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William Shakespeare. Elizabethan England.

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The age of Shakespeare was a great time in English history. The reign of Elizabeth (1558 - 1603) saw England emerge as the leading naval and commercial power of the Western world. Elizabeth I\'s England consolidated its position with the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, and firmly established the Church of England (begun by her father, Henry VIII, after a dispute with the Pope). Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh sent colonists eastward in search of profit. In trade, might, and art, England established an envious preeminence. At this time, London was the heart of England, reflecting all the vibrant qualities of the Elizabethan Age. It was in this atmosphere that London became a leading center of culture as well as commerce. Its dramatists and poets were among the leading literary artists of the day; this is the environment in which Shakespeare lived and wrote.
London in the 16th century underwent a transformation. Its population grew 400% from 1500 to 1600, swelling to nearly two hundred thousand people in the city proper and outlying region by the time an immigrant from Stratford came to town. A rising merchant middle class was carving out a productive livelihood, and the economy was booming.
  • In the 1580s, the writings of the University Wits (Marlowe, Greene, Lyly, Kyd, and Peele) defined the London theatre. Though grounded in medieval/Jacobean roots, these men produced new dramas and comedies using Marlowe\'s styling of blank verse. Shakespeare outdid them all; he combined the best traits of Elizabethan drama with classical sources, enriching the admixture with his imagination and wit.
view of london by j c visscher from londinum florentiss i ma britanniae urbs 1616
View of London by J.C. Visscher, from Londinum Florentiss[i]ma Britanniae Urbs, 1616

"Old Globe in Shakespeare\'s day," illustration by A. Forestier, Illustrated London News, 1910; the performance portrayed has been identified as one of the parts of Henry IV

Sketch of the interior of the Swan Theatre, by Johannes de Witt, as copied by Aernout van Buchel, c. 1596
  • "What\'s in a name huh?You see there\'s this guy and he loves this girl right? The girl, she loves the guy, okay? You wid me so far? So far so rom-com, right?Wrong. You see this guy\'s family and this girl\'s family don\'t get along, capiche?I mean REALLY don\'t get along.And when this guy\'s family and this girl\'s family find out what\'s going on, well...Let\'s just say there\'s going to be A SITUATION."
  • Love huh? It\'ll kill you every time.
  • Rated NC-17. Contains scenes of macho posturing and inappropriate use of a balcony.
  • "Would have made a great musical!"- Francis Pentangelo
marriage certificate william shaxpeare to marry one anna whately in temple grafton warwickshire
Marriage certificateWilliam Shaxpeare to marry one Anna Whately, in Temple Grafton, Warwickshire.
Ah, Luciana, did he tempt thee so?Mightst thou perceive austerely in his eyeThat he did plead in earnest? yea or no?Look\'d he or red or pale, or sad or merrily?What observation madest thou in this caseOf his heart\'s meteors tilting in his face?
  • Why, man, what is the matter?
  • I do not know the matter: he is \'rested on the case.
  • This falls out better than I could devise.But hast thou yet latch\'d the Athenian\'s eyesWith the love-juice, as I did bid thee do?
  • PUCK
  • I took him sleeping,--that is finish\'d too,--And the Athenian woman by his side:That, when he waked, of force she must be eyed.
hamlet o pr ncipe da dinamarca

HamletO príncipe da Dinamarca

Daniela Ap. Vendramini Zanella Classes at Universidade de Sorocaba SP, Brasil

the tragedy of hamlet prince of denmark shakespeare homepage hamlet
Act 1, Scene 1: Elsinore. A platform before the castle.Act 1, Scene 2: A room of state in the castle.Act 1, Scene 3: A room in Polonius\' house.Act 1, Scene 4: The platform.Act 1, Scene 5: Another part of the platform.

Act 2, Scene 1: A room in POLONIUS\' house.Act 2, Scene 2: A room in the castle.

Act 3, Scene 1: A room in the castle.To be or not to be

Act 3, Scene 2: A hall in the castle.Act 3, Scene 3: A room in the castle.Act 3, Scene 4: The Queen\'s closet.

Act 4, Scene 1: A room in the castle.Act 4, Scene 2: Another room in the castle.Act 4, Scene 3: Another room in the castle.Act 4, Scene 4: A plain in Denmark.

Act 4, Scene 5: Elsinore. A room in the castle.Act 4, Scene 6: Another room in the castle.Act 4, Scene 7: Another room in the castle.Morte de Ofelia

Act 5, Scene 1: A churchyard.Act 5, Scene 2: A hall in the castle.

