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Jacksonian America. Chapter 9. Guiding Questions. How did Andrew Jackson the man and president, reflect the change in political ideology of the 1820-30’s? How did political parties meet the needs/wants of the people?

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guiding questions
Guiding Questions
  • How did Andrew Jackson the man and president, reflect the change in political ideology of the 1820-30’s?
  • How did political parties meet the needs/wants of the people?
  • Is the argument for the powers of nullification a valid democratic argument? Does the constitution justify such powers implicationally?
the expanding electorate
The Expanding Electorate
  • Jacksonian America saw…
    • No growth in economic equality
    • No redistribution of wealth
    • BUT voter’s rights were expanded

How?

  • States had been restricted voting to…
    • White, property owning, taxpayers
    • Voter suffrage (rights) expanded first in the West
    • The number of total voters doubled from 1824-28, then almost doubled again the next decade.
the dorr rebellion
The Dorr Rebellion
  • Thomas Dorr (a local leader in Rhode Island) didn’t like the voter restrictions so he drafted a new Constitution for his state.
  • It is put to a state wide vote and Dorr’s Constitution wins popular support.
  • 2 governments operated at the same time.
  • Dorr acting as Governor tries to take the state arsenal and is arrested and imprisoned.
  • Power is restored to the legitimate legislator but they are forced to expand voter rights.
legitimization of the party
Legitimization of the Party
  • Martin Van Buren starts first established political party in New York: The Albany Regency
    • Party votes for their candidates
    • They value party loyalty over all else
    • They claim that party loyalty ensures that elected officials follow the will of the people.
    • Party needs permanent opposition to survive
    • This is the birth of the Second Party System (1828)

Anti-Jacksonians=Whigs Pro-Jackson=Democrats

jacksonian democracy
Jacksonian Democracy
  • For the Common Man
  • “Equal protection and equal benefits.”
  • Jackson goes after “entrenched officeholders”
  • Puts in its place new elected officials who appoint supporters to government positions=The Spoils System (To the victor goes the spoils)
  • Party convention replaces the caucus
  • Kitchen Cabinet replaces real Cabinet

Did these changes give power to the people?

our federal union
Our Federal Union
  • Jackson weakens the function of the Federal Government but strengthens the powers of the president
    • He believes in Jefferson’s strong state rights with strong farmers
  • John C. Calhoun is Vice President
    • He believes that the Tariff of Abominations has caused economic turmoil in the South
nullification
Nullification
  • Calhoun proposes that the state of South Carolina has the power to Nullify the tariff because it is the state that gives the federal government power.
  • Jackson disagrees with nullification
  • Calhoun resigns
  • Van Buren is appointed VP
  • Webster-Hayne Debate rages in congress arguing whether the states have the right to ignore a federal law.
nullification1
Nullification
  • In November of 1832 South Carolina votes to nullify the tariff
  • Jackson, fearing an end to the Union, sends in troops to collect the tariff—Force Act
  • Congress trying to avoid civil war passes a bill at the last minute to gradually lower the tariff over the next ten years (till 1842) to pre-1816 levels.
  • This calms the nullification debate…for now.
  • Proves that states can’t go it alone and that secession is possible.
our actors
Our Actors
  • Narrator=Mr. Flessa
  • Director=Mr. Flessa
  • Andrew Jackson=Springer
  • Newsboy=Cameron
  • Calhoun=Max
  • Webster=Hannah S
  • Hayne=Abigail
  • Jefferson=Skittles
  • Clay=Curtis
  • Van Buren=Merrick
  • Peggy Eaton=Maha
  • John Eaton=Donnie
  • Soldier=Kate
  • Black Hawk=Neel
  • Hamilton=Hannah Roll
  • Scott=Tasneem
  • Taney=Sarmad
  • Duane=Amanda
  • Santa Anna=Asprin
  • Austin=Jacob
  • Houston=Nadia
  • Adams=Sarah
  • Lawrence=Kate
  • Swift=Donnie
oh yeah
Oh Yeah…!
  • We will be holding our first “OH YEAH!” debate today based on your Jackson: $20 Projects. Here are the rules.
    • We will start with a random person. That person will stand and give a reason my President Jackson should be on the $20 Bill.
    • When they are finished a historical figure with an OPPOSING view will stand and say “OH YEAH!...” then give one of their reasons my Jackson SHOULDN’T be in the $20.
    • When they are finish a person with an opposing view of the second person will stand and say “OH YEAH!...” and give their reason why Jackson SHOULD be on the $20.
    • And so on…
    • Pay attention so that you don’t repeat someone else’s reason.
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