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Jacksonian America. Chapter 9. Guiding Questions. How did Andrew Jackson the man and president, reflect the change in political ideology of the 1820-30’s? How did political parties meet the needs/wants of the people?

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Jacksonian america

Jacksonian America

Chapter 9


Guiding questions
Guiding Questions

  • How did Andrew Jackson the man and president, reflect the change in political ideology of the 1820-30’s?

  • How did political parties meet the needs/wants of the people?

  • Is the argument for the powers of nullification a valid democratic argument? Does the constitution justify such powers implicationally?


The expanding electorate
The Expanding Electorate

  • Jacksonian America saw…

    • No growth in economic equality

    • No redistribution of wealth

    • BUT voter’s rights were expanded

      How?

  • States had been restricted voting to…

    • White, property owning, taxpayers

    • Voter suffrage (rights) expanded first in the West

    • The number of total voters doubled from 1824-28, then almost doubled again the next decade.


The dorr rebellion
The Dorr Rebellion

  • Thomas Dorr (a local leader in Rhode Island) didn’t like the voter restrictions so he drafted a new Constitution for his state.

  • It is put to a state wide vote and Dorr’s Constitution wins popular support.

  • 2 governments operated at the same time.

  • Dorr acting as Governor tries to take the state arsenal and is arrested and imprisoned.

  • Power is restored to the legitimate legislator but they are forced to expand voter rights.


Legitimization of the party
Legitimization of the Party

  • Martin Van Buren starts first established political party in New York: The Albany Regency

    • Party votes for their candidates

    • They value party loyalty over all else

    • They claim that party loyalty ensures that elected officials follow the will of the people.

    • Party needs permanent opposition to survive

    • This is the birth of the Second Party System (1828)

      Anti-Jacksonians=Whigs Pro-Jackson=Democrats


Jacksonian democracy
Jacksonian Democracy

  • For the Common Man

  • “Equal protection and equal benefits.”

  • Jackson goes after “entrenched officeholders”

  • Puts in its place new elected officials who appoint supporters to government positions=The Spoils System (To the victor goes the spoils)

  • Party convention replaces the caucus

  • Kitchen Cabinet replaces real Cabinet

    Did these changes give power to the people?


Our federal union
Our Federal Union

  • Jackson weakens the function of the Federal Government but strengthens the powers of the president

    • He believes in Jefferson’s strong state rights with strong farmers

  • John C. Calhoun is Vice President

    • He believes that the Tariff of Abominations has caused economic turmoil in the South


Nullification
Nullification

  • Calhoun proposes that the state of South Carolina has the power to Nullify the tariff because it is the state that gives the federal government power.

  • Jackson disagrees with nullification

  • Calhoun resigns

  • Van Buren is appointed VP

  • Webster-Hayne Debate rages in congress arguing whether the states have the right to ignore a federal law.


Nullification1
Nullification

  • In November of 1832 South Carolina votes to nullify the tariff

  • Jackson, fearing an end to the Union, sends in troops to collect the tariff—Force Act

  • Congress trying to avoid civil war passes a bill at the last minute to gradually lower the tariff over the next ten years (till 1842) to pre-1816 levels.

  • This calms the nullification debate…for now.

  • Proves that states can’t go it alone and that secession is possible.


Our actors
Our Actors

  • Narrator=Mr. Flessa

  • Director=Mr. Flessa

  • Andrew Jackson=Springer

  • Newsboy=Cameron

  • Calhoun=Max

  • Webster=Hannah S

  • Hayne=Abigail

  • Jefferson=Skittles

  • Clay=Curtis

  • Van Buren=Merrick

  • Peggy Eaton=Maha

  • John Eaton=Donnie

  • Soldier=Kate

  • Black Hawk=Neel

  • Hamilton=Hannah Roll

  • Scott=Tasneem

  • Taney=Sarmad

  • Duane=Amanda

  • Santa Anna=Asprin

  • Austin=Jacob

  • Houston=Nadia

  • Adams=Sarah

  • Lawrence=Kate

  • Swift=Donnie


Oh yeah
Oh Yeah…!

  • We will be holding our first “OH YEAH!” debate today based on your Jackson: $20 Projects. Here are the rules.

    • We will start with a random person. That person will stand and give a reason my President Jackson should be on the $20 Bill.

    • When they are finished a historical figure with an OPPOSING view will stand and say “OH YEAH!...” then give one of their reasons my Jackson SHOULDN’T be in the $20.

    • When they are finish a person with an opposing view of the second person will stand and say “OH YEAH!...” and give their reason why Jackson SHOULD be on the $20.

    • And so on…

    • Pay attention so that you don’t repeat someone else’s reason.


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