of leaders

Types of Leaders

  • Authoritarian leader-dominates and directs a group according to personal goals and objectives, regardless of how consistent or inconsistent these are with group members’ goals.

  • Democratic leader-facilitates a group according to the goals of its members and allows them to form their own conclusions.

  • Laissez-faire leader-is nondirective and empowers group members to do their own thing.


Why do individuals want to be leaders

Why do Individuals Want to be Leaders?

  • Information

  • Rewards

  • Expectations

  • Acceptance

  • Status


Chapter 10

  • GROUP ASSIGNMENT & WORK TIME


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