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THE NATION COMES APART

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CHAPTER 12 SECTION 3. THE NATION COMES APART. POLITICAL PARTIES OF 1856. DEMOCRATS – JAMES BUCHANAN – FROM PA(WINNER) HAD NO CONNECTION WITH BLEEDING KANSAS NEITHER FAVORED OR HATED SLAVERY REPUBLICANS – JOHN C. FREMONT FREE SPEECH, FREE PRESS, FREE SOIL, FREE MEN, FREMONT

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political parties of 1856
POLITICAL PARTIES OF 1856
  • DEMOCRATS – JAMES BUCHANAN – FROM PA(WINNER)
    • HAD NO CONNECTION WITH BLEEDING KANSAS
    • NEITHER FAVORED OR HATED SLAVERY
  • REPUBLICANS – JOHN C. FREMONT
    • FREE SPEECH, FREE PRESS, FREE SOIL, FREE MEN, FREMONT
    • DOES WELL POPULAR VOTE 1,339,932 VOTES TO BUCHANAN’S 1,832,955 – ELECTORAL VOTE – 114 (FREMONT) TO 174 (BUCHANAN)
  • KNOW NOTHINGS
    • SPLIT INTO 2 SECTS – NORTH KNOW-NOTHINGS & SOUTH KNOW NOTHINGS
      • NORTH – JOHN C. FREMONT
      • SOUTH – MILLARD FILLMORE
sectionalism
SECTIONALISM
  • A FEELING OF LOYALTY TO A STATE, REGION, OR TERRITORY – NOT THE COUNTRY
dred scot vs sanford
DRED SCOT VS. SANFORD
  • SUPREME COURT CASE
  • FACTS OF THE CASE
    • DRED SCOT WAS A SLAVE
    • HE WAS TAKEN BY HIS MASTER TO ILLINOIS (FREE) AND THEN TO MINNESOTA(FREE)
    • HE MOVED BACK TO MISSOURI(SLAVE) WHERE HE SUED FOR HIS FREEDOM
  • CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS
    • WAS HE A CITIZEN OF THE USA?
    • WAS HE FREE?
dred scot vs sanford1
DRED SCOT VS. SANFORD
  • RULING (7-2) OPINION – CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERT TANEY
    • THE CONSTITUTION DECLARES THAT SLAVES ARE NOT US CITIZENS – THEY ARE PROPERTY
    • SLAVES DO NOT HAVE THE RIGHT TO FILE A LAWSUIT (LACK STANDING)
    • CONGRESS DOES NOT HAVE THE RIGHT TO DECIDE ON THE ISSUE OF SLAVERY
      • THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL
    • POP. SOV. – TERRITORIES MUST DECIDE ON THE ISSUE OF SLAVERY FOR THEMSELVES
stephen douglas
STEPHEN DOUGLAS
  • HAD A 15 YEAR CAREER IN THE SENATE
  • HELPED WRITE THE COMPROMISE OF 1850 AND THE K/N ACT IN 1854
  • KNOWN AS THE LITTLE GIANT
  • GREAT COMPROMISER
  • SAW SLAVERY AS A POLITICAL ISSUE
  • BELIEVED THAT POP SOV WOULD SOLVE THE ISSUE OF SLAVERY
abraham lincoln
ABRAHAM LINCOLN
  • SELF-EDUCATED LAWYER
  • SPENT 8 YEARS IN THE ILLINOIS STATE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE
  • 2 YEARS IN THE US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE
  • BELIEVED SLAVERY WAS A MORALLY WRONG
    • WAS NOT AN ABOLITIONIST – HE DID NOT WANT SLAVERY TO EXPAND INTO THE TERRITORIES
  • “A HOUSE DIVIDED AGAINST ITSELF CANNOT STAND. I BELIEVE THIS GOVERNMENT CANNOT ENDURE PERMANENTLY HALF SLAVE AND HALF FREE. I DO NOT EXPECT THE UNION TO BE DISSOLVED – I DO NOT EXPECT THE HOUSE TO FALL – BUT I DO EXPECT IT WILL CEASE TO BE DIVIDED. IT WILL BECOME ALL ONE THING, OR ALL THE OTHER.”
lincoln douglas debate 1858
LINCOLN – DOUGLAS DEBATE (1858)
  • ABRAHAM LINCOLN(R) RAN AGAINST STEPHEN DOUGLAS (D) FOR REPUBLICAN SENATOR FROM ILLINOIS
  • DEBATED EACH OTHER 7 TIMES
  • DOUGLAS TRIED TO MAKE LINCOLN LOOK LIKE AN ABOLITIONIST
  • LINCOLN TRIED TO FORCE DOUGLAS TO MAKE PROSLAVERY STATEMENTS
  • STEPHAN DOUGLAS WON THE ELECTION OF US SENATE
john brown s raid 1859
JOHN BROWN’S RAID (1859)
  • THE PLAN
    • RAID THE US ARSENAL AT HARPER’S FERRY VIRGINIA
      • 18 FOLLOWERS – 13
    • GIVE THE STOLEN GUNS TO SLAVES
    • STARTED A SLAVE REVOLT
  • THE PROBLEM
    • THE SLAVE WERE RELUCTANT
    • THEY WENT BACK TO THE ARSENAL, WHICH WAS SURROUNDED BY RIVERS AD MOUNTAINS
    • ROBERT E. LEE (MARINE) EASILY CAPTURED BROWN AND 10 FOLLOWERS
john brown s raid 18591
JOHN BROWN’S RAID (1859)
  • THE AFTERMATH
    • JOHN BROWN WAS FOUND GUILTY OF TREASON
    • SENTENCED BY THE COURT TO THE GALLOWS
      • SOUTHERNERS WERE JACKED
        • BECAUSE THE NORTH SAW BROWN AS A MARTYR AND SANG HIS PRAISES
        • BROWN THEY THOUGHT WAS TERRIBLE FOR INCITING A SLAVE RIOT
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