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Strategic Management 436. Turkcell Sec I. Current Situation D. Shepley. Current Situation.

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Strategic management 436

Strategic Management 436

Turkcell sec i

Turkcell Sec I

  • Current Situation

    • D. Shepley

Current situation

Current Situation

  • End of year 2002, Turkcell had total assets of $3.2 billion, revenues of $1.97 billion, net income of $101 million, and more than 2000 employees. They also held More than 60% of the Turkish market with 16.3 million subscribers as of March 31, 2003.

Strategic posture mission

Strategic Posture Mission

  • No stated mission statement but the implied mission of the company is to continue to hold the majority of the growing Turkish market while expanding to more European countries by differentiating the services provided from competition and maintaining a loyal customer base.



  • Increase customer base

  • Retain its current customers

  • Increase the amount of usage per customer (amount of usage dropped from an average of 100 minutes per month to 56.2 because of Turkey’s economic crisis in 2001.)

  • Maintain Good customer relations and social responsibility

  • Expand to other European Countries



  • Have large amounts of consumer services

  • Stay on the forefront of technology

  • Promotion from within (Turkcell provides extensive employee training which increases employee loyalty which in turn helps to provide better service because of more experience and a will to do a good job.)

  • Pay slightly above industry average (This also helps to maintain employee loyalty and provide better service.)

  • Proactive approach

  • Result oriented

  • Minimum hierarchy

  • Full accountability

  • Simplicity

Exhibit 5

Exhibit 5

Turkcell sec ii

Turkcell Sec II

  • Corporate Governance

    • J. Brayall

Turkcell management

NYSE (2000) Symbol TKC // Istanbul Stock Exchange - TCELL

ADRs / ADSs traded on the NYSE- Turkcel's# for its ADSs is 900111204.

American Depositary Receipt- (ADRs) are receipts for the shares of a foreign corpheld by a U.S. depositary bank. American depository share (ADS) = certificates representing portions of foreign shares held by the bank, usually by a branch in the country of issue.

Governance Compliance

Turkcell Board is composed of 7 members elected by the Annual General Meeting for max terms of three yrs.

General Assembly Mtgs-

held during April. Turkcell's fiscal year is the 12-month calendar yr Jan - Dec.

Turkcell Management

Turkcell shares

Turkcell Shares

  • Disclosure Policy

    • IAW the Capital Markets Board of Turkey (SPK) and its US counterpart, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Turkcell continues its implementation of Corporate Governance Principles. The company’s “Disclosure Policy” regarding public announcements as prepared IAW domestic and international capital markets regulations.

  • Dividend Policy

    • The Board may decide whether or with the amount of dividend if any not to recommend a distribution of profits together and the shareholders, through the general assembly, may accept or reject such proposal.

  • Financial Rights

    • Board members receive no special rights or privileges & receive no compensation for their board service.

    • Nor are they eligible for credits or other special favors such as surety-ships .

Turkcell board

Turkcell Board

  • Board of Directors & Independent Members

    • As of Apr 05, no independent members sit on Turkcell’s Board of Directors.

    • Information is presented in the “Investor Relations” section of Turkcell’s website.

  • Board responsibilities:

    • Building the vision of the Company, local & international business strategies & determining short- and long-term goals;

    • Approving the Company's annual budget & business plans;

    • Monitoring & controlling the strategic & financial performance of the Company

  • Participation of Stakeholders in Mgmt

    • Currently, there is no provision for the participation of the stakeholders in management.

    • However, info is shared with our business partners & stakeholders.

Board makeup

Board Makeup

  • Turkcell’s board is comprised of members from their business partners, such as holding companies & those from the inner working of company.

  • Experience backgrounds range from those that have just joined the organization to those that were there at the inception. This shows the company is dedicated to joining tried and true methods & external / multi- functional competencies.

  • There is an intentional strong influence of representation gained from the international telecom sector, financial& consumer services industries.

  • Specifically, there is an exceptionally strong experience base represented from the Nordic based telecom partnerships.

Turkcell managers

Turkcell Managers

  • Personal Development of Managers :

    Mandatory training tracks provide continuous improvements to customer value & Turcell’s brand placement & market share enhancement.

    • Development Program for Leadership and Mgmt (LiderYöneticiYetifltirme Program)

    • Coaching / Mentorship

    • Assessment Center

    • Human Resources Training

      The DIYET program puts corrective and improvement activities, creativity, effectiveness and teamwork into practice.

Turkcell human resources

Turkcell Human Resources

  • Turkcell touts highly-skilled & highly-motivated team of employees.

  • States continuous investment in human resource development as a top priority for the company.

  • Mgmt’sgoal is- promote a leading, trustworthy, success-oriented, productive, respectful and customer-driven corporate culture.

  • Continuous investments to ensure that the employees work in an environment that is flexible, responsive, democratic and supportive of change.

Founding shareholders

Founding Shareholders

  • Turkcell's founding shareholders are Sonera Holding, formerly known as Telecom Finland Ltd. & currently owned by TeliaSonera, Çukurova Group and MV Holding.

  • Çukurova Group is one of Turkey 's leading conglomerates, active in insurance, media, trade, industrial services, communications, IT & tourism.

  • TeliaSonera was formed in Dec 02 with the merger of Sonera Corporation, a Finnish telecom provider, and Telia, a telecom operator in Scandinavia. It is a major GSM operator in Scandinavia .