The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark Shakespeare homepage | Hamlet
act iii scene iv morte de polonio
Act III Scene IV morte de Polonio
  • QUEEN GERTRUDE What wilt thou do? thou wilt not murder me?Help, help, ho!LORD POLONIUS [Behind] What, ho! help, help, help!HAMLET [Drawing] How now! a rat? Dead, for a ducat, dead!Makes a pass through the arras
  • LORD POLONIUS [Behind] O, I am slain!Falls and dies
  • QUEEN GERTRUDE O me, what hast thou done?HAMLET Nay, I know not:Is it the king?QUEEN GERTRUDE O, what a rash and bloody deed is this!HAMLET A bloody deed! almost as bad, good mother,As kill a king, and marry with his brother.
act iii scene 1
Act III Scene 1
  • To be or not to be
to be or not to be act iii scene 1
To be, or not to be Act III Scene 1
  • To be, or not to be: that is the question:Whether \'tis nobler in the mind to sufferThe slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep;No more; and by a sleep to say we endThe heart-ache and the thousand natural shocksThat flesh is heir to, \'tis a consummationDevoutly to be wish\'d. To die, to sleep;To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there\'s the rub;For in that sleep of death what dreams may comeWhen we have shuffled off this mortal coil,Must give us pause: there\'s the respectThat makes calamity of so long life;
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,The oppressor\'s wrong, the proud man\'s contumely,The pangs of despised love, the law\'s delay,The insolence of office and the spurnsThat patient merit of the unworthy takes,When he himself might his quietus makeWith a bare bodkin? who would fardels bear,To grunt and sweat under a weary life,But that the dread of something after death,The undiscover\'d country from whose bournNo traveller returns, puzzles the will
And makes us rather bear those ills we haveThan fly to others that we know not of?Thus conscience does make cowards of us all;And thus the native hue of resolutionIs sicklied o\'er with the pale cast of thought,And enterprises of great pith and momentWith this regard their currents turn awry,And lose the name of action.--Soft you now!The fair Ophelia! Nymph, in thy orisonsBe all my sins remember\'d.
OPHELIA Good my lord,How does your honour for this many a day?HAMLET I humbly thank you; well, well, well.OPHELIA My lord, I have remembrances of yours,That I have longed long to re-deliver;I pray you, now receive them.HAMLET No, not I;I never gave you aught.OPHELIA My honour\'d lord, you know right well you did;And, with them, words of so sweet breath composedAs made the things more rich: their perfume lost,Take these again; for to the noble mindRich gifts wax poor when givers prove unkind.There, my lord.HAMLETHa, ha! are you honest?OPHELIA My lord?HAMLET Are you fair?OPHELIA What means your lordship?HAMLET That if you be honest and fair, your honesty shouldadmit no discourse to your beauty.
OPHELIA Could beauty, my lord, have better commerce thanwith honesty?HAMLET Ay, truly; for the power of beauty will soonertransform honesty from what it is to a bawd than theforce of honesty can translate beauty into hislikeness: this was sometime a paradox, but now thetime gives it proof. I did love you once.OPHELIA Indeed, my lord, you made me believe so.HAMLET You should not have believed me; for virtue cannotso inoculate our old stock but we shall relish ofit: I loved you not.OPHELIA I was the more deceived.
HAMLETGet thee to a nunnery: why wouldst thou be abreeder of sinners? I am myself indifferent honest;but yet I could accuse me of such things that itwere better my mother had not borne me: I am veryproud, revengeful, ambitious, with more offences atmy beck than I have thoughts to put them in,imagination to give them shape, or time to act themin. What should such fellows as I do crawlingbetween earth and heaven? We are arrant knaves,all; believe none of us. Go thy ways to a nunnery.Where\'s your father?OPHELIA At home, my lord.HAMLET Let the doors be shut upon him, that he may play theool no where but in\'s own house. Farewell.
OPHELIA O, help him, you sweet heavens!HAMLET If thou dost marry, I\'ll give thee this plague forthy dowry: be thou as chaste as ice, as pure assnow, thou shalt not escape calumny. Get thee to anunnery, go: farewell. Or, if thou wilt needsmarry, marry a fool; for wise men know well enoughwhat monsters you make of them. To a nunnery, go,and quickly too. Farewell.OPHELIA O heavenly powers, restore him!HAMLET
act iv scene vii
Act IV Scene VII
  • QUEEN GERTRUDE One woe doth tread upon another\'s heel,So fast they follow; your sister\'s drown\'d, Laertes.LAERTES Drown\'d! O, where?
QUEEN GERTRUDE There is a willow grows aslant a brook,That shows his hoar leaves in the glassy stream;There with fantastic garlands did she comeOf crow-flowers, nettles, daisies, and long purplesThat liberal shepherds give a grosser name,But our cold maids do dead men\'s fingers call them:There, on the pendent boughs her coronet weedsClambering to hang, an envious sliver broke;When down her weedy trophies and herselfFell in the weeping brook. Her clothes spread wide;And, mermaid-like, awhile they bore her up:Which time she chanted snatches of old tunes;As one incapable of her own distress,Or like a creature native and induedUnto that element: but long it could not beTill that her garments, heavy with their drink,Pull\'d the poor wretch from her melodious layTo muddy death.
um pouco de humor act iv scene iii
Um pouco de humor Act IV Scene III
  • KING CLAUDIUS Now, Hamlet, where\'s Polonius?HAMLET At supper.KING CLAUDIUS At supper! where?HAMLET Not where he eats, but where he is eaten: a certainconvocation of politic worms are e\'en at him. Yourworm is your only emperor for diet: we fat allcreatures else to fat us, and we fat ourselves formaggots: your fat king and your lean beggar is butvariable service, two dishes, but to one table:that\'s the end.
KING CLAUDIUS Alas, alas!HAMLETA man may fish with the worm that hath eat of aking, and cat of the fish that hath fed of that worm.KING CLAUDIUS What dost you mean by this?HAMLET Nothing but to show you how a king may go aprogress through the guts of a beggar.KING CLAUDIUS Where is Polonius?HAMLET In heaven; send hither to see: if your messengerfind him not there, seek him i\' the other placeyourself. But indeed, if you find him not withinthis month, you shall nose him as you go up thestairs into the lobby.