  • Combinsthe expertise of Sonera in building GSM networks and Çukurova's local mkt knowledge & experience in marketing / distribution.

Dominant shareholders

Dominant Shareholders

Shareholder Number of shares Share (%)

Turkcell Holding A.Ş. 752,066,074,110 51.00

ÇukurovaInvestmentsN.V. 43,230,288,153 2.93

ÇukurovaHoldingA.Ş. 109,195,314,495 7.40

YapıveKrediBankasıA.Ş. 42,807,402,352 2.90

Shareholder structure

Shareholder Structure

  • Turkcell shares are listed on the Istanbul Stock Exchange & on the NYSE as ADS. Currently 2 ADS = 5 tradable shares.

  • ShareholderValue of Stake (TRY)% Share

  • Turkcell Holding A.Ş.1,122,000,00051.00%

  • ÇukurovaHolding A.Ş.995.5090.05%

  • SoneraHolding B.V.287,632,17913.07%

  • MV Holding A.Ş.51,021,7122.32%

  • Other137,199,5750.01%

Turkcell sec iii

Turkcell Sec III

  • External Environment:

    • Opportunities / Threats (SWOT)

      • J. Taylor

Natural physical environment sustainability issues

Natural Physical Environment: Sustainability Issues

  • - No mention in the case of any sustainability issues

Societal environment

Societal Environment

  • The demise of the Lira in 2000 created a large deficit to repay, $1.0 B (T)

  • 25 year GSM license to operate in Turkey (O)

  • Marketing campaigns may be too expensive (T)

  • Possibility of ten year payoff to raise profit from 3G technology (T)

  • GPRS advancement created faster mobile services, allowing postpaid users full-time access to their e-mail (O)

  • MMIS creation allows for Outlook and Exchange access for Turkcell users (O)

  • Future challenge to offer 1st 3G services to Turkey (T)

Societal environment cont

Societal Environment cont.

  • Taxation of GSM businesses are 66% (T)

  • Entrance into the European Union (O)

  • Government hasn’t issued license for 3G advancement

  • Rural users still uncertain how mobile communication may benefit (T)

Societal environment cont1

Societal Environment cont.

  • Their philosophy includes good customer relations and social responsibility (O)

  • Sabbit possibly appeals to family values through marketing campaign (O)

  • There is no mention of Turkcell advancing into foreign mkts. They do have contracts w/neighboring and EU companies for roaming services.

Task environment

Task Environment

  • Threat of new entrants – Medium

  • Bargaining powers of buyers – Medium

  • Threat of substitute products or service – Low

  • Bargaining power of suppliers – High

  • Rivalry among competing firms – Low

  • Power of unions, government, special interest groups – High

Turkcell sec iv

Turkcell Sec IV

  • Internal Environment:

    • Strengths / Weaknesses (SWOT)

      • J. Taylor

Corporate structure

Corporate Structure

  • Centralized structure. CEO is a visionary who is always moving forward with technology and expects his managers to implement his ideas.

  • Turkcell is a part of the Board of Directors of the GSMA (Association of the worlds mobile service providers).

  • To keep employees on the same page, corporate puts together a major Turkcell information day to offer training on multiple company issues and policies to the staff.

Corporate culture

Corporate Culture

  • Executives and workers alike share Turkcell’s five structural principles: Proactive approach, result orientation, minimum hierarchy, full accountability, and simplicity.

  • A majority of the corporate culture is based on the ideas of the original CEO and visionary, CuneytTurktan. He had a vigorous approach to giving the best service possible, providing the best coverage and technology, and obtaining the largest portion of the market.

Corporate resources marketing

Corporate ResourcesMarketing

  • Turkcell created a character called the Snabbit that is an icon in Turkish homes.

  • Main objectives are to increase two things: the number of subscribers, and the number of call minutes per subscriber.

  • Launched a very successful “Signal Tour” project in 2000 to educate people on mobile communication.



  • They bought an additional 16.45% of Fintur Holdings B.V., owner of GSM and technology businesses, increasing their stake to 41.45%.

  • In 2001, the Turkish Lira plummeted in value causing an inflation of 114%.

  • Turkcell is the only Turkish company on the NYSE.

Research and development

Research and Development

  • They are watching mobile operators; Orange, Vodafone, and Telecom Italia as these companies expand their borders.

  • Turkcell is considering the option of offering 3G technology to their customers but still researching the associated costs and length of time to see a return.

Operations and logistics

Operations and Logistics

  • In Maletape they have a $10 million Network Control Center offering 24/7 coverage.

  • They have 7,500 strategically located base situations offering 100% coverage of Turkish cities with populations of over 5,000.

Human resources management

Human Resources Management

  • Turkcell has more than 2,000 employees divided into 49% technical, 26% customer care, 16% finance and administration, and 9% marketing.

  • They pay employees slightly above the industry average.

  • Over 80% of the employees have a college education.

Information technology

Information Technology

  • They are on top of the IT field with over 40% ownership of mobile communications IT companies.

  • They are able to troubleshoot issues when alerted by a red light on an intricate grid from any 1 of 7,500 base stations.

  • They are 100% efficient in areas with a 5,000+ population.

Turkcell sec iv1

Turkcell Sec IV

  • External Environment:

    • Strengths / Weaknesses (SWOT)

      • J. Austin

Turkcell sec v

Turkcell Sec V

  • Analysis of Strategic Factors

    • (SWOT)

      • J. Taylor

External factors

External Factors

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